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123 terms

LOM chapter 18

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Secrets Thyroxine
what is the function of the thyroid gland
adenohypophysis
whait is another name for the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
adrenal cortex
which gland secrets cortisol
insulin
which hormone is secreated by the pancreas
parathyroid hormone
which hormone regulates calcium in the blood and bones
ACTH
which hormone stimulates the adrenal cortex to secrete hormones
sodium
what is an example of electrolyte
iodine
what is an element that is present in thyroxine
estrogen
what is the hormone secreted by the ovary and adrenal cortex
secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
describe gonadotropins
gynecomastia
term for excessive development of mammary tissue in a male
potassium
Kal/i is a combining form for which substance
diabetes mellitus
insulin deficiency or resistance leads to hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis
cushing syndrome
group of symptoms produced by excess of cortisol from the adrenal cortex
myxedema
advanced hypothyroidism in adulthood
acromegaly
post-puberty hypersecretion of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary gland
graves disease
thyrotoxicosis; hypersecretion of the thyroid gland
goiter
term that means enlargment of the thyroid gland
graves disease
exophthalmos is a symptom of which endocrine disorder
tetany
constant muscle contraction
sodium
natr/o is a combining form for which substance
type 1 diabetes
little or no insulin produced
secondary complications of diabetes
which of the following is associated with neuropathy, nephropathy and retinopathy
achondroplasia
defective cartilage formation that affects bone growth
thyroid scan
administrative of radioactive compound and visualization with a scanner to detect tumors or nodules
pancreas
insulin is secreted by which organ
adrenal medulla
epinephrine is secreted by which organ
anterior pituitary gland
follical-stimulating hormone is secreted by which hormone
thyroid gland
thyroxine is secreted by which organ
adrenal cortex
aldosterone is secreted by which organ
posterior pituitary gland
vasopressin is secreted by which organ
anterior pituitary gland
growth hormone is secreted by which organ
thyrotoxicosis
abnormal condition (hypersecretion) of the thyroid gland
pancreatectomy
removal of the pancreas
hypogonadism
condition of deficiency or underdevelopment of sex organs
estrogenic
pertaining to producing female characteristics
hypocalcemia
deficiency of calcium in the blood
hyperglycemia
excessive sugar in the blood
hyper, pituitary gland
acromegaly is hyper or hypo and secreted by which organ
hypo, thyroid
myxedema is hyper or hypo and secreted by which organ
hypo, thyroid
cretinism is hyper or hypo and secreted by which organ
aldosterone
hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex; increases salt reabsortion by the kidney
electrolyte
a mineral salt found in the blood and tissue; potassium is an example
polydipsia
excessive thirst
calcitronin
hormone secreted by the thyroid gland; lowers blood calcium
pancreatectomy
resection of a gland near and behind the stomach
oxytocin
hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland; stimulates contraction of the uterus during labor
glucosuria
sugar present in the urine
homeostasis
tendency of an organism to maitain a constant internal environment
hyponatremia
blood condition of deficient sodium
glucocorticoids
type of hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex; necessary for the use of sugars, fats, and proteins
adenohypophysis
anterios lobe of the pituitary gland
parathyroidectomy
resection of four small glands in the neck region
hypokalemia
blood condition of deficient potassium
hypothalamus
region of the brain that produces factors to stimulate the pituitary gland
adrenocorticotropic
hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland; stimulates the adrenal cortex
glycemic
condition of sugar in the blood
radio immuno essay
test that measures hormone levels in plasma
glucose tolerance test
test that measures levels of sugar in the blood
thyroscan
radioactive compound is given and localized in the thyroid gland
acromegaly
enlargment of extremities caused by excessive growth hormone after puberty
thyroid carcinoma
malignant tissue of an endocrine gland in the neck
cretinism
extreme hypothyroidism during infancy and childhood produces this condition
myxedema
advanced hypothyroidism in adulthood produces this condition
exophthalmos
enlargment and bulging of the eyeballs caused by hyperthyroidism
hirsutism
excessive hair on the face and body of adult women
cushing syndrome
group of sypmtoms produced by excess of cortisol from the adrenal cortex
goiter
enlargement of the thyroid gland
pheochromocytoma
benign tumor of the adrenal medulla
diabetes mellitus
lack of insulin secretion or resistance of insulin to promoting sugar, starch, and fat metabolism in cells
tetany
constant muscle contraction
ketoacidosis
fats are improparly burned, leading to accumulation of ketones in the body
addison dissease
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex
aldosterone
hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex
diabetes insipidus
disease condition due to malfunction of the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland
diabetes mellitus
disease condition due to malfunction of cells in pancreas
progesterone
hormone secreted by the ovary
cretinism
extreme hypothyroidism in childhood
epinephrine
hormone secreted by the adrenal medulla
thyroxine
hormone secreted by thyroid gland
electrolyte
a mineral salt found in the blood and tissues
prolactin
hormone secreted by anterior lobe of pituitary gland
hypercalcemia
excessive amount of calcium in the blood
hypokalemia
deficient amount of potassium in the blood
hyponatremia
deficient sodium in the blood
pancreatectomy
removal of the pancreas
adrenopathy
disease condition of adrenal gland
polydipsia
excessive thirst
triiodothryonine
hormone secreted by the thyroid gland
testes
two glands enclosed in the scrotal sac of a male
pancreas
located behind the stomch; alpha beta islet cells secrete hormones
thyroid gland
located in the neck on either side of the trachea; secretes thyroxine
adrenal medulla
inner section of a gland above each kidney; secretes epinepherine
pituitary gland
located at the base of the brain in the sella turcia; hypophysis
adrenal cortex
outer section of a gland above each kidney; secretes cortisol, aldosterone, and sex hormones
ovaries
located in the lower abdomen of a female; responsible for egg cell production and estrogen secretion
parathyroid glands
four small glands on the posterior side of the thyroid gland
growth hormone
secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland; stimulates growth of bones and soft tissue
thyroxine
secreted by the thyroid gland; increases metabolism in cells;T4
calcium
calc/o
thirst
dips/o
female
estr/o
sugar
glyc/o
milk
lact/o
mucus
myx/o
sodium
natr/o
pancreas
pancreat/o
thyroid gland
thyr/o
toxic/o
poison
ur/o
urine
home/o
sameness
gather together
-agon
excision
-ectomy
blood condition
-emia
produced by
-genic
stimulation the function of
-tropin
urine condition
-uria
enlargement
-megaly
all
pan-
four
tetra-
many
poly-
three
tri-
normal, good
eu-