Intro Logic: Lesson 12
Terms in this set (11)
A statement that affirms or denies something about a given subject.
Four forms of categorical statements
1. All S are P. (Universal; Affirmative)
2. No S are P. (Universal; Negative)
3. Some S are P. (Particular; Affirmative)
4. Some S are not P. (Particular; Negative)
The term being described or about which something is asserted
The term that describes or asserts something about the subject.
The scope of a statement's claim about the extension of the subject: universal or particular.
When a statement makes a claim about the entire extension of the subject. (All or No)
When a statement makes a claim about part of the extension of the subject. (Some or Some...not)
The positive or negative nature of a statement's claim about the subject: affirmative or negative.
When a statement affirms something of the subject. (All or Some)
When a statement denies something of the subject. (No or Some...not)
Rules for translating categorical statements into standard categorical form
1. The statements must begin with the words all, no or some.
2. The verb must be a verb of being: is, are, was, were, will be, etc.
3. Both the subject and the predicate must be a noun or noun phrase.
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