605 terms

SSAT and ISEE Upper Level Vocabulary (2017-2018)*

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Terms in this set (...)

abandon (v.)
: to leave and never return to (someone who needs protection or help) : to leave and never return to (something) : to leave (a place) because of danger
abandon (n.)
: a feeling of attitude of wild or complete freedom
abbreviation (n.)
: a shortened form of a word or name that is used in place of the full word or name
abdicate (v.)
: to leave the position of being a king or queen : to fail to do what is required by (a duty or responsibility)
abhor (v.)
: to dislike (someone or something) very much
abrupt (adj.)
: very sudden and not expected : talking to other people in a very brief and unfriendly way : rudely brief
abundant (adj.)
: existing or occurring in large amounts
abyss (n.)
: a hole so deep or a space so great that it cannot be measured
acclaimed (v.)
: (someone or something) praised in a very strong and enthusiastic way
accord (v.)
: to be in agreement or harmony : to make agree or correspond : to give (something, such as special treatment or status) to someone or something :
accord (n.)
: a formal or official agreement : a situation or state in which people or things agree
acknowledge (v.)
: to say that you accept or do not deny the truth or existence of (something) : to regard or describe (someone or something) as having or deserving a particular status : to tell or show someone that something (such as a letter or message) has been received
adamant (adj.)
: not willing to change an opinion or decision : very determined
acute (adj.)
: very serious or dangerous : requiring serious attention or action : having or showing an ability to think clearly and to understand what is not obvious or simple about something : very strong and sensitive : highly developed
adamant (n.)
: a stone (as a diamond) formerly believed to be of impenetrable hardness : an unbreakable or extremely hard substance
adapt (v.)
: to change your behavior so that it is easier to live in a particular place or situation : to change (something) so that it functions better or is better suited for a purpose : to change (a movie, book, play, etc.) so that it can be presented in another form
adept (n.)
: a highly skilled or well-trained person : someone who is adept at something
adept (adj.)
: very good at doing something that is not easy
adhesive (adj.)
: designed to stick to something
adhesive (n.)
: a substance (such as glue or cement) that is used to make things stick together
admire (v.)
: to feel respect or approval for (someone or something) : to look at (something or someone) with enjoyment
admonish (v.)
: to speak to (someone) in a way that expresses disapproval or criticism : to tell or urge (someone) to do something.
adversary (n.)
: an enemy or opponent
adversary (adj.)
: of, relating to, or involving an enemy or adversary : having or involving antagonistic parties or opposing interests
affiliation (n.)
: the act or state of being affiliated or associated - to closely connect (someone or yourself) with or to something (such as a program or organization) as a member or partner : having a close relationship to
agenda (n.)
: a list of things to be considered or done : a plan or goal that guides someone's behavior and that is often kept secret
aggrandize (v.)
: to make great or greater : increase, enlarge : to make appear great or greater : praise highly : to enhance the power, wealth, position, or reputation of
aggravate (v.)
: to make (an injury, problem, etc.) more serious or severe : to make (someone) angry : to annoy or bother (someone)
aggregate (adj.)
: formed by adding together two or more amounts or things
aggregate (v.)
: to join or combine into a single group : to equal a specified number or amount
aggregate (n.)
: a total amount
agile (adj.)
: able to move quickly and easily : quick, smart, and clever
ail (v.)
: to cause pain or trouble for (someone) : to suffer bad health
ail (n.)
: ailment
aimless (adj.)
: drifting : continually changing especially as from one abode or occupation to another
akin (adj.)
: similar or related
alarmed (v.)
: caused (someone) to feel a sense of danger : worried or frightened (someone)
allege (v.)
: to state without definite proof that someone has done something wrong or illegal
aloof (adv.)
: at a distance
aloof (adj.)
: not involved with or friendly toward other people : not involved in or influenced by something
alter (v.)
: to change (something) : to make a change to (a piece of clothing) so that it will fit better : to remove the sex organs of (an animal) so that the animal is unable to reproduce
altruism (n.)
: feelings and behavior that show a desire to help other people and a lack of selfishness
ambiguous (adj.)
: able to be understood in more than one way : having more than one possible meaning : not expressed or understood clearly
ambivalent (adj.)
: uncertain or unable to decide about what course to follow
ameliorate (v.)
: to make (something, such as a problem) better, less painful, etc
amiable (adj.)
: friendly and pleasant
amorphous (adj.)
: having no definite or clear shape or form
analyze (v.)
: to study (something) closely and carefully : to learn the nature and relationship of the parts of (something) by close and careful examination
ancient (n. 1)
: an aged living being : a person who lived in ancient times : the civilized people of antiquity : the civilized people of antiquity especially : those of the classical nations
ancient (n. 2)
: ensign, standard, flag : the bearer of an ensign
ancient (adj.)
: very old : having lived or existed for a very long time : of, coming from, or belonging to a time that was long ago in the past
androgynous (adj.)
: having both male and female characteristics or qualities : suitable for both men and women
anguish (n.)
: extreme suffering, grief, or pain
anguish (v.)
: to suffer anguish : to cause to suffer anguish
animosity (n.)
: a strong feeling of dislike or hatred
annex (v.)
: to add (an area or region) to a country, state, etc. : to take control of (a territory or place).
annex (n.)
: a building that is attached to or near a larger building and usually used as part of it : a section or statement added at the end of a document
antagonistic (adj.)
: showing dislike or opposition : showing antagonism
antipathy (n.)
: a strong feeling of dislike
anxious (adj.)
: afraid or nervous especially about what may happen : feeling anxiety : causing or showing fear or nervousness : wanting or eager to do or have something very much especially because of fear or nervousness
apprehension (n.)
: suspicion or fear of future trouble : the act or power of perceiving or comprehending : the result of apprehending mentally : conception : seizure by legal process : arrest
approximate (adj.)
: almost correct or exact : close in value or amount but not precise
approximate (v.)
: to do or make a thing that is very similar to but not exactly like (something) : to calculate the almost exact value or position of (something)
arbitrary (adj.)
: not planned or chosen for a particular reason : not based on reason or evidence : done without concern for what is fair or right
arid (adj.)
: very dry : having very little rain or water : lacking in interest and life
ascertain (v.)
: to learn or find out (something such as information or the truth)
aspect (n.)
: a part of something : the way a person, place, or thing appears : the direction that something (such as a room or building) faces or points towards
aspiration (n.)
: a strong desire, goal or longing : a drawing of something in, out, up, or through by or as if by suction : the act of breathing and especially of breathing in
assail (v.)
: to attack or criticize (someone or something) in a violent or angry way
assent (v.)
: to agree to or approve of something (such as an idea or suggestion) especially after carefully thinking about it
assent (n.)
: an act of agreeing to something especially after thoughtful consideration : an act of agreeing : acquiescence, agreement
assert (v.)
: to state (something) in a strong and definite way : to demand that other people accept or respect (something)
assess (v.)
: to make a judgement about (something) : to officially say what the amount, value, or rate of (something) is : to tax or charge (someone or something) : to require (a person, business, etc.) to pay a particular amount of money
assured (adj.)
: sure or certain to happen : very confident : sure that something is certain or true
astonish (v.)
: to cause a feeling of great wonder or surprise in (someone)
austere (adj.)
