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Week 4A: Defining religion
Terms in this set (13)
James/Harriet Martineau (19th C., English, religious philosopher, Unitarian): "the ____________ in an ever-living _______that is a Divine Mind and Will ruling the Universe [and holding moral relations with mankind]."
In Religion Within the Limits of Reason Alone, this very influential late 18th century philosopher of Germany, defined religion as "the recognition of our [moral] duties as divine commands."
Friedrich Schleiermacher (Theologian, philosopher, 1768-1834): a ________________ of the _________________ through the finite.
In his On Religion: Speeches to its Cultured Despisers (1799), this German philosopher and theologian defined religion is a "feeling" of the Infinite through the finite, an intuition of the action of the universe upon one's soul experienced in feelings such as heartfelt reverence, true unaffected humility, love, affection, kinship, gratitude, compassion, and remorse.
Paul Tillich: "Religion is the state of being grasped by an ______________ ______________, ....which qualifies all" others "as preliminary and which itself contains the answer to the question of the _______________ ___ _____."
This 20th century German/American theologian and philosopher defined religion as "the state of being grasped by an ultimate concern, a concern which qualifies all other concerns as preliminary and which itself contains the answer to the question of the meaning of life."
Robert Orsi: "a ____________________ of _______________________ between ______________ and earth..."
This contemporary Italian-American scholar defines religion as "a network of relationships between heaven and earth involving humans of all ages and many different sacred figures together. These relationships have all the complexities - all the hopes, evasions, love, fear, denial, projections, misunderstandings, and so on - of relationships between heaven and earth" similar to everyday human relationships.
Robert Bellah: Symbolic Realism
This 20th century sociologist of religion introduced a two-word term and approach that refrains from making a judgment on whether supernatural beings exist in an absolute sense while taking very seriously that they do exist, with great ramifications, in the hearts and minds of the believer.
Romain Rolland: "oceanic feeling" .... Studies on mysticism sometimes call this "unitive ______________________."
This 19th century artist, essayist, and correspondent of Freud introduced this term to define religion's core as being that of an experience of being at one with the universe, fusing with the larger whole. Meanwhile, studies on mysticism use this distinctive term "_______________ consciousness."
The Book of Hebrews in the New Testament Bible says: "Faith is the assurance of things ______________ ______, the conviction of things _____ ________." (Hebrews 11:1 [Apostle Paul?])
"Faith is the _________________ of things hoped for, the ___________________ of things not seen." (Scripture?)
Islam, Qur'an 2: 2-3: "This...Book...is guidance for the _______-__________________—those who believe in the ______________..."
William James: "...the belief that there is an ____________ _________, and that our supreme good lies in _____________________ ______________________ ourselves thereto."
This early 20th century psychologist, doctor, and philosopher of the pragmatist movement sometimes defined religion as "...the belief that there is an unseen order, and that our supreme good lies in harmoniously adjusting ourselves thereto."
The holy (Das Heilige), the sacred or numinous [the spiritual/transcendent that inspires awe and reverence].
This German, Lutheran, theologian, philosopher of comparative religion, named Rudolph Otto, 1869-1937, believed the heart or core of the human experience of religion to be this:
This really really intelligent religious studies scholar believed to understand religion we must not ignore any of its #____ dimensions, which are: ... Each of these dimensions are religious because they have a relationship to the sacred.
Ninian Smart, Seven Dimensions of Religion: This religious studies scholar taught that religion is not just a matter of 1) faith and beliefs, but: 2) rituals and ceremonies, 3) myths and stories, 4) experiences and feelings or emotions, 5) social groups or institutions, 6) ethics and legal prescriptions, and 7) material things.
The author of our textbook defines religion as: "A complex set of _____________ (truth), ________________ (goodness), and __________________ (beauty) rooted in some notion of transmundane reality thought of as __________________ Being."
Kent Richter of the textbook: "A complex set of beliefs (truth), behaviors (goodness), and experiences (beauty) rooted in some notion of transmundane reality thought of as Ultimate Being."
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Week 4C: Confessional Definitions of Religion
Week 4B: Types of Definition, Functional…
Week 3: Introduction to Religions of the World
Week 5A: Moral Action
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