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Final Psci 2
Terms in this set (58)
An organization or association of people with common interests that engages in political behavior on behalf of its members
loosely connected networks of interest groups, politicians, politcy experts, and bureaucrats
Expected benefits they receive outweigh the costs
individuals will contribute their time and money to an interest group if what occurs
largest voluntary association in America
dominant incentives to join economic groups
the free rider problem
groups that rely on purportive benefits to attract members
many americans participate indirectly in politics by joining or supporting
What is probably the fastest-growing group tactic used to influence public policy?
there are multiple access points
Federalism and the separation of powers imply what about influence public policy?
Groups of like-minded people who band together in an attempt to take control of government and who represent the primary connection between ordinary citizens and the public officials they elect are called
parties generally operate to achieve their own selfish ends
Americans are generally dissatisfied with both parties.
Which is the only third party in American history to become a major party?
Every four years, parties write a statement of their positions on the major issues of the time. These are called
What do scholars call it when the major groups who support a party shift to support a different political party for the long term?
which state has a non-partisan legislature?
cultural, economic, and foreign policy
Modern party politics in the United States involves conflict on _____ issues
Divided government- one party holds presidency but doesn't control both houses
Unified government- one party holds presidency and controls both houses of congress
Difference between divided government and unified government:
straight ticket voting: voting for ALL Democrats or ALL republicans on the ballot. In contrast, split ticket voting: voting for candidates of different parties on the ballot
difference between straight ticket voting and split-ticket voting.
means of communication that are widely affordable and technologically capable of reaching a broad audience are called
The importance of advertising, The emergence of national networks, The licensing system
Which development in U.S. radio had implications for future mass media?
federal communications commission
Stations had to sell time to all legally qualified candidates on equal terms
The legislation that established the Federal Communications Commission also created the equal time rule, which meant what?
The FCC regulation enforced between 1949 and 1987 that required stations to air contrasting viewpoints on matters of public importance and to give public figures who had been criticized on any of the station's programs a free opportunity to respond is called the
Talk radio has _____ since the 1980s.
The majority of Americans _____ in order to learn about national politics.
The purported ability of TV to raise a foreign tragedy to national prominence by broadcasting vivid pictures is known as the
The difference between agenda setting, priming, and framing
What is soft money?
Campaign contributions from interest groups, labor unions, including donors that unregulated by the federal government
Teh FECA requires candidate to list all contributors who give ____ or more
By 1840 political parties began using _______ to select their presidential candidates
How do caucuses differ from primaries?
-Rules are more complicated
-Take longer to complete
-Turnout is smaller
-Require participants to make the preferences known publically
Campaign advertising focuses increasingly on _____
When it comes to the economy, the voters tend to blame
the party in the white house if the economy is doing poorly
What is a superdelegate?
Certain democratic party leaders - members of the US house and senate, governors, members of the national committee -are considered automatic other officio to delegate
To qualify for matching funds, a candidate must raise____in contributions of $250 or less in ____states
In 2008, ____ was the maximum contribution an individual could ma to a presidential cadidate
If a presidential candidate accepts matching funds from the government for their campaigns, then under FECA they may contribute no more than ____ of their own money to their campaign
The constitution initially specified that US senators would be elected by _____
Every state is guaranteed___house member and ___senators
What is an open seat?
A house or senate race where there is no incumbent running for reelection (because of death or retirement)
What is a safe seat?
A congressional district certain to vote with a candidate of one party
Who controls redistricting?
Drawing new boundaries of congressional districts, usually after the decennial census, is called___
Drawing district lines so that one party, group, or individual gains political advantage is called____
When incumbents help a constituent or bring home economic benefits, what are they trying to secure?
Senate elections are generally _____than house elections
The positive electoral effect of a popular president on congressional candidates of the president's party is called the ____
Right to work laws generally work against
When you vote in Texas, you are voting by
In the responsible party model, elected officials are expected to do what?
attempt to enact party platform
Pluralism is based on the idea that, in a democracy,________
diverse interests balance each other
An election system in which one person is elected to represent the people living within one geographic district is a______
singel member district
When Texas had only one party, political disagreement was channeled through____in the Democratic Party
Following the political realignment that occurred under FDR, the oppositions of ____vs_____began to reshape politics in Texas
The most successful third party in Texas in recent years has been the____
______form the core of the Republican Party in Texas
_____laws are aimed at increasing voter registration
In a Texas state election, what is the limit on individual contributions for most elections?
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