: simple or plain : not fancy of a person : having a serious and unfriendly quality : having few pleasures : simple and harsh
astute (adj.)
: having or showing an ability to notice and understand things clearly : mentally sharp or clever
audible (adj.)
: heard or able to be heard
auspicious (adj.)
: showing or suggesting that future success is likely
authentic (adj.)
: real or genuine : not copied or false : true and accurate : made to be or look just like an original
authoritative (adj.)
: having or showing impressive knowledge about a subject : having the confident quality of someone who is respected or obeyed by other people
banal (adj.)
: boring or ordinary : not interesting
barrage (n.)
: a vigorous or rapid outpouring or projection of many things at once : artillery fire laid on a line close to friendly troops to screen and protect them : a dam placed in a watercourse to increase the depth of water or to divert it into a channel for navigation or irrigation
barrage (v.)
: to cause (someone) to receive a great amount of something : to direct a barrage of questions, comments, etc., at (someone)
barren (adj.)
: having very few plants : not suitable for plants : not producing fruit or not able to produce fruit : of a woman or female animal : not able to produce children or offspring.
barren (n.)
: an extent of usually level land having an inferior growth of trees or little vegetation : a tract of land with inferior growth
barrier (n.)
: something (such as a fence or natural obstacle) that prevents or blocks movement from one place to another : a law, rule, problem, etc., that makes something difficult or impossible : something that makes it difficult for people to understand each other
bashful (adj.)
: nervous or uncomfortable in social situations : afraid to talk to people because of a lack of confidence
bastion (n.)
: a place or system in which something (such as an old-fashioned idea) continues to survive
belligerent (adj.)
: angry and aggressive : feeling or showing readiness to fight : fighting a war : engaged in a war
bemoan (v.)
: to say that you are unhappy about (something) : to complain about (something)
benevolent (adj.)
: kind and generous : organized to do good things for other people
benign (medical) (adj.)
: not causing death or serious injury : without cancer : not cancerous : not causing harm or damage
benign (adj.)
: pleasant and beneficial in nature or influence : kindness of disposition or manner
bequest (n.)
: the property or money that you promise in your will to give to another person or organization after you die
betray (v.)
: to give information about (a person, group, or country, etc.) to an enemy : to hurt (someone who trusts you, such as a friend or relative) by not giving help or doing something morally wrong : to show (something, such as a feeling or desire) without wanting or trying to
bewilder (v.)
: to confuse (someone) very much
biased (adj.)
: having or showing an unfair tendency to believe that some people, ideas, etc., are better than others
blatant (adj.)
: very obvious and offensive
blunt (adj.)
: having a thick edge or point : not sharp : saying or expressing something in a very direct way that may upset some people
blunt (v.)
: to make (something) less sharp
bombastic (adj.)
: marked by or given to bombast : pompous, overblown, pretentious
brash (adj.)
: confident and aggressive in usually a rude, tactless or unpleasant way : very strong or harsh
brazen (adj.)
: acting or done in a very open and shocking way without shame or embarrassment
brittle (adj.)
: easily broken or cracked : not strong : easily damaged : sharp in sound
candid (adj.)
: expressing opinions and feelings in an honest and sincere way
candid (photography) (adj.)
: showing people acting in a natural way because they do not know that they are being photographed
capricious (adj.)
: changing often and quickly; especially : often changing suddenly in mood or behavior : not logical or reasonable : based on an idea, desire, etc., that is not possible to predict
cascade (n.)
: a small, steep waterfall; especially : one that is part of a series of waterfalls : a large amount of something that flows or hangs down : a large number of things that happen quickly in a series
cater (v.)
: to provide food and drinks at a party, meeting, etc., especially as a job : to provide what is desired or amuses, gives comfort, etc. to please a certain person/group
cautious (adj.)
: careful about avoiding danger or risk
chagrin (n.)
: a feeling of being frustrated or annoyed because of failure, disappointment or humiliation
censor (v.)
: to examine books, movies, letters, etc., in order to remove things that are considered to be offensive, immoral, harmful to society, etc
chasm (n.)
: a deep hole or opening in the surface of the earth: a major division, separation, or difference between two people, groups, etc
chronic (medical) (adj.)
: continuing or occurring again and again for a long time
chronic (adj.)
: happening or existing frequently or most of the time: always or often doing something specified
chronicle (n.)
: a description of events in the order that they happened
chronicle (v.)
: to describe a series of events in the order that they happened
coalesce (v.)
: to come together or bring together to form one group or mass
coerce (v.)
: to make (someone) do something by using force or threats: to get (something) by using force or threats
commodities (n.)
: things that are bought and sold: something or someone that is useful or valued
compassion (n.)
: a feeling of wanting to help someone who is sick, hungry, in trouble, etc
compel (v.)
: to force (someone) to do something: to make (something) happen: to force (something)
competent (adj.)
: having the necessary ability or skills: able to do something well or well enough to meet a standard
composure (n.)
: calmness especially of mind, manner, or appearance
comprehensive (adj.)
: including many, most, or all things
conceal (v.)
: to hide (something or someone) from sight: to keep (something) secret
concise (adj.)
: expressing much using few words: not including extra or unnecessary information
condemn (v.)
: to say in a strong and definite way that someone or something is bad or wrong: to give (someone) a usually severe punishment: to cause (someone) to suffer or live in difficult or unpleasant conditions
condescending (adj.)
: showing that you believe you are more intelligent or better than other people
condone (v.)
: to forgive or approve (something that is considered wrong) : to allow (something that is considered wrong) to continue
confer (v.)
: to discuss something important in order to make a decision: to give (something, such as a degree, award, title, right, etc.) to someone or something
confine (n.)
: something (as borders or walls) that encloses also: something that restrains: scope: restriction
confine (v.)
:to keep (someone or something) within limits: to prevent (someone or something) from going beyond a particular limit, area, etc.: to keep (a person or animal) in a place (such as a prison): to force or cause (someone) to stay in something (such as in bed or wheelchair)
conform (v.)
: to be similar to or the same as something: to obey or agree with something: to do what other people do: to behave in a way that is accepted by most people
confound (v.)
: to surprise and confuse (someone or something)
congenial (adj.)
: suitable or appropriate: pleasant and enjoyable: very friendly
conniving (v.)
: to cooperate secretly : to secretly help someone do something dishonest or illegal
consensus (n.)
: a general agreement about something: an idea or opinion that is shared by all the people in a group
conspicuous (adj.)
: very easy to see or notice: attracting attention by being great or impressive
consume (v.)
: to eat or drink (something): to use (fuel, time, resources, etc.): to destroy (something) with fire
contemplation (n.)
:the act of thinking deeply about something: the act of looking carefully at something
contented (adj.)
: happy and satisfied: showing or feeling contentment
contradiction (n.)
: the act of saying something that is opposite or very different in meaning to something else: a difference or disagreement between two things which means that both cannot be true
contrite (adj.)
: feeling or showing regret for bad behavior
controversial (adj.)
: relating to or causing much discussion , disagreement, or argument : likely to produce controversy
conventional (adj.)
: used and accepted by most people: usual or traditional: of a kind that has been around for a long time and is considered to be usual or typical: common and ordinary: not unusual
cordial (adj.)
