80 terms

American Studies: Music


Terms in this set (...)

Robert Johnson
genre: delta blues
song: cross road blues
year 1930s
Woody Guthrie
genre: traditional folk music
song: this land is your land
year 1940s
Mahalia Jackson
genre: gospel music
song: move on up a little higher
year 1940s
Scott Joplin
genre: ragtime
song: the entertainer
year: 1902
Louis Armstrong
genre: hot jazz/dixieland
song: hotter than that
year 1920
Duke Ellington
genre: big band swing
song : it don't mean a thing if it aint got that swing
year: 1930
Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillepsie
genre: beebop
song: koko
year: 1940
Dave Brubeck Quartet
genre: cool jazz
song: take five
year: 1950
Ornette Coleman
genre: free jazz
song: free jazz a collective improv
year: 1950
Kenny G
genre: smooth jazz
song: songbird
year 1980
Kern and Hammerstein
Song: ol'man river from show boat
year 1927
Leonard Bernstein
song: tonight ensemble from west side story
year 1950
James Rado
song: Hair from hair
year 1960
Stephen Sondheim
song: epiphany from sweeney todd
year: 1979
Bing Crosby
genre: tin pan alley
song: white christmas
year: 1940
Barbra Streissand
song: the way we were
year 1970
Frank Sinatra
genre: tin pan alley
song: New york new york
Josh Groban
genre:adult contemporary
song: you raise me up
year: 2000
Bernard Herman
genre: film score
song: soundtrack to psycho
year: 1960
John Williams
genre: film score
song: theme from harry potter
year: 2000
Gene Autry
genre: country and western music
song: rudolf the red nosed reindeer
year: 1940
Hank Williams sr
genre: country
song: hey good lookin
year 1950
Johnny Cash
genre: country
song: i walk the line
year: 1950
Merle Haggard
genre: country
song: okie from muskogee
year: 1960
Kenny Rogers
genre: country
song: the gambler
year: 1970
Bob Dylan
genre: urban folk music
song: blowin' in the wind
year: 1960
Richie Havens
genre: urban folk music
song: handsome johnny
year: 1960
Muddy Waters
genre: 50's r & b
song: i got my mojo working
year 1950
James Brown
genre: 60's soul music
song: papa's gotta brand new bag
year: 1960
The Village People
genre: disco
song: YMCA
year: 1970
Whitney Houston
genre: 80's r & b
song: saving all my love for you
year 1980
Derrick May
genre: techno
song: strings of life
year 1980
Bill Haley and his Comets
genre: rockabilly
song: rock around the clock
year: 1950
Bob Dylan (2)
genre: folk rock
song: like a rolling stone
year: 1960
The Beach Boys
genre: psychadelic rock
song: good vibrations
year: 1960
Alice Cooper
genre: arena rock
song: schools out for summer
year: 1970
Patti Smith
genre: punk rock
song: gloria
year: 1970
The Talking Heads
genre: new wave (rock)
song: burning down the house
year 1980
genre: grunge (rock)
song: smells like teen spirit
year 1990
Afrika Bambaata
genre: rap/electro funk
song: planet rock
year 1980
genre: gangsta rap
song: express yourself
year 1980
Public Enemy
genre: enlightenment rap
song: fight the power
year 1988
genre: southern hiphop
song: hey ya
year: 2000
Charles Ives
genre: experimental sympthonic music
song: the unanswered question
year 1900
Henry Cowell
genre: experimental piano music
song: the banshee
year 1920
John Cage
genre: prepared piano
song: the perilous night
year: 1940
Edgard Varese
genre: electronic music/musique concrète
song: poem electronique
year 1950
Philip Glass
genre: minimalism
song: floe from glassworks
year 1980
Lisa Coons
genre: sound art
song: songs from wasteland
year 2000
Technologies invented in the 1920's
AM radio, electric microphone, 78 RPM record, movies with sound
Technologies invented in the 1930's
2 channel stereo, FM radio,
Technologies invented in the 1940's
33 rpm stereo LP records, commercial tv, 45 rpm
Technologies invented in the 1950's
reel to reel tape recording, electric guitar,
Technologies invented in the 1960's
8 track tapes,
Technologies invented in the 1970's
casette tapes, apple personal computer,
Technologies invented in the 1980's
MIDI, compact disc, 12 inch single, MTV, world wide web/internet,
Technologies invented since the 1990's
dvds, amazon, google, ebay, ipod, itunes, iphone, youtube
popular music
music conceived and performed as a commercial commodity for mainstream audiences.
roots music
Various types of "folk" music (in America, these became the basis for later American styles such as such as rock and roll, rhythm and blues, jazz, country-rock, folk-rock, etc.)
classical music
Art-music intended for a concert hall or theatrical performance, or music that is highly experimental
old time music
a type of Appalachian folk music played on fiddle, mandolin, guitar, banjo, bass, dulcimer, harmonica, jaw harp, accordion, jugs, washboards, and spoons
hot jazz
an early style of Dixieland jazz made famous by trumpeter-singer Louis Armstrong.
race music
A term put directly on record labels in the 1920s and '30s by small independentcompanies that marketed black roots music specifically to African-American listeners.
a type of high-speed, improvised jazz played by a small group of virtuoso players
big band
a large "jazz orchestra" comprised of trumpets, trombones, saxophones, clarinets and jazz rhythm section.•
boogie woogie
an "eight-to-the-bar" pounding dance rhythm that was very popular in the 1930s and '40s
back beat
a rhythm that accents off-beats "2" and "4" in 4/4 time; an important feature of Rhythm and Blues and Rock & Roll
chance music
a concept promoted by John Cage in which some or all aspects of a composition are "indeterminant" (unpredictable—not planned in advance).
cool jazz
a smooth, serene style of jazz that began on the West Coast in the 1950s
multi serialism
the process of controlling multiple aspects of a composition by a pre-ordered numeric series of pitches
rhythm and blues
a type of up-tempo blues promoted in the 1950s by Howlin' Wolf, Big Joe Turner, and Muddy Waters
soul music
an expressive kind of secular pop singing that came out of the African-American Gospel tradition; early artists in this style during the 1950s were Ray Charles and Sam Cooke
free jazz
an unstructured, virtuosic and highly-improvisatory style of jazz promoted by Ornette Coleman
soundtrack or film score`
music specifically written to be an integral part of a movie.
the term used to describe a combination of rock and jazz elements
a type of art-music developed in the 1970s by Steve Reich and Phillip Glass which focuses on small, repetitive bits of material that are transformed gradually over time
a type of electronic R & B/funk developed in the 1980s by Juan Atkins and Derrick May.•
smooth jazz
A type of easy-listening jazz-pop promoted by soprano saxophonist Kenny G
a cultural sensibility created by inner-city blacks that includes the four elements of rap, breakdancing, DJ-ing, and graffiti art.
an artistic endeavor that involves both visual art and experimental music, such as a composition performed on a sculpture that was designed to be played on.