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TEAS 6 English
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Terms in this set (191)
Vice Cops Will Want No Punishment At All
Verbs; Cross out prepositional phrases; Who/what subject; No nouns; Pronouns; At adjectives; All adverbs
To be verbs
Am, is, are
Person, place, thing, animal, idea, or feeling
Describe a noun
Describe a verb
In, out, around, about, etc.
A string of two or more words, with a subject and a verb
Ex. When the saints go marching in
Ex. Obediah Simpson is uglier than a rabid raccoon.
A string of two or more words, that do not have a subject and a verb
Ex. because of her glittering smile
Ex. broken into thousands of pieces
What is used to separate a quotation from interrupting text?
a, and, the
Never capitalize articles unless necessary to another rule
You use the second-person point of view to address the reader, as I just did
Singular: Mom can you grab the keys
Plural: Everyone needs to raise their
hand if they have a question
What is used between a title and sub-title of a book?
"He, she, or it"
Joins two or more words or phrases
For, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
Joins two or more clauses
Because, though, although, as, as if, when, while
Making a noun from a verb, adverb, or adjective
Verbs that show an action performed by the subject of the sentence
Ex. Sheila and tom take a walk in the park
Ex. Was cooked. Was seen.
In his wood working he used a type of file known as a rasp
Allen is malcontent
The menu listed such delicacies as frog legs, snails, etc.
The ophthalmologist, or eye doctor told me to wear these
Unlike life in the country, henderson was a quaint existence
Parenthetical expressions should be offset by what?
Explains how two items are similar
Emphasizes the differences rather than the similarities.
He was awarded a degree posthumously; He died a month before graduation
What precedes conjunctive adverbs?
Added to the beginning of the word to modify it
Added to the end of the word to modify it
the root meaning of the word
A sentence that contains only one clause, and has complete meaning (independent clause)
Ex. Some students like to study in the mornings.
Ex. Alicia goes to the library and studies every day.
Is usually given at the beginning of the paragraph
The meaning of the sentence isn't revealed until the end, usually in the form of an independent clause
A group of words that contain a subject and a verb, and expresses a complete thought
A group of words that contain a subject and a verb, and does not contain a complete thought
The independent clause is at the beginning of a sentence
Ex. He dipped his hands in the bichloride solution and shook them--a quick shake, fingers down, like the fingers of a pianist above the keys
"I" before "e" except after "c" or in words like neighbor and weigh
Suffixed for words ending in "e"
Word ends in silent "e", added suffix begins with vowel, drop the letter "e" when adding the suffix: age+ing=aging
Word ends in silent "e", added suffix begins with consonant, keep the letter when adding suffix: awe+some=awesome
Suffixed for words ending in "y"
If word ends with a "y" preceded by a vowel, keep the "y" when adding the suffix: Annoy+ance=annoyance
If a word ends with a "y" precede by a consonant drop the y when adding a suffix: Carry+ed=carried
Suffixes for words ending in a consonant-vowel-consanant pattern (CVC)
If a word ends with a CVC then double the final consanant: Bag+age = Baggage
If a word has more than one syllable, and the accent is on the last syllable, double the final consanant before adding the suffix: allot+ed = allotted
Suffix: ia, y
State or condition: amnesia, democracy
Suffix: ic, ical, ac
Having to do with: physical, cardiac, endoscopic
Belief in: activism
The study of: archeology
Suffix: or, er
one who takes part in: conductor, fighter
What is placed between two independent clauses, if the latter clause expands on the former clause?
What is placed between two related independent clauses?
Nonrestrictive phrases and clauses
Groups of words that don't contain information that is necessary to interpreting the meaning of the sentence
Should be offset by commas
Ex. Jack Smith, who studied drama in New York City, was ideal.
Random comma rules
Separate quotations from text: "Yo", dad exclaimed
When an independent clause preceeds a dependent clause: Some of us could not spend it more foolishly, If time were gold.
Separate city from state: Las Vegas, NV
Placed between two related independent clauses
Precede conjuctive adverbs: However, therefore
When a sentence contains a series of elements that contain one or more commas, the division between the elements should be a semicolon
Herald something that is to immediatly follow an independent clause: this usually comes in the form of a list
I, you, he, she, it, we, they
me, you, him, her, it, us, them
my, mine, your, your's, his, her, her's, it's, our, ours, their, theirs
Suffixes for words ending in "C"
If a word ends in "c" and the suffix is a "e", "i", or "y", then the letter "k" should be inserted
Ex. colic+y= colicky; mimic+ed= mimicked
What should follow the salutation of an informal letter?