: politely pleasant and friendly
cordial (n.)
: a sweet alcoholic drink: a drink of heavy fruit juice that is mixed with water
corpulent (adj.)
: large or bulky of body : fat
counsel (n.)
: advice given to someone
counsel (v.)
: to give advice to (someone): to listen to and give support or advice to (someone) especially as a job: to suggest or recommend (something)
counsel (law) (n.)
: a lawyer who represents a person or group in a court of law
counterfeit (adj.)
: made to look like an exact copy of something in order to trick people
counterfeit (n.)
: something that is made to look like an exact copy of something else in order to trick people
credible (adj.)
: able to be believed: reasonable to trust or believe
creed (n.)
: a statement of the basic beliefs of a religion: an idea or set of beliefs that guides the actions of a person or group
crucial (adj.)
: extremely important
cunning (adj.)
: getting what is wanted in a clever and often deceptive way
cunning (n.)
: cleverness or skill especially at tricking people in order to get something
dawdle (v.)
: to waste time : to move or act too slowly
debate (n.)
: a discussion between people in which they express different opinions about something
debt (n.)
: an amount of money that you owe to a person, bank, company, etc.: the state of owing money to someone or something: the fact that you have been influenced or helped by someone or something
deceive (v.)
: to make (someone) believe something that is not true
decline (v.)
: to become lower in amount or less in number: to become worse in condition or quality: to say that you will not or cannot do something
decree (n.)
: an official order given by a person with power or by a government: an official decision made by a court of law
decree (v.)
: to order or decide (something) in an official way
decline (n.)
: the process of becoming worse in condition or quality: a change to a lower number or amount
defensive (adj.)
: defending or protecting someone or something from attack: helping to keep a person or thing safe: behaving in a way that shows that you feel people are criticizing you
defiant (adj.)
: refusing to obey something or someone: full of defiance
deficient (adj.)
: not having enough of something that is important or necessary: not good enough: not as good as others
deft (adj.)
: skillful and clever : able to do something quickly and accurately
dejection (n.)
: sadness that is caused by failure, loss, etc
deliberate (v.)
: to think about or discuss something very carefully in order to make a decision
deliberate (adj.)
: done or said in a way that is planned or intended : done or said on purpose : done or decided after careful thought : slow and careful
delicate (adj.)
: easily broken or damaged : easily injured, hurt, or made sick : attractive and made up of small or fine parts
depict (v.)
: to show (someone or something) in a picture, painting, photograph, etc. : to describe (someone or something) using words, a story, etc
despair (v.)
: to no longer have any hope or belief that a situation will improve or change
despair (n.)
: the feeling of no longer having any hope
desolate (adj.)
: lacking people, plants, animals, etc., that make people feel welcome in a place : very sad and lonely especially because someone you love has died or left
detest (v.)
: to dislike (someone or something) very strongly
detrimental (adj.)
: causing damage, injury or harm
deviate (v.)
: to turn aside, as from a route or way : to depart or swerve from a procedure, course of action or acceptable norm or standard of behaviour : to go in a different direction from current line of thinking
devotion (n.)
: a feeling of strong love or loyalty : the quality of being devoted : the use of time, money, energy, etc., for a particular purpose : prayer, worship, or other religious activities that are done in private rather than in a religious service
dignity (n.)
: a way of appearing or behaving that suggests seriousness and self-control : the quality of being worthy of honor or respect
dilute (v.)
: to make (a liquid) thinner or less strong by adding water or another liquid : to lessen the strength of (something)
differentiate (v.)
: to make (someone or something) different in some way : to see or state the difference or differences between two or more things
disavow (v.)
: to say that you are not responsible for (something) : to deny that you know about or are involved in (something)
discreet (adj.)
: not likely to be seen or noticed by many people
disgraced (adj.)
: ashamed : to have lost or become unworthy of respect or approval
dismayed (v.)
: to feel very worried, disappointed, or upset
dispel (v.)
: to make (something, such as a belief, feeling, or idea) go away or end
disparage (v.)
: to describe (someone or something) as unimportant, weak, bad, etc
disperse (v.)
: to go or move in different directions : to spread apart
display (v.)
: to put (something) where people can see it : to show that you have (an emotion, quality, skill, etc.)
disputed (adj.)
: (something) shown to may not be true, correct, or legal : (something) that is argued about : (something) that is fought for in order for (someone) to take control of it
dissect (v.)
: to cut (a plant or dead animal) into separate parts in order to study it : to study or examine (something) closely and carefully : to divide (something) into parts
distasteful (adj.)
: not pleasant or enjoyable : morally offensive
distort (v.)
: to change the natural, normal, or original shape, appearance, or sound of (something) in a way that is usually not attractive or pleasing : to change (something) in a way that is usually not attractive or pleasing : to change (something) so that it is no longer true or accurate
diversity (n.)
: the quality or state of having many different forms, types, ideas, etc. : the state of having people who are different races or who have different cultures in a group or organization
docile (adj.)
: easily taught, led, or controlled
domestic (adj.)
: of, relating to, or made in your own country : relating to or involving someone's home or family : relating to work (such as cooking and cleaning) that is done in a person's home
dominate (v.)
: to have control of or power over (someone or something) : to be the most important part of (something) : to be much more powerful or successful than others in a game, competition, etc
dormant (adj.)
: not doing anything at this time : not active but able to become active
doubtful (adj.)
: uncertain or unsure about something : not likely to be true : not probable : likely to be bad : not worthy of trust
drastic (adj.)
: extreme in effect or action : severe or serious
dread (v.)
: to fear something that will or might happen
dread (n.)
: a strong feeling of fear about something that will or might happen : a person or thing that causes fear
drenched (adj.)
: completely wet
dubious (adj.)
: unsure or uncertain : causing doubt, uncertainty, or suspicion : likely to be bad or wrong - used ironically in phrases like and to describe something bad or undesirable as if it were an honor or achievement
debate (v.)
: to discuss (something) with people whose opinions are different from your own: to compete against (someone) in a debate: to argue against another person's opinions as part of an organized event: to think about (something) in order to decide what to do
duration (n.)
: the length of time that something exists or lasts
eager (adj.)
: very excited and interested : feeling a strong and impatient desire to do something or for something
economize (v.)
: to use money, resources, etc., carefully
egotist (n.)
: a conceited and self-centered person
egress (n.)
: a way to get out of a place or the act of leaving a place
egress (v.)
: to go or come out
elegant (adj.)
: showing good taste : graceful and attractive : simple and clever
elegy (n.)
: a sad poem or song : a poem or song that expresses sorrow for someone who is dead
elongate (v.)
: to make (something) longer or to grow longer
eloquent (adj.)
: having or showing the ability to use language clearly and effectively : clearly showing feeling or meaning
embodiment (n.)
: someone or something that is a perfect representative or example of a quality, idea, etc
embryonic (adj.)
: of or relating to an embryo : in an early or undeveloped stage
emphasize (v.)
: to place emphasis on : stress as being important or so as to stand out
endeavor (v.)
: to make an effort : try : to work for a particular goal or result
enigma (n.)
: something hard to understand or explain
entrust (v.)
: to give someone the responsibility of doing something or of caring for someone or something
envy (n.)
