46 terms

Vol 2 Unit 1

Self-Test Questions
What could happen if you use excessive force?
You are subject to administrative or judicial action.
When may USAF personnel use reasonable force and what are the lawful objectives?
While conducting authorized missions or official duties to obtain compliance from an individual or individuals to meet lawful objectives or mission requirements. These lawful objectives include, but are not limited to, reasonable searches, seizures, and apprehensions; defense of assets vital to national security or inherently dangerous; to prevent a person from self-injury, to conduct protective detail operations, to prevent prisoner escapes; to dissolve riots and other forms of civil unrest when directed by proper authority; to maintain good order and discipline; and overcome resistance to lawful orders.
What happens when force utilization is applied immediately and without hesitation?
Fewer injuries result because the incident is quickly ended and control is established.
What is the use of force being reasonable in intensity, duration, and magnitue based upon?
The totality of the circumstances to counter the threat.
When faced with a threat physiological changes occur in the body when the sympathetic nervous system is triggered. What are some of those triggers?
Fear of death, fear of injury, fear of killing, fear of failure, fear of the unknown, extreme physical exhaustion, lack of confidence in abilities, experiencing a highly emotional event, being in close proximity to the threat; and experiencing unexpected impact touch.
What did the US Supreme Court establish as the appropriate standard for assessing the use of force?
The 4th Amendment standard of "objective reasonableness."
What four factors did the Supreme Court emphasize when effecting the use of force in a particular situation?
The severity of the crime, whether the person poses an immediate threat to the safety of the officer or others, whether the person is actively resisting, or whether the person is attempting to evade apprehension by flight.
What tool was designed to help security forces understand how to use force and how it is applied?
Use of Force Model
A. Officer perceives the situation escalating and the level of non-compliance escalating.
B. Includes the day-to-day non-threatening type of activities and involves verbal skills with compliant individual
C. Potentially lethal degree of risk is the most infrequent, yet critical for survival. You must be prepared to ue survival skills.
D. Additional individual behavior categorizes a person as a passive resister and requires a slight increase of verbal or physical response from you.
E. Direct energy and tactics toward self-defense or threat elimination.
A. Yellow
B. Blue
C. Red
E. Orange
What do the double-headed arrows on the Use of Force Model indicate?
The dynamic nature of an officer's decision-making process during an enforcement encounter.
What is the utilization of force based on?
The actions or threats presented and the subject's degree of compliance or noncompliance.
What do you base your decision to employ reasonable force on?
The perception of the subject's actions and the totality of circumstances.
What are the five categories of subject action based on the UFM?
Compliant, resistant (passive), resistant (active), assaultive (bodily harm), assaultive (serious bodily harm/death).
What represents the least encountered but the most serious threat to you and others' safety?
Assaultive (serious bodily harm/death).
Name the five officer responses based on the UFM?
Cooperative controls, contact controls, compliance techniques, defensive tactics, deadly force.
When would you use deadly force?
Only when facing conditions of extreme necessity, when all lesser means of force aren't feasible or have failed, and only under one or more of the specified conditions.
List the tools are available to you if you respond using cooperative controls
Mental preparation, spatial positioning, verbal controls, individual searching techniques, apprehension tactics, and military working dog presence.
Neuromuscular controls, baton used as leverage and TASER applications are examples of which level?
The third level, compliance techniques.
When does the inherent right to self-defense apply?
When an individual reasonably believes he/she is in imminent danger of death or serious bodily harm.
When does the DOD designate assets as "vital to national security"?
When their loss, damage, or compromise would seriously jeopardize the fulfillment of a national defense mission.
What are some examples of inherently dangerous properties?
Weapons, ammunition, missiles, rockets, explosives, chemical agents, and special nuclear material.
Why would you not use deadly force to prevent the escape of an inmate servign a sentence for writing bad checks?
Because a reasonable officer should conclude deadly force is not authorized during the escape the individual does not cause serious bodily harm or death to anyone while attempting to escape.
Which unified training principle includes watching a subject's hands, reading body language, recognizing and reacting to threat cues, and identifying potential danger areas?
Threat assessment/decision-making.
On what do you base your decision to chamber a round in a firearm that's not normally carrried with a round chambered, or to draw a pistol from the holster?
On the circumstances you're facing and the threat present.
What is the first thing you do when an unidentified person is in a restricted area?
Notify BDOC
In what direction should you face the individual challenged?
Away from the protection level (PL) resource
How is the apprehension and search conducted during a challenge?
With assistance from respondign security forces--Never search or apprehend alone.
How do you remove personnel from a vehicle that has been challenged?
Remove all occupants from the driver's side, if possible and maintain absolute control over all the occupants in the vehicle so they are always within your sight and within the sight of all back-up patrols.
What did the 1969 Graham vs. Connor Supreme Court decision state?
That police officers' decision to use force must be judged from the "perspective of a reasonable officer, within circumstances that are often tense, uncertain, and rapidly evolving."
What is one misconception about handcuffs?
That they are a foolproof restraining system; however, they do restrain free movement.
What is the six-foot distance maintained between you and the individual called?
"Reactionary Gap"
What three positions do you use to handcuff suspects?
Standing, kneeling and prone positions
List the critical components for successfully transporting suspects?
Prepare your attitude toward the serious nature of the activity, a proactive sense of risk assessment, and strict adherence to procedures. Preplan the specific route of the transport. Establish a line of communication throughout the transport activities. Keep the subject in sight constantly. Increase your attention as you approach your destination, since this may be a subject's "last chance" to act. Never inform the subject of more than the required amount of information prior to transport. Search before transporting and verify everything. Personally apply the restraints after properly checking them. Search and secure the vehicle.
What should you consider about all suspects?
That they are potentially dangerous or violent.
From what side of the suspect should you start your search? Why?
Always start from the same side an apprehension technique is applied so that effective control over the suspect is maintained.
What is a precautionary check and what does it consist of?
verbal communication with the suspect. Ask if the suspect has any sharp objects (needles, razor blades, or knives)
After handcuffing the suspect, how do you place your feet?
Place your strong foot centered between the suspect's feet and your weak foot back for balance.
What type of search is ideal for multiple apprehensions?
Prone Search
Where does the assisting security forces member stand during the prone search?
Approx. 6 feet from suspects head, in overwatch.
What are opposite gender searches limited to during routine duties?
Outer garments (jackets, coats) and hand-carried items such as handbags, brief cases, and luggage.
When would you be able to search someone of the opposite gender?
Only under exigent circumstances, a security forces member may perform a "simple frisk" for weapons only if no same-gender military member, other security forces or medical personnel are available. Also if the situation is of such urgency that it warrants a frisk to prevent decreasing security or endangering the security forces personnel performing an apprehension.
What must you provide the BDOC if you're transporting someone of the opposite gender?
Your location, Approx distance from where you are to your destination, odometer reading and departing time. Upon arrival at your destination, notify the BDOC of arrival time and odometer reading.
What do all the PART techniques depend upon?
Speed, surprise, and skill.
List the steps in teh one hand grab breakaway?
First, spread the fingers wide apart, then rotate your thumb and hand 180 degrees over the suspect's hand to break the hold.
What is the first step in the chest grab technique?
Quickly "trap" the suspect's hand, when being pushed/grabbed by grabbing the suspect's arm below the elbow, your palms down, thumbs down, and trapping their hand on your chest.
How is the rear grab overcome?
With a blow to the groin.