American History Terms Set 2
Terms in this set (23)
A force of naval vessels placed to intercept shipping into or out of an enemy's ports.
A cash payment by the national, state, or local government designed to attract volunteers to the armed forces.
Material belonging to an enemy subject to seizure by a belligerent power in time of war. During the Civil War, the term most often applied to slaves in the Confederacy who made their way to Union lines.
Fortifi cations constructed of dirt, sand, and other materials (a term often used interchangeably with breastworks or field works).
Defensive works prepared either in the fi eld or as part of more permanent fortifications around cities or other crucial positions (also often called, simply, trenches).
Outspoken advocates of southern rights who took extreme positions regarding the protection of slavery. Many of them, such as Edmund Ruffin, played a prominent role in the secession movement
The end of a line of troops on the field of battle or in a fortified position. To flank an enemy's position involves placing troops on its side or rear. A flanking march is a maneuver designed to give the troops in motion either a tactical or a strategic advantage.
A group of naval warships and support vessels operating as a unified force.
Similar to a fleet but usually consisting of a smaller number of vessels.
A combatant who operates in small units or bands beyond the control of major organized military forces. These men often carried out raids
and small attacks behind enemy lines
Military activity dealing with the physical support, maintenance, and supply of an army.
Temporary government of civilians by military authorities, typically involving the suspension of some civil liberties
A shoulder weapon that is loaded at the muzzle, or front of the barrel.
Those who hold the ranks of sergeant
A combatant operating in small groups beyond the control of major military forces. Sometimes used interchangeably with guerrilla, but during the Civil War, partisans often were viewed as better disciplined and less likely to commit outrages against civilians or enemy soldiers.
The doctrine that provided for the voters in a federal territory to decide whether they would accept slavery (rather than having Congress decide for them). An attempt to find a middle ground between those who wanted to exclude slavery from all territories and those who wanted it
protected by Congress, the doctrine figured prominently in the Compromise of 1850 and the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
The military department responsible for the supply of clothing, shoes, and other equipment.
The branch of warfare involving the movement of armies to (1) bring about combat with an enemy under favorable circumstances or (2)force the retreat of an enemy.
The branch of warfare involving actual combat between attackers and defenders.
The wagons accompanying armies that carried food, forage, ammunition, and other supplies (not to be confused with railroad rolling stock).
An unarmed vessel carrying troops or supplies
The simultaneous firing of their weapons by a number of soldiers in one unit.
A generic term applied to defensive fortifications of all types
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