: the feeling of wanting to have what someone else has : someone or something that causes that feeling
ephemeral (adj.)
: lasting a very short time
epitome (n.)
: a perfect example : an example that represents or expresses something very well
equity (n.)
: fairness or justice in the way people are treated : a share in a company : a share of a company's stock
equivalent (adj.)
: having the same value, use, meaning, etc
eradicate (v.)
: to remove (something) completely : to eliminate or destroy (something harmful)
erratic (adj.)
: acting, moving, or changing in ways that are not expected or usual : not consistent or regular
esoteric (adj.)
: only taught to or understood by members of a special group : hard to understand : limited to a small number of people
essential (adj.)
: extremely important and necessary : very basic
esteem (n.)
: respect and affection
euphemism (n.)
: a mild or pleasant word or phrase that is used instead of one that is unpleasant or offensive
evacuate (v.)
: to remove (someone) from a dangerous place : to leave (a dangerous place)
exalt (v.)
: to raise (someone or something) to a higher level : to praise (someone or something) highly : to present (something) in a way that is very favorable or too favorable
evade (v.)
: to stay away from (someone or something) : to avoid (someone or something) : to avoid dealing with or facing (something) : to avoid doing (something required)
exasperate (v.)
: to make (someone) very angry or annoyed
excavate (v.)
: to uncover (something) by digging away and removing the earth that covers it : to dig a large hole in (something) : to form (a hole, tunnel, etc.) by digging
excel (v.)
: to be better than others : to be or do better than (others)
exemplify (v.)
: to be a very good example of (something) : to show (something) very clearly
exhilarating (adj.)
: Enlivening, invigorating, exciting; something that makes (someone) cheerful or happy
exile (n.)
: a situation in which you are forced to leave your country or home and go to live in a foreign country : a period of time during which someone has lived as such : a person who has been forced to live in a foreign country: one who lives under such conditions
exquisite (adj.)
: finely done or made : very beautiful or delicate : very sensitive or fine : extreme or intense
fatigue (n.)
: the state of being very tired : extreme weariness : the uniform that soldiers wear when they are doing physical work : the tendency of a material (such as metal) to break after being bent or moved many times
feasible (adj.)
: possible to do or carry out
feeble (adj.)
: very weak : not good enough : not successful or effective
feign (v.)
: to pretend to feel or be affected by (something)
fickle (adj.)
: changing often : changing opinions often
flaccid (adj.)
: not firm : not hard or solid : lacking strength or force
fleeting (adj.)
: not lasting : lasting for only a short time
envy (v.)
: to feel a desire to have what someone else has : to feel this desire because of (someone or something)
equity (finance) (n.)
: the value of a piece of property (such as a house) after any debts that remain to be paid for it (such as the amount of a mortgage) have been subtracted
essential (n.)
: something that is basic or necessary
esteem (v.)
: to think very highly or favorably of (someone or something)
exile (v.)
: to force (someone) to go to live in a distant place or foreign country
fatigue (v.)
: to make (someone) tired
flatter (v.)
: to praise (someone) in a way that is not sincere : to cause (someone) to feel pleased by showing respect, affection, or admiration : to show or describe (someone or something) in a way that is very favorable or too favorable
endeavor (n.)
: a serious effort or attempt
flotsam (n.)
: floating pieces, parts, etc., from a ship that has been wrecked
flourish (v.)
: to grow well : to be very successful : to do very well : to hold up and show (something) in an excited and proud way
flourish (n.)
: something that is added as a detail or decoration : a dramatic or fancy way of doing something : a sudden smooth movement that is likely to be noticed
fluctuate (v.)
: to change level, strength, or value frequently
foolhardy (adj.)
: foolishly doing things that are too dangerous or risky
foreseen (v.)
: to have seen or become aware of (something that had not yet happened)
formulate (v.)
: to create, invent, or produce (something) by careful thought and effort
fortunate (adj.)
: having good luck : enjoying good fortune : coming or happening because of good luck
foster (v.)
: to help (something) grow or develop : to provide the care that a parent usually gives to a child : to be or become the foster parent of a child
fragile (adj.)
: easily broken or damaged : very delicate : not strong
frank (adj.)
: used to say that someone is speaking or writing in a very direct and honest way
frugal (adj.)
: careful about spending money or using things when you do not need to : using money or supplies in a very careful way : simple and plain
fundamental (adj.)
: forming or relating to the most important part of something : of or relating to the basic structure or function of something
furious (adj.)
: very angry : very powerful or violent : very active or fast
gap (n.)
: a space between two people or things : a hole or space where something is missing : a missing part
genial (adj. 1)
: warmly and pleasantly cheerful
generous (adj.)
: freely giving or sharing money and other valuable things : providing more than the amount that is needed or normal : abundant or ample : showing kindness and concern for others
genuine (adj.)
: actual, real, or true : not false or fake : sincere and honest
germane (adj.)
: relating to a subject in an appropriate way
glean (v.)
: to gather or collect (something) in a gradual way : to search (something) carefully : to gather grain or other material that is left after the main crop has been gathered.
glint (n.)
: a small flash of light : a small amount of emotion seen in a person's eyes
graceful (adj.)
: moving in a smooth and attractive way : having a smooth and pleasing shape or style : polite or kind
gratified (v.)
: having received what was desired; satisfied
grievances (n.)
:feelings of having been treated unfairly : reasons for complaining or being unhappy with a situation : statements in which you say you are unhappy or not satisfied with something
gullible (adj.)
: easily fooled or cheated; especially : quick to believe something that is not true
haphazard (adj.)
: having no plan, order, or direction : characterized by a lack of order or planning : random
hardship (n.)
: pain and suffering : something that causes pain, suffering, or loss
hasten (v.)
: to cause (something) to happen more quickly : to move or act quickly
haughty (adj.)
: having or showing the insulting attitude of people who think that they are better, smarter, or more important than other people
hazard (n.)
: a source of danger
hazard (v.)
: to risk losing (something, such as money) in an attempt to get, win, or achieve something : to offer (something, such as a guess or an opinion) even though you may be wrong
hesitate (v.)
: to stop briefly before you do something especially because you are nervous or unsure about what to do : to be unwilling to do something because of doubt or uncertainty
hideous (adj.)
: very ugly or disgusting
hinder (v.)
: to make (something, such as a task or action) slow or difficult
forge (v. 1)
: to form (as metal) by heating and hammering : to form (metal) by a mechanical or hydraulic press with or without heat : to make or imitate falsely especially with intent to defraud : counterfeit
forge (v. 2)
: to move forward slowly and steadily <the ship forged ahead through heavy seas : to move with a sudden increase of speed and power
hoard (v.)
: to collect and hide a large amount of (something valuable)
homely (adj.)
: not pretty or handsome : plain or unattractive : plain and simple in an appealing or pleasant way
ignoble (adj.)
: not deserving respect : not noble or honorable
illuminate (v.)
: to supply (something) with light : to shine light on (something) : to make (something) clear and easier to understand
illustrate (v.)
: to give examples in order to make (something) easier to understand : to be proof or evidence of (something) : to explain or decorate a story, book, etc., with pictures
immaculate (adj.)
: perfectly clean : having no flaw or error
impasse (n.)
: a situation in which no progress seems possible
imply (v.)
