Structure and Function Final Exam Review
Terms in this set (83)
Presence of protein in the urine.
Absence of menstrual flow.
An enzyme secreted normally from the pancreatic cells that travels to the duodenum by way of the pancreas duct and aids in digestion.
Presence of bacteria in the urine.
Inflammation of the glans penis and the mucous membrane beneath it.
Surgical repair of the glans penis.
A bitter, yellow-green secretion of the liver.
The cup-shaped end of a renal tubule containing a glomerulus; also called glomerular capsule.
Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy; a benign, noncanerous enlargement of the prostate gland, creating pressure on the upper part of the urethra or neck of the bladder.
The bluish-violet hue of the cervix and vagina after approx. the sixth week of pregnancy.
The cup-shaped division of the renal pelvis through which urine passes from the renal tubules.
Carcinoma of the Testes
A malignant tumor of the testicle that appears as a painless lump in the testicle; also called testicular cancer.
A sexually transmitted bacterail infection that cause inflammation of the cervix in women and inflammation of the urethra and the epididymis in men.
A skin lesion, usually of primary syphilis, that begins at the site of infection as a small raised area and develops into a red painless ulcer with a scooped out appearance; also know as a venereal sore.
The liquidlike material of partially digested food and digestive secretions found in the stomach just before it is released into the duodenum.
The thin, yellow fluid secreted by the breasts during pregnancy and the first few days after birth, before lactation begins.
Visual examination of the vagina and cervix with a colposcope.
Contraction Stress Test
A stress test used to evaluate the ability of the fetus to tolerate the stress of labor and delivery; also known as oxytocin challenge test.
A yellowish mass that forms within the ruptured ovarian follicle after ovulation, containing high levels of progesterone and some estrogen.
Condition of undescended testicle(s); the absence of one or both testicles from the scrotum.
A surgical procedure in which the abdomen and uterus are incised and a baby is delivered transabdominally.
The process of viewing the interior of the bladder, using a cytoscope.
The act of expelling feces from the rectum through the anus.
The most severe form of hypertension during pregnancy; evidenced by seizures (convulsions).
Thinning of the cervix, which allows it to enlarge the diameter of its opening in preparation for childbirth.
The union of a male sperm and a female ovum.
The fringelike ends of the fallopian tubes.
Fundus of the Uterus
The dome-shaped central upper portion of the uterus between the points of insertion of the fallopian tubes.
A pear-shaped excretory sac lodged in a fossa on the visceral surface of the right lope of the liver.
A highly contagious viral infection of the male and female genitalia.
The tip of the penis.
Small, cauliflower-like, fleshy growths usually seen along the penis in the male and in or near the vagina in women.
Substances that filter out the blood through the thin walls of the glomeruli.
A ball-shaped collection of very tiny coiled and intertwined capillaries, located in the cortex of the kidney.
The presence of sugar in the urine.
A gamete producing gland such as an ovary or a testis.
The softening of the uterine cervix, a probable sign of pregnancy.
The presence of blood in the urine.
Causes genital warts, affects women, can get a vaccination called Gardisil, only works on women who have not been exposed to the virus.
An abnormal condition of pregnancy characterized by severe vomiting that result in maternal dehydration and weight loss.
Xray of the uterus and the fallopian tubes by injectin a contrast medium into these structures.
The presence of ketones in urine.
Kidneys, ureters, bladder; an Xray of the lower abdomen that defines the size, shape, and location of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder; a contrast medium is not used with this xray.
An enzyme that aids in the digestion of fats.
Foul smelling; having a bad odor.
Chewing, tearing, or grinding food with the teeth while it becomes mixed with saliva.
The internal part of a structure or organ.
Abnormal, black, tarry stool containing digested blood.
The permanent cessation (stopping) of the menstrual cycles.
Excessive or heavy menstrual flow.
The act of elimination urine from the bladder; also called voiding or uriniation.
A condition of kidney stones; also know as renal calculi.
Urination at night.
Little or scanty menstrual flow.
A precancerous lesion occuring anywhere in the mouth.
Inflammation of the testes.
A diagnostic test for cervical cancer that is microscopic examination of cells scraped from within the cervix, from around the cervix, and from the posterior part of the vagina.
The throat; a tubular structure about 13 cm long that extends from the base of the skull to the esophagus and is situated just in front of the cervical vertebrae.
A tightness of the foreskin of the penis that prevents it from being pulled back.
Tests performed on maternal urine and/or blood to determine the presence of HCG.
A woman who has given birth for the first time, after a pregnancy of at least 20 weeks gestation.
A bacterial infection of the renal pelvis of the kidney.
The first feeling of movement of the fetus felt by the expectant mother; usually occurs at about 16 to 20 weeks gestation.
Contains millions of microscopic units.
The central collection part of the kideny that narrows into the large upper end of the ureter, it receives urine through the calyces and drains it into the ureters.
Urine that remains in the bladder after urination.
Approx. 20 ft. long, coiling and looping as it fills most of the abdominal cavity, divided into 3 parts: duodenum, jejunum, and ileum.
Greater than normal amounts of fat in the feces; frothy, foul-smelling fecal matter floats.
An STD characterized by lesions that may involve any organ or tissue.
A male hormone secreted by the testes, responsible for secondary sex characteristics changes that occur in the male with onset of puberty.
A fungal infection in the mouth and throat producing sore, creamy, white slightly raised curd-like patches on the tongue and other mucosal surfaces.
A feeling of the need to void urine immediately.
Inability to control urination; the inability to retain urine in the bladder.
One of a pair of tubes that carriers urine from the kidney to the bladder.
A small tubular structure that drains urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.
May be alkaline when a UTI is present.
Uterus (3 layers)
The hollow, pear-shaped organ of the female reproductive system that houses the fertilized, implanted ovum as it develops throughtout pregnancy. Endometrium-the innermost layer. Myometrium-the middle, muscualr layer. Perimetrium-outermost serous membrane layer.