Ex. Dear Mom,
Words ending in -ceed
Emceed, exceed, proceed, succeed
Words ending in -sede
Words end in -cede
Accede, antecede, concede, intercede, recede, retrocede
Words ending in -able
If the root word is a complete word add the suffix -able.
Ex. avail+able= available
If the root word ends in "e" drop the "e" before adding -able
Ex. love+able= lovable
Words ending in -ible
If the root word isn't a complete word ad -ible
Ex. aud+ible= audible
Words ending in -ance, -ancy, -ant
If the suffix is proceeded by a hard "c" or "g" then add the suffix
Ex. Extravagant, elegance, vacancy
Words ending in -ence, -ency, -ent
If the suffix is proceeded by a soft "c" or "g" then add the suffix
Absence, agency, emergent
Words ending in -tion and -sion
If the word ends in "t" -tion can be added
If the word ends in "s" -sion can be added
Words ending in -cian
If a word names a person then it should end in -cian
Physician, technician, musician
Homophones: Affect and Effect
Affect (verb): To have an effect on
Effect (noun): Something that is brought about by a cause
Homophones: Ascent and Assent
Ascent (noun): A slope that angles upwards
Assent (noun): Agreement
Homophones: All ready and Already
All ready (adjective): Everyone or everything is ready
Already (adverb): By this time
What should be used to herald something, that is to immediately follow an independent clause?
Homophones: All together and Altogether
All together (adjective): Everyone in a group
Altogether (adverb): Entirely, completely
Homophones: Altar and Alter
Altar (noun): A structure used in worship
Alter (verb): To change
Homophones: Bear and Bare
Bear (verb): To carry or support
Bare: (verb): To expose
Homophones: Capital and Capitol
Capital (noun): A leading or governing city
Capitol (noun): A building that houses the states lawmakers
Homophones: Cite and Site
Cite (verb): To use as an example, to quote
Site (noun): A location
Homophones: Complement and Compliment
Complement (noun): An element that completes
Compliment (noun): A remark of appreciation
When a sentence contains a series of elements that contain one or more commas, what Divides the elements?
Homophones: Council and Counsel
Council (noun): A body of people assembled for advice
Counsel (noun): Advice
Homophones: Descent and Dissent
Descent (noun): A slope that angels downward
Dissent (noun): Disagreement
What should separate a city from a state?
Homophones: Dying and Dyeing
Dying (verb): Ceasing to live
Dyeing (verb): Coloring a fabric
Homophones: Forth and Fourth
Forth (adverb): Forward in place or time
Fourth (noun): The element in a series that is after the 3rd
Homophones: Principal and Principle
Principal (noun): Chief or Leader
Principle (noun): A belief or rule of conduct
What should follow a salutation of an informal letter?
Homophones: Stationary and Stationery
Stationary (adjective): Not moving
Stationery (noun): Paper for writing letters
Homophones: Their, They're, and there
Their (adjective): Belonging to them
They're: Contraction of "they are"
There (adjective): In that place
Introductory words (yes and no) should be separated by what?
Ex. "Yes, sir"
Homophones: To, Too, and Two
To (preposition): Indicates movement or intent
Too (adverb): Also
Two (adjective): Something that has two units
Homophones: Whose and Who's
Whose (adjective): Belonging to whom
Who's: Contraction of "who is"
Homophones: Your and You're
Your (adjective): Belonging to you
You're: Contraction of you are
Historical documents and events Nationalities, races, and religions Monuments, ships, and planes
Proper names and titles of rank
Showing family relationship (when they stand alone or are followed by a personal name)
Main words or titles of books poems, plays, etc.
The first word of a quotation
Names of seasons if they are personified
Used to suggest hesitation, attempt to conceal something, unfinished thought, or difficulty expressing oneself
When a dependent clause precedes an independent clause in a complex sentence; What should separate the two?
If a word does not fit entirely on a line what is place to separate the word?
If compound numbers function as adjective, what separates them?
What is used to join a prefix and a proper adjective or noun?
Words that need to be hyphenated
What encloses supplementary or explanatory material that interrupts the main sentence?
When should a period be added in the parenthesis
If the material in the parenthesis is a complete sentence that is not located within another sentence
What is used to enclose chapters, articles, and short stories, songs, plays, etc?
What is used to enclose technical terms or slang?
What is used when making a quotation inside of a quotation?
What do you add to a noun or indefinite pronoun (that doesn't end in "s") to form a possessive case
Ex. The boy's cat was stuck in the tree.