: to express (something) in an indirect way : to suggest (something) without saying or showing it plainly : to include or involve (something) as a natural or necessary part or result
impulsive (adj.)
: doing things or tending to do things suddenly and without careful thought : acting or tending to act on impulse : done suddenly and without planning : resulting from a sudden impulse
inane (adj.)
: very silly or stupid
incident (n.)
: an unexpected and usually unpleasant thing that happens : an event or disagreement that is likely to cause serious problems in relations between countries
incidental (adj.)
: happening as a minor part or result of something else
incision (n.)
: a cut made in something; especially medical : a cut made into the body during surgery
incisive (adj.)
: very clear and direct : able to explain difficult ideas clearly and confidently
incite (v.)
: to stir, encourage or urge on; stimulate or prompt to action
indifferent (adj.)
: not interested in or concerned about something : neither good nor bad
indignant (adj.)
: feeling or showing anger because of something that is unfair or wrong : very angry
infiltrate (v.)
: to secretly enter or join (something, such as a group or an organization) in order to get information or do harm : to cause (someone) to secretly enter or join a group, organization, etc. : to pass into or through (something)
ingenuity (n.)
: skill or cleverness that allows someone to solve problems, invent things, etc. : a clever device or method
ingress (n.)
: a way to enter a place or the act of entering a place
inhabit (v.)
: to live in (a place) : to have a home in (a place) : to be present in (something)
initial (adj.)
: occurring at the beginning of something
innate (adj.)
: existing from the time a person or animal is born : existing as part of the basic nature of something
innocuous (adj.)
: not likely to bother or offend anyone : causing no injury
innovate (v.)
: to do something in a new way : to have new ideas about how something can be done
inquiry (n.)
: a request for information : an official effort to collect and examine information about something : the act of asking questions in order to gather or collect information
insight (n.)
: the ability to understand people and situations in a very clear way : an understanding of the true nature of something
insinuate (v.)
: to say (something, especially something bad or insulting) in an indirect way : to gradually make (yourself) a part of a group, a person's life, etc., often by behaving in a dishonest way
insipid (adj.)
: not interesting or exciting : dull or boring : lacking strong flavor
insolent (adj.)
: rude or impolite : having or showing a lack of respect for other people
integrity (n.)
: the quality of being honest and fair : the state of being complete or whole
intermission (n.)
: a short break between the parts of a performance (such as a play, movie, or concert)
integrate (v.)
: to combine (two or more things) to form or create something : to make (something) a part of another larger thing : to make (a person or group) part of a larger group or organization
intricate (adj.)
: having many parts
inundate (v.)
: to cause (someone or something) to receive or take in a large amount of things at the same time : to cover (something) with a flood of water
invoke (v.)
: to mention (someone or something) in an attempt to make people feel a certain way or have a certain idea in their mind : to refer to (something) in support of your ideas : to make use of (a law, a right, etc.)
irate (adj.)
: very angry
jeer (v.)
: to shout insulting words at someone : to laugh at or criticize someone in a loud and angry way
jest (n.)
: something said or done to cause laughter
jubilant (adj.)
: feeling or expressing great joy : very happy
justify (v.)
: to provide or be a good reason for (something) : to prove or show (something) to be just, right, or reasonable : to provide a good reason for the actions of (someone) : to position (text) so that the edges form a straight line
keen (adj.)
: having or showing an ability to think clearly and to understand what is not obvious or simple about something : very strong and sensitive : highly developed : very excited about and interested in something
kinetic (adj.)
: of or relating to the movement of physical objects
laudatory (adj.)
: expressing or containing praise
lavish (adj.)
: giving or using a large amount of something : given in large amounts : having a very rich and expensive quality
legacy (n.)
: something (such as property or money) that is received from someone who has died : something that happened in the past or that comes from someone in the past
lament (v.)
: to express sorrow, regret, or unhappiness about something
lament (n.)
: an expression of sorrow; especially : a song or poem that expresses sorrow for someone who has died or something that is gone
legend (n.)
: a story from the past that is believed by many people but cannot be proved to be true : a famous or important person who is known for doing something extremely well : a list that explains the symbols on a map
legitimate (adj.)
: allowed according to rules or laws : real, accepted, or official : fair or reasonable
legitimate (v.)
: to make (something) real, accepted, or official : to show that (something or someone) is fair or reasonable
lenient (adj.)
: allowing a lot of freedom and not punishing bad behavior in a strong way : not harsh, severe, or strict
liberate (v.)
: to free (someone or something) from being controlled by another person, group, etc. : to give freedom or more freedom to (someone) : to take or steal (something)
limber (n.)
: a two-wheeled vehicle to which a gun or caisson may be attached
limber (adj.)
: bending easily
linger (v.)
: to stay somewhere beyond the usual or expected time : to continue to exist as time passes : to remain alive while becoming weaker
lofty (adj.)
: rising to a great height : very tall and impressive : very high and good : deserving to be admired : showing the insulting attitude of people who think that they are better, smarter, or more important than other people
lucrative (adj.)
: producing money or wealth
luminous (adj.)
: producing or seeming to produce light : filled with light : brightly lit : very bright in color
lure (n.)
: an appealing or attractive quality : a device used for attracting and catching animals, birds, or especially fish
lure (v.)
: to cause or persuade (a person or an animal) to go somewhere or to do something by offering some pleasure or gain
malicious (adj.)
: having or showing a desire to cause harm to another person : having or showing malice
meager (adj.)
: very small or too small in amount : not having enough of something (such as money or food) for comfort or happiness
meander (v.)
: to have a lot of curves instead of going in a straight or direct line : to follow a winding course : to walk slowly without a specific goal, purpose, or direction : to go from one topic to another without any clear direction
meddle (v.)
: to become involved in the activities and concerns of other people when your involvement is not wanted : to change or handle something in a way that is unwanted or harmful
menace (n.)
: a dangerous or possibly harmful person or thing : someone who causes trouble or annoyance : a dangerous or threatening quality
menace (v.)
: to threaten harm to (someone or something)
mentor (n.)
: someone who teaches or gives help and advice to a less experienced and often younger person
mentor (v.)
: to teach or give advice or guidance to (someone, such as a less experienced person or a child) : to act as a mentor for (someone)
merge (v.)
: to cause (two or more things, such as two companies) to come together and become one thing : to join or unite (one thing) with another : to become joined or united : to change into or become part of something else in a very gradual way
meticulous (adj.)
: very careful about doing something in an extremely accurate and exact way
mimic (v.)
: to copy (someone or someone's behavior or speech) especially for humor : to create the appearance or effect of (something) : to naturally look like (something)
mirage (n.)
: something (such as a pool of water in the middle of a desert) that is seen and appears to be real but that is not actually there : something that you hope for or want but that is not possible or real
misery (n.)
: extreme suffering or unhappiness : something that causes extreme suffering or unhappiness : a very unhappy or painful time or experience
model (adj.)
: deserving to be copied by others : very good or excellent : used to describe something that is a small copy of something larger
modify (v.)
: to change some parts of (something) while not changing other parts
molten (adj.)
: melted by heat
moral (adj.)
: concerning or relating to what is right and wrong in human behavior : based on what you think is right and good : considered right and good by most people : agreeing with a standard of right behavior
moral (n.)
