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U.S History unit 1
Terms in this set (32)
The 1st permanent English Colony in North America founded by the Virginia Company was called?
Why were the southern colonies?
Farming Agriculture Economy
The 1st major cash crop of Virginia that was introduced by John Rolfe?
Which of the Colonies were considered more diverse and tolerant?
Who came to North America under an agreement to work for landowners for 7-10 years in exchange for passage?
What is the term for the shipping of goods between North America,Europe,and Africa?
Trans Atlantic Trade
What was the name of the early bloody conflict between the colonists in the New England colonies and the Native Americans involving Chief Metacom?
King Phillips War
What is the economic theory where countries tried to acquire as much gold, silver, and colonies as possible to obtain resources and wealth?
What is the main reason why colonist came and settled in the New England colonies?
This colony was initially settled by the Dutch and called New Netherland, but the English took it over and renamed it this.
Chief who led a confederation of Native Americans against the colony of Jamestown, VA; but eventually negotiated a peace with the settlers
Another bloody conflict that took place between New Englanders and Native Americans that resulted in over 400 deaths at a Native camp site
New England colony founded by roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson for individuals who left Massachusetts due to religious disagreements
The middle colony settled by William Penn as a haven for Quakers
Which set of colonies used ship building and trade to prosper economically?
What were the cash crops that were grown and sold in the southern colonies?
Rice, tobacco, indigo
What was it called when the English King basically allowed the colonies to govern and rule themselves from the 1720's until the French & Indian war?
The brutal sea voyage that carried thousands of African American slaves to the Americas was called the__________?
The first Legislative body in the colonies; founded in Jamestown
House of Burgesses
Both the ______ and the Enlightenment movements caused a general questioning of authority on the part of the colonist both religiously and scientifically during the Colonial Period
The Great Awakening
Which conflict led to a shift from indentured servitude to a slave system of labor?
What challenges did the slaves face while on the Middle Passage?
Sickness, fear, brutality from crew
What was the Bacon Rebellion?
A Rebellion that established an expectation in America that the government would work for the good of all citizens not just the wealthy.
This was a religious revival that promised the grace of god to all who could experience a desire for it.
This was the first representative government in North America located in Virginia, but the Virginia Company had to approve any laws it passed
House of Burgesses
This was the first permanent English colony in the New World
This was the economic philosophy that control of imports was the key to enhancing the health of a nation & that colonies existed to serve the home country as a Source of raw materials and a market for manufactured goods.
Mid Atlantic Colonies
This colony region consisted of Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island and New Hampshire
This was the term used to describe the part of Triangle Trade in which slaves where shipped from Africa to the Western Hemisphere
Series of laws passed by England in 1651 stating that English trade must be transported on English ships
This colonial region included New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York and Delaware and was notable for wheat and grain production and shipbuilding
This is the Christian religious branch that split from the Roman Catholics Church in the 16th century
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