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Civics, Chapter One, Section One
Terms in this set (28)
the institution through which a society makes and enforces it public policies.
things a government decides to do. Examples: taxation, defense, education, crime, health care, transportation, the environment, working conditions.
the power to make law and to form public policies.
the power to execute, enforce, and administer law.
the power to interpret laws, to determine their meaning, and to settle disputes that arise within the society.
body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and process of a government.
These powers can be held by a _____ (a dictator), a _____ (an oligarchy), or a majority of the _____ (a democracy)
Single person, small group, people
body of people, living in a defined territory, organized politically, and with the power to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority.
state must have people, the number of which does not directly relate to its existence.
state must be comprised of land — territory with known and recognized boundaries.
every state is sovereign. It has supreme and absolute power within its own territory and decides its own foreign and domestic policies.
every state has a government — that is, it is politically organized.
The Force Theory
one person or a small group took control of an area and forced all within it to submit to that person's or group's will.
The Evolutionary Theory
the state evolved naturally out of the early family.
The Divine Right Theory
God created the State and God gives those of royal birth a "divine right" to rule.
The Social Contract Theory
The State arose out of a voluntary act of free people. (United States)
rights of the individual, natural equality of all men.
a constitution and development of a republic.
government with the consent of the governed, rights to life, liberty and property.
Jean Jacques Rousseau
Social contract (government is a contract between government and people).
the opening statement of the Constitution of the United States
What is the difference between a government and a state?
Government is the institution through which a society makes and enforces it public policies.
State is a body of people, living in a defined territory, organized politically, and with the power to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority.
Who holds the power in a dictatorship?
What is the purpose of a constitution
Describes what the government does
Give an example of a use of judicial power.
Settle disputes that arise in a society
The United States is sovereign, but cities and towns within the United States are not sovereign. What powers of a sovereign state do cities lack?
We can make our own ordinances but we can't change a law from the country
In the past, most European kings and queens were strong believers in the divine right theory. What are two possible explanations for why they held this belief?
Past down from generation to generation and believe they had the divine right to rule. If you challenged the king you challenged God.
Explain how the language of the Preamble reflects the idea of the social contract.
It was written very formally and summarizes all they wants to accomplish with the constitution
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