10 terms

14.2 The Psychoanalytic Approach

STUDY
PLAY
repression
Moves anxiety- causing ideas from conscious awareness.
rationalization
The use of self-deception to justify unacceptable behaviors or ideas.
regression
Returning to the behavior that is characteristic of an earlier stage of development. Example:pouting and refusing to speak when your parent tell you your not allowed to go out with your friends.
projection
When people see their own faults in others. Ex: A hostile person accuses other people of being hostile.
displacement
A transfer of an idea or impulse from a threatening or unsuitable object to a less threatening object.
reaction formation
Acting contrary to their genuine feelings in order to keep your true feelings hidden. Example: someone who is attracted to another person may keep the impulses out of their mind by being mean to that person.
denial
When a person refuses to accept the reality of anything that is bad or upsetting. Example:ignoring the risks of lung cancer from smoking by saying "It can't happen to me."
sublimation
When individuals can channel their basic impulses into socially acceptable behavior. Example: A hostile students may channel aggressive impulses into contact sports.
id
A reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that, according to Freud, strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives. Operates on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification.
superego
The part of personality that, according to Freud, represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgment (the conscience) and for future aspirations.