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92 terms

APUSH Ch. 39

STUDY
PLAY
JFK
Democratic candidate for 1960 elections; Senator from MA; Roman Catholic
Robert Kennedy
JFK's Attorney general and brother; tried to recast the priorities of the FBI but resisted by J Hoover
Robert McNamara
head of Defense department
Peace Corps
an army of idealist and mostly powerful volunteers to bring American skills to underdeveloped countries
New Frontier
JFK's social program; steel management, tax cuts; control inflation; Civil rights; poor
House Rules Committee
JFK expanded on this govt agency
Lyndon Johnson
TX senator; Democratic Majority Leader; experienced; JFK's running mate in 1960 elections
Kennedy/ Nixon Debate
the event that determined the outcome of 1960 election
Alliance for Progress
plan to aid and help Latin America to stern Communism
Kennedy Round
reduced tariffs
Green berets
special forces sent to train soldiers in Vietnam formed by Defense Secretary McNamara
Congo 1960
African country that got its independence from Belgium in _____(date); controlled by UN peacekeeping force
Laos 1962
freed from French overlords in 1954; peace was imposed at the Geneva Conference in 1962
Flexible response
Kennedy's plan to deal with foreign powers by not always resorting to nuclear weapons but using specialist like the Green Beret
Yuri Gagarin
first man into outer space and orbit the Earth; Russian
Alan Shepard
second person to enter outer space; first American to enter outer space
Bay of Pigs Invasion 1961
Kennedy's big failure in foreign policy; Plan: American troops w/ Cuban exiles to Cuba to start a second revolt against Castro; DISASTROUS: they land on a Cuban military base and there are not enough support; JFK withdraws air support
Berlin Wall 1961
built by Soviets to separate E and W Germany; prevent East Berliners from crossing to W Ger
Cuban Missile crisis 1962
USSR installed missiles in Cuba. JFK threatened a full scale attack; instead delivered a public ultimatum to the Soviets. Soviets agree to withdraw missiles and Kennedy agree to keep Castro in power and withdraw missiles in Turkey
hot line
direct phone line linking D.C. and Moscow
Richard Nixon
Republican candidate in 1960 elections against JFK
sit-in
peaceful form of protest used by Blacks to draw attention to the racial discrimination in restaurants, buses, and public areas
freedom riders
Blacks (and whites) who stayed in the seats in the bus
Birmingham, AL
one of the most racially segregated and prejudiced towns; one of the turning points of Civil Rights movement
Bull Connor
infamous police official who was violently against integration; used fire hoses, police attack dogs, and tank to crush protesters; tactics caught on TB and stopped by JFK
March on Washington 1963
large political rally where 200,000 people attended and MLK delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech
200,000
number of people who attended March on Washington rally in summer of 1963
Dealey Plaza; Dallas, TX
place and city where JFK was assassinated
Nov. 22 1963
day that JFK was assassinated
Zabrudew
man who captured JFK's assassination in film
Lee Harvey Oswald
alleged shooter of JFK; former Marine sharpshooter; Communist, worked at Book Warehouse near Dealey Plaza
3; missed, in neck, in head
number of shots fired and where?
Jack Ruby
head of organized crime who killed Oswald (caught on TV)
Grassy Knoll
site where some claim the shots that killed JFK were fired
Warren Commission
Johnson appointed Chief Justice to head the investigation of JFK's assassination
Oswald acted alone
Warren Commission's verdict: who was involved in JFK assassination?
