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ap gov mcgurk 2.1-2.3
Terms in this set (36)
-increase nation wealth through development of
balance of trade
-americans pay tax for printed paper
-pamphlet written by
authority of British gov. to govern colonies
Declaration of Independence
-drafted mostly by
-proclaimed the right of american colonies to
from Great Britiain
social contract theory
gov. exists based on consent of governed
, behaviors, and core values about
articles of confederation
league of friendships
-after american revolution
colonies governed under articles of confederation
-angry farmers, led by
, marched to springfield, Mass.
restrained state court
from foreclosing mortgages on farms
-first intended to revise articles of confederation
produced US Constitution
-all delegates to the constitutional convention
-(were all men; hence "fathers")
-est. structure, functions, and limitations of a
-proposed framework for constitution
-called for bicameral legislature
-appoint executive and judicial branches
new jersey plan
-framework for constitution
-proposed by small group of states
-called for 1-house legislature
-1 vote for each state
-congress can raise revenue
-supreme court appointed for life
-final decision of consitutional convention
-create 2-house legislature
-lower house elected by people
-powers divided between 2 houses
-made national law supreme
-agreement at constitutional convention
-1 slave = 3/5 of a person
-used to determine population for representation in US House of Reps.
-est. by constitution
-president is chosen by electors from each state
-as many electoral votes as members in congress
What was the issue that caused many people to argue for lowering the voting age?
describe the circumstances that ultimately led it to becoming the 26th Amendment
-people were being drafted to fight in the Vietnam War
-they thought that if they were going to fight that they should be able to vote
Before the 1760s how did Americans see themselves and what event began to change in?
What way did it change, and who was responsible for initiating the shift?
felt physically separated
connection with the King was weak
-concern of French and Indian War began to change it
fought in colonies between French and English
-responsible for shift was
How is mercantilism supposed to make a country wealthy?
What is an example of mercantilistic policies, real or imagined?
development of commercial industry
balance of trade
-controlling what tax you put on imported/exported goods
-Ex: new taxes to pay for Sugar Act
What policy changes did Britain make after the French and Indian War?
what affect did this have on the colonies?
-postwar colonial depression
-resentment of tax
-"no taxation without representation"
-boycott of British imports
-formation of Sons of Liberty and Daughters of Liberty (by the colonists)
What was the Stamp Act Congress?
what beliefs did the attendants believe in?
stamp act congress
-9 colonial representatives
-listed draft of Crown violations
-Parliament had no authority to tax them without colonial representation
-(however they still remained loyal to King)
What actions did the American colonists, particularly the Bostonians, take that brought the US and Britain closer to war?
-boycott tea (new tea tax)
-Boston Tea Party (throwing crates of tea from ship into water)
Who attended the First Continental Congress and what was decided?
-resolutions to oppose the Coercive Acts
-est. formal organization to
boycott British goods
a Declaration of Rights and Resolves
-agreed that if the kIng did not meet its demands they would meet again
Who attended the Second Continental Congress and what was decided?
-56 delegates (same from first continental congress)
-adopted Olive Branch Petition
What was the theme of Common Sense and what affect did this pamphlet have on the colonists?
-challenged the authority of the British gov. to govern the colonies
-helped the colonists/ opened their minds
-turned them against reconciliation
What was the theme of the Declaration of Independence?
how was it written?
who wrote it?
describe the ideas the document is based on
-right of american colonies to separate from Great Britain
how it was written
-committees set up by congress
ideas its based on
-social contract theory
What characteristics made up the political culture of the colonists?
what actions did they take to codify these terms?
-liberty and equality
-shared attitudes, behaviors, and core values of how gov. should operate
-gov. must draw power from the consent of the governed
What important powers did the national government have and not have under the Articles of Confederation?
-appoint officers for army
-control post office
-negotiate with indian tribes
-no resources to back currency
Identify and describe 5 reasons the Articles of Confederation was not successful.
rarely could assemble the required quorum of 9 sates to conduct business
states could not agree on policies
all proposals to tax land, polls, and liquor were rejected (because it had no specific power)
driven out of philadelphia by own unpaid army
failed to provide for strong central gov.
Describe the circumstances that led to Shay's Rebellion
how it was put down
the larger affect the rebellion had on Americans and the government.
led to rebellion
-Mass. adopted constitution that favored the interest of the wealthy
-property-owning limited lower class and middle class from voting
-banks foreclosed on farms
-new law that all debts had to be paid in cash
-militia that was assembled after collecting of private financial support ended the rebellion
-rebellion was an example of how
the articles of confederation was
-several states joined together and called for a
convention in philadelphia
When the Constitutional Convention was convened, why did Virginia's delegates stand out from the rest early on?
they proposed 15 resolutions that would create a new gov.
Identify and describe the various motives of the delegates to the Constitutional Convention.
-increase individual freedom
-ensure security of life and property
-preserve the union
What are the key features of the Virginia Plan?
What are the key features of the New Jersey Plan?
creation of central gov.
with 3 branches (legislative, judicial, executive)
2 house legislature
with 1 house directly elected by people, and the other chosen by people nominated by state legislatures
-legislature with power to select executive and the judiciary
-executive selected by legislature to execute laws passed by congress
new jersey plan
articles of confederation
create 1-house legislature
with 1 vote for each state with rep. chosen by state legislatures
-giving congress power to raise revenue from duties on imports and from postal service fees
creating executive branch
of multiple persons elected by congress
creating national supreme court
with members appointed for life by the executive
Describe the Great Compromise.
of the Constitution Convention
elected by people
between 2 houses
national law supreme
What was the issue regarding slavery?
describe the compromise reached to settle this debate
determine state population
with regard to rep. in the House of Reps.
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