AP Literature Terms For Back to School Quiz
Definitions taken from http://www.houstonisd.org/cms/lib2/TX01001591/Centricity/Domain/16378/AP%20LITERARY%20TERMS.pdf
Terms in this set (58)
"Story or poem in which characters, settings, and events stand for other people or events or for abstract ideas or qualities."
"Repetition of same or similar consonant sounds in words that are close together."
"Reference to someone or something that is known from history, literature, religion, politics, sports, science, or another branch of culture. An indirect reference to something (usually from literature, etc)."
"Deliberately expressing two or more different, and sometimes conflicting, meanings in a work. An event or situation that may be interpreted more than one way- this is done on purpose by the author, when it is not done on purpose, it is vagueness and detracts from the work."
"Repetition of a word, phrase or clause at the beginning of two or more sentences in a row. This is a deliberate form of repetition and makes the writer's point more coherent."
"Brief story, often told to illustrate a point or serve as an example of something, often shows character of an individual."
"Opponent who struggles against or blocks the hero, or protagonist, in a story."
"Attributing human characteristics to an animal or inanimate object (personification)."
"Calling out to an imaginary, dead, or absent person, or to a place or thing, or a personified abstract idea. If a character is asking a god or goddess for inspiration, then it is called invocation."
"Placing in immediately succeeding order of two or more coordinate elements, the latter of which is an explanation, qualification, or modification of the first (often set off by a colon).
"The repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds especially in words that are together."
"In poetry, a type of rhetorical balance in which the second part is syntactically balanced against the first, but with the parts reversed... In prose this is called antimetabole."
"A word or phrase in everyday use in conversational and informal writing, but is inappropriate for formal situations."
Conceit (Literary Term)
"An elaborate metaphor which compares two things that are startlingly different, often as an extended metaphor."
"A speaker or writer's choice of words."
"A poem of mourning usually about someone who has died. A Eulogy is great praise or commendation, a laudatory speech, often about someone who has died."
"A quotation or aphorism at the beginning of a literary work suggestive of the theme."
"Device of repetition in which the same expression (a single word or phrase) is repeated at the end is repeated at the end of one or more lines or sentences (it is the opposite of an anaphora).
"An adjective or adjective phrase often applied to a person or thing that is frequently used to emphasize a characteristic quality.... A Homeric Epithet is a compound adjective used with a person or thing."
"A very short story told in prose or poetry that teaches a practical lesson about how to succeed in life."
"A type of comedy in which ridiculous and often stereo-typed characters are involved in silly and far-fetched situations."
"A character that acts as a contrast to another character. Often a funny sidekick to the dashing hero or the villain contrasting the hero.
"poetry that does not conform to a regular meter or rhyme scheme."
"A figure of speech that uses incredible exaggeration or overstatement for effect."
"A discrepancy between appearances and reality."
"Occurs when someone says one thing but really means something else."
"Takes place when there is a discrepancy between what is expected to happen, or what is appropriate to happen, and what really does happens."
""is so called because it is often used on stage. A character in the play or story thinks one thing is true but the audience or reader knows better."
"Poetical and rhetorical device in which normally unassociated ideas, words, or phrases are placed next to one another, creating an affect of surprise and wit."
"A form of understatement in which the positive form is emphasized by negating the negative form."
"A poem that does not tell a story but reflects the personal feelings or thoughts of the speaker. A Ballad tells a story.
"A figure of speech that makes a comparison of two unlike things without using specific words of comparison such as like, as, than, or resembles."
"A figure of speech in which a person, place, or thing is referred to by something closely associated with it."
"An atmosphere created by the writer's diction and the details selected."
"A recurring word, phrase, action, idea, object, or situation used throughout a work (or in several works by one author), unifying the work by tying the current situation to previous ones, or new ideas to the theme."
"The use of words whose sound echoes their sense."
"A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory words in a brief phrase."
"A relatively short story that teaches a moral, or lesson about how to lead a good life."
"A statement that appears self-contradictory, but reveals a kind of truth."
"(parallelism) the repetition of words that have similar grammatical structures."
"A work that makes fun of another work by imitating some aspect of the writer's style."
"A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes."
Point of View (1st, 2nd, 3rd, omniscient, objective)
"The vantage point from which the writer tells the story."
1st Person Point of View
"One of the characters tells the story."
2nd Person Point of View
A novel in which "you" is used instead of "I" or "he."
3rd Person Point of View
"An unknown narrator tells the story, but this narrator zooms into the thoughts and feelings of only one character."
Omniscient Point of View
"An omniscient, or all knowing narrator tells the story also using the third person pronouns. This narrator, instead of focusing on one character, often tells us everything about many characters."
Objective Point of View
"A narrator who is totally impersonal and objective tells the story with no comment on any characters or events."
"A type of writing that ridicules the short comings of people or institutions to bring about change."
"A figure of speech that makes an [explicit] comparison of two unlike things, using words such as like, as, than, or resembles."
A type of iambic pentameter poem that consists of 14 lines. The Italian version uses the abba, abba, cde, cde rhyme scheme while the English version uses the abab, cdcd, efef, gg scheme.
Stream of Consciousness
"A style of writing that portrays the inner (often chaotic) workings of a character's mind."
"The distinctive way in which a writer uses language: a writer's distinctive use of diction, tone, and syntax."
"A person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself and also stands for something more than itself."
"A figure of speech in which a part represents the whole. 'If you don't drive properly, you will lose your wheels.' The wheels represent the car."
"The insight of human life that is revealed in a literary work."
"The attitude the author takes toward the subject of the work, the characters in it, or the audience, revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization.
"A statement that says less than what is meant."
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