: a lesson that is learned from a story or an experience
morals (n.)
: proper ideas and beliefs about how to behave in a way that is considered right and good by most people
morose (adj.)
of a person : very serious, unhappy, and quiet : very sad or unhappy
muddled (adj.)
: confused and vague; used especially of thinking
mundane (adj.)
: dull and ordinary : relating to ordinary life on earth rather than to spiritual things
mystify (v.)
: to confuse (someone) completely
myth (n.)
: an idea or story that is believed by many people but that is not true : a story that was told in an ancient culture to explain a practice, belief, or natural occurrence : such ancient stories as a group
nag (v.)
: to annoy (someone) by often complaining about his or her behavior, appearance, etc. : to annoy (someone) with repeated questions, requests, or orders : to cause (someone) to feel annoyed or worried for a long period of time
navigate (v.)
: to find the way to get to a place when you are traveling in a ship, airplane, car, etc. : to sail on, over, or through an area of water : to travel on, over, or through (an area or place)
negate (v.)
: to nullify or cause (something) to not be effective : to deny the existence, evidence or truth of something
neglect (v.)
: to fail to take care of or to give attention to (someone or something) : to fail to do (something)
noncommittal (adj.)
: not telling or showing what you think about something : not willing to commit
nostalgic (adj.)
: sentimental or wistful longing for the happiness felt in a former place, time or situation
notorious (adj.)
: well-known or famous especially for something bad
novel (adj.)
: new and different from what has been known before
novel (n.)
: a long written story usually about imaginary characters and events
novice (n.)
: a person who has just started learning or doing something
noxious (adj.)
: harmful to living things
null (n.)
: zero : without value, effect, consequence or significance : being or amounting to nothing
obscure (adj.)
: not well-known : not known to most people : difficult to understand : likely to be understood by only a few people : difficult or impossible to know completely and with certainty
obscure (v.)
: to make (something) difficult to understand or know : to make (something) such: to hide or cover (something) : to be in front of (something) so that it cannot be seen
obstacle (n.)
: something that makes it difficult to do something : an object that you have to go around or over : something that blocks your path
obstinate (adj.)
: refusing to change your behavior or your ideas : difficult to deal with, remove, etc.
obstruct (v.)
: to block (something, such as a pipe or street) so that things cannot move through easily : to slow or block the movement, progress, or action of (something or someone) : to be in front of (something) : to make (something) difficult to see
obtuse (adj.)
: stupid or unintelligent : not able to think clearly or to understand what is obvious or simple
occupy (v.)
: to live in (a house, apartment, etc.) : to fill or be in (a place or space) : to fill or use (an amount of time)
ominous (adj.)
: suggesting that something bad is going to happen in the future
omit (v.)
: to leave out (someone or something) : to not include (someone or something) : to fail to do (something)
onerous (adj.)
: burdensome; involving hardship or difficulty, troublesome
opaque (adj.)
: not letting light through : not transparent : difficult to understand or explain
optimistic (adj.)
: taking a favourable view of events or conditions : expecting the most favourable outcome in a situation : hopeful
opulent (adj.)
: very comfortable and expensive : very wealthy
ostentatious (adj.)
: displaying wealth, knowledge, etc., in a way that is meant to attract attention, admiration, or envy
overbearing (adj.)
: often trying to control the behavior of other people in a controlling or unwanted way
overt (adj.)
: easily seen : not secret or hidden
pacify (v.)
: to cause (someone who is angry or upset) to become calm or quiet : to cause or force (a country, a violent group of people, etc.) to become peaceful
pact (n.)
: a formal agreement between two countries, people, or groups especially to help each other or to stop fighting
palpable (adj.)
: obvious and noticeable
paltry (adj.)
: very small or too small in amount : having little meaning, importance, or worth
parody (n.)
: a piece of writing, music, etc., that imitates the style of someone or something else in an amusing way : a bad or unfair example of something
parsimonious (adj.)
: very unwilling to spend money
particle (n.)
: a very small piece of something : a very small amount of something
partisan (n.)
: a firm adherent to a party, faction, cause, or person; especially a person who shows a biased, emotional allegiance
partisan (adj.)
: of, relating to, or characteristic of a firm adherence to a party, faction, cause or person, especially showing bias
patron (n.)
: a person who gives money and support to an artist, organization, etc. : a person who buys the goods or uses the services of a business, library, etc.
peak (n.)
: the pointed top of a mountain : a tall mountain with a pointed or narrow top : something that looks like a pointed top of a mountain
peak (adj.)
: at the highest point or level : filled with the most activity
peak (v.)
: to reach a maximum (as of capacity, value, or activity) —often used with out : to cause to come to a peak, point, or maximum
permeate (v.)
: to pass or spread through every part of (something) : to be diffused through, pervade, saturate
perpetuate (v.)
: to cause (something) to continue or endure for a longer period of time
perplexed (adj.)
: unable to understand something clearly or to think clearly : bewildered, puzzled
persevere (v.)
: to continue doing something or trying to do something even though it is difficult
persist (v.)
: to continue to do something or to try to do something, especially if it is difficult or other people want you to stop : to continue to occur or exist beyond the usual, expected, or normal time : to be insistent in a statement, request or question
pragmatic (adj.)
: of or related to dealing with a specific situation in a reasonable, logical, practical way : having a practical point of view
precise (adj.)
: very accurate and exact—used to refer to an exact and particular time, location, etc. : very careful and exact about the details of something
predicament (n.)
: a difficult, unpleasant or dangerous situation
prediction (n.)
: a statement about what will happen or might happen in the future : the act of saying what will happen in the future : the act of predicting something
predominate (v.)
: to be more successful or powerful than other people or things : to be greater in number or amount than other types of people or things
prejudiced (adj.)
: having or showing an unfair feeling of dislike for a person or group because of race, sex, religion, etc.
presume (v.)
: to think that (something) is true without knowing that it is true : to accept legally or officially that something is true until it is proved not true : to do (something) that you do not have the right or permission to do
pretentious (adj.)
: having or showing the unpleasant quality of people who want to be regarded as more impressive, successful, or important than they really are
prevalent (adj.)
: common or widespread : of wide extent or occurrence
primary (adj.)
: most important : most basic or essential : happening or coming first
primary (n.)
: an election in which members of the same political party run against each other for the chance to be in a larger and more important election
pristine (adj.)
: in perfect condition : completely clean, fresh, neat, etc. : not changed by people : left in its natural state
prominent (adj.)
: important and well-known : easily noticed or seen : sticking out in a way that is easily seen or noticed
prone (adj.)
: likely to do, have, or suffer from something : lying with the front of your body facing downward
prophesy (v.)
: to state that something will happen in the future
prototype (n.)
: an original or first model of something from which other forms are copied or developed : someone or something that has the typical qualities of a particular group, kind, etc. : a first or early example that is used as a model for what comes later
provoke (v.)
: to cause the occurrence of (a feeling or action) : to make (something) happen : to cause (a person or animal) to become angry, violent, etc.
prudent (adj.)
: having or showing careful good judgment
pungent (adj.)
: having a strong, sharp taste or smell : having a strong effect on the mind because of being clever and direct
puny (adj.)
: small and weak : not very large, impressive, or effective
puzzle (v.)
