produce an enzyme-poor "juice" containing mucus; found in the submucosa of the small intestine
secretion includes amylase, which begins starch digestion in the mouth
ducts a variety of enzymes in an alkaline fluid into the duodenum
produces bile, which is transported to the duodenum via the bile duct
produce hydrochloric acid and pepsinogen
structure that suspends the small intestine from the posterior body wall (membrane)
fingerlike extensions of the intestinal mucosa that increase the surface area
collections of lymphatic tissue found in the submucosa of the small intestine
folds of the small intestine wall
two anatomical regions involved in physical breakdown of food
organ that mixes food in the mouth
common passage for food and air
1. lesser omentum 2. greater omentum 3. mesentery
three extensions/modifications of the peritoneum
literally a food chute; has no digestive or absorptive role
folds of the stomach mucosa
saclike outpocketings of the large intestine wall
projections of the plasma membrane of a cell that increase the cell's surface area
precents food from moving back into the small intestine once it has entered the large intestine
organ responsible for most food and water absorption//organ into which the stomach empties// organ that receives pancreatic juice and bile
large intestine (colon)
organ primarily involved in water absorption and feces formation
area between the teeth and lips/cheeks
blind sac hanging from the initial part of the colon
organ in which protein digestion begins
membrane attached to the lesser curvature of the stomach
sphincter, controlling the movement of food from the stomach into the duodenum
uvula hangs from its posterior edge
serosa of the abdominal cavity wall
region, containing two sphincters, through which feces are expelled from the body
anterosuperior boundary of the oral cavity; supported by bone
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