83 terms

The Old Man and the Sea - Vocabulary

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Terms in this set (...)

agua
Spanish for water
albacore
a type of tuna fish
annulled
reduced to nothing
bight
a loop in a rope
bodega
Spanish for a small store or a cafe
bonito
a mackerel-like fish that can grow up to thirty inches in length
bow
the front part of a ship or boat
brisa
Spanish for breeze
buoy
a man-made float or an anchored float used as an aid to navigation or to mark the location of an object
burnished
smooth, polished, made shiny or lustrous especially by rubbing
butt
the blunt end of an object like an oar to a boat
calambre
Spanish for cramp
campeon
Spanish for champion
carapaced
covered by a shell
cartilage
tough connective tissue found in joints in the body
ceding
surrendering possession of
cirrus
wispy, high-altitude clouds
condensed milk
sweetened, slightly evaporated (thickened) milk from a cow
conscientiously
thoughtfully, carefully, meticulously
convulsively
seizure-like, fitfully; spasmodically; agitatedly
cumulus
large clouds, flat at the bottom and fluffy on the top
dentuso
Spanish slang for something or someone with ugly teeth
dorado
Spanish for golden/gilded or dolphin (the fish)
drag
device that slows the forward motion
espuela
Spanish for spur
fathom
a nautical measurement of 6 feet or 1.83 meters from below the surface of the water
filament
very fine threads of fishing line
formalized
having a definite shape
freshening
increasing in strength
furled
wrapped around, rolled up and secured
gaff
a spear used in fishing, a pole with a large hook on one end
garland
a wreath or chain of leaves and flowers
gaunt
excessively thin and bony, starved looking; bare, barren
gelatinous
having a jelly-like consistency
grippe
respiratory influence, the flu illness
gunwale
the top planking on a wooden ship, boat, vessel
hueso
Spanish for bone
hull
the body of a ship or boat., frame of a ship, excluding masts, sails, and rigging
iridescent
shining with a display of rainbow colors
jota
Spanish name for the letter "j"
juego
Spanish for the word game
kerosene
thin oil burned for heating, cooking, or lighting a lamp
leader
a short length of string or wire that connects the hook to the fishing line
leprous
from "leprosy", a disease characterized by ulcers of the skin
longitudinally
vertically from top to bottom or from north to south
mala
Spanish for bad
malignancy
desire to cause harm or injury, malice, ill will
maw
mouth or the jaws or throat of a voracious animal
mutilated
irreparably damaged or maimed
myriad
a great number, quantity, or multitude
mysticism
belief in something spiritual, beyond normal human understanding or experience
nauseated
feeling sick to one's stomach, characterized by the urge to vomit
norther
a sudden cold storm from the north
oakum
a fiber used for caulking seams in ships
phosphorescent
glowing but not producing heat
pivoted
turned as though on an axis
plummet
a hanging weight, also known as a plum bob
prism
a transparent body that refracts a beam of light making rainbow colors
proprietor
an owner of a business
ptomaine
a poisonous compound found in decaying animal tissue
quartering
covering an area of ground by going over it in a back-and-forth manner
que va
an idiomatic Spanish phrase meaning not at all
rapier
a straight, two-edged narrow sword, dagger, or knife
rigor mortis
stiffening of the muscles after death, Latin for stiffness of death
roadsteads
places where ships and boats can anchor, less protected than a harbor
salao
Spanish for jinxed or cursed with bad luck
scavenger
an animal that feeds on dead or decaying matter
scythe
implement for mowing or reaping that consists of a long handle and a long curve-shaped blade
shank
the straight part of a hook, the part of the instrument between the handle and the working end
sheet
a nautical term for a rope
shingle
a pebbled beach
shoal
a shallow place in the water that causes difficulty in navigation at sea; a sandbar
skiff
a small, flat-bottomed boat
smacks
fishing boats used to transport a fisherman's catch
sounds
dive down suddenly
spoon
a type of fishing lure shaped like a spoon
sustenance
food, something that provides nourishment; food needed to live
tentative
uncertain or unsure
tern
a type of seabird that resembles a seagull
thole pins
small pegs set in pairs on the gunwale to keep oars and paddles in place on a boat
thwart
a seat in a small boat
tiburon
Spanish word for shark
tiller
the lever that turns the rudder to steer a boat

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