: to confuse (someone) : to frustrate or make difficult for (someone) to understand; to exercise (oneself, one's brain) over some problem or matter
ratify (v.)
: to make (a treaty, agreement, etc.) official by signing it or voting for it
ravenous (adj.)
: very hungry
recalcitrant (adj.)
: stubbornly refusing to obey rules or orders
reckless (adj.)
: not showing proper concern about the possible bad results of your actions
refute (v.)
: to prove that (something) is not true : to say that (something) is not true
reject (v.)
: to refuse to believe, accept, or consider (something) : to refuse to allow (someone) to join a club, to attend a school, take a job etc.
reject (n.)
: something that is not good enough for some purpose : something that cannot be used or accepted : a person who is not accepted or liked by other people
reluctant (adj.)
: feeling or showing doubt about doing something : not willing or eager to do something
reminisce (v.)
: to talk, think, or write about things that happened in the past
remote (adj.)
: far away : far away from other people, houses, cities, etc. : far away in time : happening a long time ago or far into the future
rendezvous (n.)
: a meeting with someone that is arranged for a particular time and place and that is often secret : a place where people agree to meet at a particular time : a place where many people go to spend time
rendezvous (v.)
: to meet at a particular time and place
renounce (v.)
: to say especially in a formal or official way that you will no longer have or accept (something) : to formally give up (something) : to say in a formal or definite way that you refuse to follow, obey, or support (someone or something) any longer
renown (n.)
: great fame and respect
personify (v.)
: to be the perfect example of a person who has (a quality) : to think of or represent (a thing or idea) as a person or as having human qualities or powers
pervasive (adj.)
: existing in every part of something : spreading to all parts of something
pessimistic (adj.)
: having or showing a lack of hope for the future : expecting bad things to happen
petty (adj.)
: not very important or serious : relating to things that are not very important or serious : having or showing narrow ideas, interests, etc. : committing crimes that are not very serious
pigment (n.)
: a natural substance that gives color to animals and plants : a substance that gives color to something else
pilfer (v.)
: to steal things that are not very valuable or to steal a small amount of something
pinnacle (n.)
: a high mountain top : the best or most important part of something : the point of greatest success or achievement : a tower on the roof of a building that comes to a narrow point at the top
pious (adj.)
: deeply religious : devoted to a particular religion : falsely appearing to be good or moral
placate (v.)
: to cause (someone) to feel less angry about something
plausible (adj.)
: possibly true : believable or realistic
plea (n.)
: a serious and emotional request for something
plight (n.)
: a condition, state or situation, especially an unfortunate, difficult, or precarious situation
plunder (v.)
: to steal things from (a place, such as a city or town) especially by force
plunder (n.)
: the act of stealing things from a place especially by force : the act of plundering something : things that are stolen or taken by force especially during a war
pompous (adj.)
: having or showing the attitude of people who speak and behave in a very formal and serious way because they believe that they are better, smarter, or more important than other people
porous (adj.)
: having small holes that allow air or liquid to pass through : easy to pass or get through
replete (adj.)
: having much or plenty of something : filled with something : having had plenty to eat : pleasantly full
replenish (v.)
: to fill or make (something) complete again
replica (n.)
: an exact or very close copy of something
reprehensible (adj.)
: very bad : deserving very strong criticism
repress (v.)
: to not allow yourself to do or express (something) : to not allow yourself to remember (something, such as an unpleasant event) : to control (someone or something) by force
reprimand (n.)
: a severe or formal rebuke, especially from a person in authority
reprimand (v.)
: to speak in an angry and critical way to (someone who has done something wrong, disobeyed an order, etc.)
reproach (n.)
: an expression of rebuke or disapproval : the act or action of reproaching or disapproving
reproach (v.)
: to speak in an angry and critical way to (someone) : to express disapproval or disappointment to (someone)
repudiate (v.)
: to refuse to accept or support (something) : to reject (something or someone) : to say or show that (something) is not true
repugnant (adj.)
: causing a strong feeling of dislike or disgust
reservations (about something) (n.)
: a feeling of doubt or uncertainty about something
residual (adj.)
: remaining after a process has been completed or something has been removed
resilience (n.)
: the ability to become strong, healthy, or successful again after something bad happens : the ability of something to return to its original shape after it has been pulled, stretched, pressed, bent, etc.
restore (v.)
: to give back (someone or something that was lost or taken) : to return (someone or something) : to put or bring (something) back into existence or use : to return (something) to an earlier or original condition by repairing it, cleaning it, etc.
resume (v.)
: to begin again after stopping : to take (a seat, place, position, etc.) again : to go back to (something)
reticent (adj.)
: not willing to tell people about things, reluctant to speak
reveal (v.)
: to make (something) known : to show or prove that (someone) is a particular type of person : to show (something) plainly or clearly : to make (something that was hidden) able to be seen
revere (v.)
: to have great respect for (someone or something) : to show devotion and honor to (someone or something)
reverent (adj.)
: showing a lot of respect : very respectful
robust (adj.)
: strong and healthy : strongly formed or built : successful or impressive and not likely to fail or weaken
rouse (v.)
: to wake (someone) from sleep : to cause (someone who is tired or not interested) to become active : to cause (an emotional response) in someone
routine (n.)
: a regular way of doing things in a particular order : a boring state or situation in which things are always done the same way : a series of things (such as movements or jokes) that are repeated as part of a performance
routine (adj.)
: done very often : done or happening as a normal part of a job, situation, or process : easily done according to a set way or method
rue (v.)
: to feel sorrow or regret for (something) : to wish that something had never been done
ruminate (v.)
: to think about something over and over again : meditate : ponder
ruse (n.)
: a trick or act that is used to fool someone
rustic (adj.)
: of, relating to, or suitable for the country or people who live in the country : made of rough wood
ruthless (adj.)
: having no pity : cruel or merciless
salvage (v.)
: to remove (something) from a place so that it will not be damaged, destroyed, or lost : to save (something valuable or important) : to prevent the loss of (something)
satire (n.)
: a way of using humor to show that someone or something is foolish, weak, bad, etc. : humor that shows the weaknesses or bad qualities of a person, government, society, etc. : a book, movie, etc., that uses such
savor (n.)
: a good taste or smell : the quality that makes something interesting or enjoyable
savor (v.)
: to enjoy the taste or smell of (something) for as long as possible : to enjoy (something) for a long time
sedate (adj.)
: slow and relaxed : quiet and peaceful
sedate (v.)
: to give (a person or animal) drugs that cause relaxation or sleep
scant (adj.)
: very small in size or amount : scarce
scarce (adj.)
: very small in amount or number : not plentiful
scorn (n.)
: a feeling that someone or something is not worthy of respect or approval : harsh criticism that shows a lack of respect or approval for someone or something
scorn (v.)
: to show that you think (someone or something) is not worthy of respect or approval : to feel or express scorn for (someone or something) : to refuse or reject (someone or something that you do not think is worthy of respect or approval)
seclude (v.)
: to keep (someone) away from other people : isolate, shut off or keep apart
seldom (adv.)
: not often : almost never
seldom (adj.)
: rare, infrequent
sequence (n.)
: the order in which things happen or should happen : a group of things that come one after the other : a part of a movie, television show, etc., that deals with one subject, action, or idea
sequence (v.)
