12 terms

U.S. History Vocabulary 1.3-4

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Republic
A form of government in which power resides in a body of citizen representatives who vote.
Popular Sovereignty
A government subject to the will or desires of the people.
Federalism
A political system in which power is divided between the national and state governments.
Federalist
a person who supports a system of government in which several states unite under a national government
Separation of Powers
A government principle that divides powers among different branches.
Checks and Balances
A system that gives each branch of government the ability to limit the power of the other branches.
Veto
The power of the chief executive (president or governor) to reject laws by the legislature.
Amendment
To change or add to (the constitution).
Ratification
Formal approval
Great Compromise
An agreement between large and small states that defined a two-part legislature. The lower "house" would have proportional representation, and the upper "house" would have two representatives per state.
Natural Rights
Universal (inalienable) rights not dependent on a culture, law, or government. Such as life, liberty & property - John Locke.
Three-fifths compromise
An agreement between northern and southern states on how slaves would be counted for determining the population for representation and taxation.