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Math Terms: Lessons 1-4
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Terms in this set (24)
numeral
A symbol or group of symbols that represent a number.
number
When you are thinking of a number in your head.
counting numbers
The numbers used to count; the members of the set {1,2,3,4,5...}. Also called natural numbers.
whole numbers
The members of the set {0,1,2,3,4...}.
integers
The set of counting numbers, their opposites, and zero; the members of the set {-2,-1,0,1,2,...}.
place value
The value of a digit based on its position within a number.
factor
noun: one of two or more numbers that are multiplied.
5 x 6 = 30 (five and six are factors)
product
The result of multiplication.
5 x 4 = 20 (twenty is product)
addend
One of two or more numbers that are added to find a sum.
7 + 3 = 10 (seven and three are addends)
sum
The result of addition.
7 + 6 = 13 (13 is sum)
minuend
A number from which another number is subtracted.
12 - 8 = 4 (12 is minuend)
subtrahend
A number that is subtracted.
12 - 8 = 4 (8 is subtrahend)
difference
The result of subtraction.
12 - 8 = 4 (4 is difference)
quotient
The result of division.
12 / 3 = 4 (four is quotient)
divisor
A number by which another number is divided.
12 / 3 = 4 (3 is divisor)
dividend
A number that is divided.
12 / 3 = 4 (12 is dividend)
digits
Any of the symbols used to write numbers: 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9.
decimal point
A numeral that contains a decimal point.
expanded notation
A way of writing a number as the sum of the products of the digits and the place values of the digits.
origin
The location of the number 0 on a number line.
opposites
Two numbers whose sum is zero; a positive number and a negative number whose absolute values are equal.
coordinate
A number used to locate a point on a number line.
inverse operations
Operations that "undo" one another.
algorithm
Any process for solving a mathematical problem.
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