: to arrange in a sequence
shrewd (adj.)
: having or showing an ability to understand things and to make good judgments : mentally sharp or clever
simulate (v.)
: to look, feel, or behave like (something)
sincere (adj.)
: having or showing true feelings that are expressesd in an honest way : genuine or real : not false, fake, or pretended
sinister (adj.)
: having an evil appearance : looking likely to cause something bad, harmful, or dangerous to happen
solemn (adj.)
: very serious or formal in manner, behavior, or expression : sad and serious : done or made sincerely
solitary (adj.)
: without anyone or anything else : not involving or including anyone or anything else : done by a person who is alone : separate from other people or things
somber (adj.)
: very sad and serious : having a dull or dark color
soothe (v.)
: to cause (someone) to be calmer, less angry, etc. : to cause (a part of the body) to feel better : to cause (pain) to go away or become less severe
specific (adj.)
: special or particular : clearly and exactly presented or stated : precise or exact : relating to a particular person, situation, etc.
sporadic (adj.)
: happening at irregular intervals : not constant or steady
speck (n.)
: a very small piece or spot : a very small amount
spirited (adj.)
: full of courage or energy : very lively or determined
spontaneous (adj.)
: done or said in a natural and often sudden way and without a lot of thought or planning : doing things that have not been planned but that seem enjoyable and worth doing at a particular time
stagnate (v.)
: to stop developing, progressing, moving, etc. : to be or become stagnant
stature (n.)
: a person's height : degree or level of development attained
steadfast (adj.)
: very devoted or loyal to a person, belief, or cause : not changing
stringent (adj.)
: very strict or severe
subside (v.)
: to become less strong or intense : to move down to a lower level
succinct (adj.)
: using few words to state or express an idea : concise
sullied (v.)
: damaged or having the good quality of (something) ruined
superb (adj.)
: extremely good : excellent or brilliant in a very noticeable way
superfluous (adj.)
: beyond what is needed : not necessary
suppose (v.)
: to think of (something) as happening or being true in order to imagine what might happen : to believe (something) to be true : to assume (something) as for the sake of argument or part of a proposition or theory
surrogate (n.)
: a person or thing that takes the place or performs the duties of someone or something else
tact (n.)
: the ability to do or say things without offending or upsetting other people : a keen sense of what is appropriate
tangible (adj.)
: easily seen or recognized : able to be touched or felt
taper (n.)
: a slender candle : a long waxed wick used especially for lighting candles, lamps, pipes, or fires
taper (v.)
: to become gradually smaller toward one end
task (n.)
: a piece of work that has been given to someone : a job for someone to do
task (v.)
: to assign (someone) a piece of work : to give (someone) a job to do
taunt (n.)
: a sarcastic challenge or insult
taunt (v.)
: to say sarcastic or insulting things to (someone), mock
tenacious (adj.)
: very determined to do something : not easily stopped or pulled apart : firm or strong : continuing for a long time
terse (adj.)
: brief and direct in a way that may seem rude or unfriendly
testify to (v.)
: to talk and answer questions about something especially in a court of law while formally promising that what you are saying is true : to talk about or say (something) in an honest and confident way : to show that something is true or real : to give proof of something
thrive (v.)
: to grow or develop successfully : to flourish or succeed
thwart (v.)
: to prevent (someone) from doing something or to stop (something) from happening
timid (adj.)
: feeling or showing a lack of courage or confidence
tiresome (adj.)
: causing a person to feel tired, bored or annoyed
toil (n. 1)
: struggle, battle : laborious effort : long strenuous fatiguing labor
toil (v.)
: to work very hard for a long time : to move slowly and with a lot of effort
torment (n.)
: extreme physical or mental pain : something that causes extreme physical or mental pain
torment (v.)
: to cause (someone or something) to feel extreme physical or mental pain
tragedy (n.)
: a very bad event that causes great sadness and often involves someone's death : a very sad, unfortunate, or upsetting situation : something that causes strong feelings of sadness or regret : a play, movie, etc., that is serious and has a sad ending (such as the death of the main character)
trifle (n.)
: something that does not have much value or importance : a small quantity or amount of something
trifle (v.)
: to talk in a jesting or mocking manner or with intent to delude or mislead : to treat someone or something as unimportant : to handle something idly
trite (adj.)
: not interesting or effective because of being used too often : not fresh or original
ultimate (adj.)
: happening or coming at the end of a process, series of events, etc. : greatest or most extreme—used to refer to the original or basic source or cause of something
ultimate (n.)
: fundamental : at the highest point;
uncouth (adj.)
: behaving in a rude way : not polite or socially acceptable
undermine (v.)
: to make (someone or something) weaker or less effective usually in a secret or gradual way
unique (adj.)
something or someone that is unlike anything or anyone else : very special or unusual : belonging to or connected with only one particular thing, place, or person
unruly (adj.)
: difficult to control : not submissive to the rules
uproot (v.)
: to remove (something) completely : to make (someone) leave home and move to a different place : to pull (a plant and its root) completely out of the ground
utilitarian (adj.)
: made to be useful rather than to be decorative or comfortable
utilize (v.)
: to use (something) for a particular purpose
vacillate (v.)
: to repeatedly change your opinions or desires
vend (v.)
: to sell as one's business occupation : to sell by means of vending machines : to say publicly
veneration (n.)
: respect or awe inspired by the dignity, wisdom, dedication, or talent of a person : the act of venerating : the condition of one that is venerated
versatile (adj.)
: able to do many different things : having many different uses
vibrant (adj.)
: having or showing great life, activity, and energy : very bright and strong
viewpoint (n.)
: a way of looking at or thinking about something
vigorous (adj.)
: healthy and strong : done with great force and energy
vigilant (adj.)
: carefully noticing problems or signs of danger : sleeplessly watchful
vivacious (adj.)
: lively, animated, spirited
vivid (adj.)
: very bright in color : strong or distinct : forming distinct and striking mental images
voracious (adj.)
: having a tendency or a desire to eat very large amounts of food : a large appetite for something not food-related (ie: a voracious reader)
vow (n.)
: a serious promise to do something or to behave in a certain way
vow (v. 1)
: to promise solemnly : swear : to bind or consecrate by a vow : to make a vow
voyage (n.)
: a long journey to a distant or unknown place especially over water or through outer space
voyage (v.)
: to take a long journey usually by ship or boat
wane (v.)
: to become smaller or less : to decrease in size, amount, length, or quality
wax (v. 1)
: to treat or rub with wax usually for polishing, stiffening, or reducing friction : to apply wax to (as legs) as a depilatory : to record on phonograph records
wax (v. 2)
: to increase in size, numbers, strength, prosperity, or intensity : to grow in volume or duration : to grow toward full development
weary (adj.)
: lacking strength, energy, or freshness because of a need for rest or sleep : bored or annoyed by something because you have seen it, heard it, done it, etc., many times or for a long time : causing you to feel tired
wily (adj.)
: full of clever tricks : very clever
wrath (n.)
: extreme anger
writhe (v.)
: to twist your body from side to side
zany (adj.)
: very strange and silly
zealous/zeal (adj.)
: showing/having great energy or enthusiasm in pursuit of a cause or an objective, passionate, fervent