How do you form a possessive case of a plural noun that ends in an "s"
Ex. The trees' look beautiful
Apostrophes are used in certain expression of time
A weeks' vacation
How do you pluralize letters, numbers, and words
Ex. Dot your i's and cross your t's; 4's; no if's and's or but's about it
How do you show omission of letters or numbers as in contractions or dates
Ex. '05; can't
Where are commas used within dates
They separate two textual or two numerical elements
Ex. Saturday, January 14, 2031
Expressions that are not really part of the main idea of the sentence, or that interrupt the main sentence.
Ex. The tortoise, as far as we know, likes eating lettuce
Renames a noun in another part of the sentence
Ex. Our teacher, Paul, will be online later today
Words of direct address
Uses the names of the people to whom you are speaking, or it may use other words which take the place of the actual names
Ex. Boys, are you ready to go? (boys)
A subject pronoun, in reference to people
Performer of the action
Ex. Who threw the ball
An object pronoun, in reference to people.
The receiver of the action.
Ex. Jim threw the ball to whom?
"That" and "Which"
That= people and things
Bob and Mitch played soccer last night.
1. Find the action verb= played
2. Find the subject= Bob and Mitch
3. Who/What (Direct object)= soccer
The Cook baked the children cookies.
1. Find the action verb= baked
2. Find the subject= The Cook
3. Who/What (Direct object)= cookies
4. To/For whom (Indirect object)= children
Adverbs that act like conjunctions; therefore they connect the information in two clauses or sentences.
Name general people, animals, places, and things
Ex. Firefighter, City, Mountain
Name specific People, animals, places, and things.
They always begin with a capital letter.
Ex. John, New York, Mt. Rushmore
Two or more words that are modifying or limiting a noun.
Ex. Follow the step-by-step instructions.
They don't refer to anything or anyone specific (vague).
When you quote, exactly, directly, what a person said.
A noun that existed before a pronoun
Ex. Sheila and Tom are walking in the park
Furthermore, accordingly, indeed, nonetheless
Sentence part that gives move information about a subject or object
The person or thing to whom or which something is done
Ex: Jim built his (granddaughter) a (sandcastle) on the beach.
--Jim built what?
--Sandcastle= Direct object
--Who got the sandcastle?
--Granddaughter= Indirect object
Words or phrases that represent short bursts of emotion
A word or group of words that receives the action of the verb
A word or group of words that provides description for another word
The part of the sentence that explains what the subject does or likes
A word that describes relationships between other words
Ex: In, on, beside, for, under, above
A word that takes the place of a noun
The main noun in the sentence that is doing or being
The style of writing determined by word choice
A verb for an item that has been completed
Ex: Had written, has written, will have written
A verb that shows something is currently happening
Ex: Was writing, is writing, will be writing
Matching like number of subjects and verbs:
Singular with singular, plural with plural
Matching like number of pronouns and their antecedents:
Singular with singular, plural with plural
An informal word or phrase
A style that follows conventional rules
A narrative mode that addresses the reader as "you"
Informal language usually tied to a specific group of people
A relaxed, unofficial style
-Colloquialisms and slang can be beneficial in this type of writing
-Second person in commonly used in informal writing
Discussing as a group to create an idea or solve a problem
Visually diagramming ideas around a central concept
Stream of consciousness writing
A narrative device that mimics interior monologue
A short paragraph that highlights a key point
Information that supports the main idea by answering who, what, where, when, or why
The sentence that summarizes the main idea of a piece of text
Words or sentences that lead from one idea to another
Surrounding words that lead meaning to an idea
Words with identical meanings
The implied attitude toward a topic
Letters placed at the beginning or end of a word or word part to change it's meaning
Determining the origin of the word
Details of how a word is expressed to modify its tone or meaning
The smallest meaningful unit in grammar
Ex: -ly an inflection morpheme
A word to which an affix can be attached
An affix that appears at the end of a word
Hyphenate prefixes before proper nouns or proper adjectives
Hyphenate ALL words beginning with self-, ex-, and all-
Hyphenate when it adds clarity
Ex: Re-cover (cover again) vs recover (recuperate)
Prefix a- and supra-
a-(not) asymmetric=not symmetric
supra-(above) supraorbital=above the eye sockets
Suffix -s, -es, -ies
Superlative (the degree of quality an adjective describes)
Suffix -ise, -ize
Usually changes nouns to verbs
Usually changes adjectives into adverbs
Suffix -able, -ible
Usually changes verbs into adjectives
Class-maintaining, retained in a noun
Suffix -logy, -ology
Class-maintaining, retained in a noun
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