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23 terms

Nutrition Ch.9

STUDY
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A cathartic is a
strong laxative
A graph of the relationship between mortality (left axis) and body mass index is shaped like a(n)
J
A high risk of weight-related health problems is seen in women whose waist circumference begins to exceed
35 inches
A person is at high risk for signs of illness and diminished work capacity when the BMI first drops below
17
A person who eats in response to arousal is most likely experiencing
stress eating
A person who exhibits a physiological needs to eat is most likely experiencing the sensation of
hunger
About how long does it take for a meal to be completely eliminated from the stomach?
4 hours
After consuming a very large meal, the desire to eat a slice of chocolate cake is an example of behavior known as
appetite
All of the following are an association between type 2 diabetes and body fat except
overweight people with the disease who lose weight show no improvement in glucose tolerance and insulin resistance
All of the following are characteristics of anorexia nervosa except in those who recover
energy intakes return to normal
All of the following are characteristics of neuropeptide Y except
it reduces fat storage
12. All of the following are characteristics related to the fat content in food except
eating high-fat foods typically leads to underconsumption of kcalories
13. All of the following are common behaviors of people afflicted with muscle dystrophy except
use of cathartics and emetics
All of the following are features of the health risks associated with excessive body fat expect
the risks are higher in black women thank in white women
All of the following are features of using weight measures of the assessment of disease risk except
they reveal the location of excess body fat
All of the following are typical characteristics of amenorrhea except
muscle dysmorphia
Among people with anorexia nervosa, approximately what percentage are males?
25
Among the following groups, which has the highest metabolic rate?
Younger individuals
An emotional insecure person might overeat for all of the following reasons except
to satisfy energy needs only
An index of a persons weight in relation to height is called
body mass index
Approximately what fraction of people treated for anorexia nervosa show reasonable maintenance of their weight gain?
1/2
Approximately what percentage of weight is loss during starvation is lean body mass?
50
Ben is worried that his family history of heart disease and his BMI of 28 are putting him at a very high risk for developing a cardiovascular disease. What would a clinician advise Ben to help lower his risk?
Lose weight as it can lower both blood cholesterol and blood pressure.