J. Edgar hoover
FBI director who resisted Robert Kennedy's efforts to recast FBI priorities of targeting against organized crime and civil rights violations
Trade Expansion Act 1962
tariff cuts of up to 50% to promote trade with the Common Market; led to Kennedy Round
Charles DE Gaulle
President of France; suspicious of American intentions in Europe; vetoed British application for Common Market membership in 1963; ordered NATO off French soil in 1966
coup of Diem 1963
pro-American leader of South Vietnam was overthrown in Nov 1963
detente
term for the policy that later developed from Kennedy's laying the foundations for a realistic policy of peaceful coexistence with Communist Russia; relaxed defense
Voter education project
group that registered the South's historically disenfranchised blacks to vote
James Meredith
black air force veteran who encountered opposition when he attempted to register to the University of Mississippi in 1962; backed by Kenedy and troops
Apollo 8
spacecraft that carried astronauts around the moon
hostages from USS pueblo released; apollo 8 launched
December 1968
Nixon wins a close election (minority president)
November 1968
George Wallace of independent party declares candidacy
September 1968
Democratic Convention in Chicago nominate Humphrey; Daley violently puts down protests
August 1968
Republican Convention nominates Nixon
July 1968
Kennedy wins Democratic primary then assassinated
June 1968
Denny McLean pitches his 30th game win
May 1968
MLK is assassinated
April 1968
LBJ announces he is not seeking a second term; Kennedy declares candidacy
March 1968
Tet Offensive
February 1968
Pueblo incident
January 1968
Great Society
name for LBJ's domestic policy
education, war on poverty, civil rights, senior citizens, immigration
points of the Great Society
all the way with LBJ
democratic slogan for 1964 elections
Barry Goldwater
very conservative Republican candidate in 1964 elections; lost by a landslide to LBJ; promoted use of nuclear weapons; against govt spending
Gulf of Tonkin Incident 1964
N. Vietnamese ships supposedly fired American ships
Gulf of Tonkin resolution 1964
gave the president a blank check to uses for military force in SE Asia; gave LBJ total control w/out Congress' approval to enter war
Domino Effect
theory that if Vietnam falls the rest of SE Asia falls to Communism
Viet Cong
Communist rebels in S. Vietnam; employed guerilla warfare
pacification
burning down villages in search for Communists
hawks, doves
pro war advocates, antiwar advocates
Dominican republic 1965
nation where a supposed Communist coup took place; Johnson sent troops and denounced as over-anxious
black panthers
belligerent radical black protestors; violent
Malcolm X
said blacks should get equality through any means necessary; inspired by the Nation of Islam and its founder Elijah Muhammed
Stokely Carmichael
leader of the SNCC; initially supporter of MLK; later urged to abondon peaceful demonstrations
Eldridge Cleaver
radical black civil rights leader of the Black Panthers
Pueblo incident
Jan 1968; US spy ship seized by North Koreans; imprisoned and beat 80 crew men for 11months; provoked anger but not military response
Eugene McCarthy
Democratic senator from MN; ran for presidency in 1968; antiwar; almost beat Johnson n the NH primary in Jan 1968
Tet offensive
campaign in Jan 1968 by the Viet cong to attack S. Vietnamese cities; ended in military defeat but proed that LBJ's GRADUAL ESCALATION WAS NOT WORKING; shocked American public who thought that Vietnam was a sure victory
Hubert Humphrey
LBJ's VP; won the Democratic ticket for 1968 elections
24th amendment 1964
abolished poll tax in federal elections; joined the blacks with whites during the civil rights movement
operation rolling thunder
massive air bombardment of N. Vietnam in April 1965
Robert Weaver
head of the HUD; first Black cabinet secretary
Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965
abolished the National Origin quota and doubled the immigration influx to 290,000 annualy
MS Freedom Democratic Party
integrated political party denied its seat
Watts Riots
violent race riots in LA in 1965
student non-violent coordinating committee
headed by stokey carmichael; urged the abandonment of peaceful demonstrations
Six-Day War 1967
Israel defeated Egypt and gained new territory in the Sinai Peninsula, Golan Heights, Gaza Strip, and the WEst Bank of Jordan River, and Jerusalem
Sen. William Fullbright
senator from Arkansas; anti Vietnam War; headed Senate Committee of Foreign Relations
cointelpro
code ame for the counterintelligence program; JOhnson ordered the CIA to spy on domestic antiwar activists
George Wallace
governor of Alabama; racist radical who wanted to use nuclear weapons on Vietnamese; ran on Independent Party ticket in 1968 elections
Rebel without a cause
movie that portrayed the youth counterculture of the 1960s
Sexual Behavior in the Human Male
book by Dr. Kinsey
Manhattan society
found in 1951- pioneered gay rights
Students for a Democratic Society
antiwar; later spawned an underground terrorist group called the Weathermen
youthful Population bulge; Protest against racism and Vietnam War; apparent Permanence of Prosperity
upheavals of the 1960s are attributed to the 3 P's
mario savio
led the free speech movement in UCAL at Berkeley in 1964
Stonewall Inn 1969
location and time of the brutal attack on gay men by off-duty police officers in NY