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APT Test 3
Terms in this set (43)
According to Glanville, laws need not be written to be in force.
What does Bernard of Clairvaux mean by his reference to Peter's two swords?
the Pope must use both temporal and spiritual authority
According to John of Salisbury, all political power comes from
According to John of Salisbury, leaders who have subjects executed are to be condemned as men of blood.
According to John of Salisbury, the two swords of Peter means that
political rulers must serve the priests
According to John of Salisbury, since kings rule by divine right, it is never acceptable to kill a ruler or tyrant.
What is the main point of Marie de France's "The Fable of a Man, His Belly, and His Limbs?"
disrupting the social order will destroy the state
According to Giles of Rome, the state works best when there is:
a large middle class
In Summa Theologica, how does Aquinas respond to the claim that "the law is not laid down for the just" (1 Timohty 1:9) means that Christians are not bound by human law?
He distinguishes between the law as a guide for behavior and as a coercive constraint, and notes that Christians should take superior (religious) laws as a higher rule for behavior.
In his "Commentary on Aristotle's Politics" what does Aquinas call "the most important and the architectonic of all the branches of learning?"
In Summa Theologica, Aquinas states that
law is based on reason
In Summa Theologica, Aquinas argues that all human laws that are on the books must be obeyed.
According to Giles of Rome, what is the key way for a ruler to be hated?
do not observe justice, play favorites
In "On Kingship" Aquinas stated that the worst form of government is
To whom does Aquinas refer as "The Philosopher?"
In "On Kingship" Aquinas argued that it is politically important to note that all humans are naturally endowed with
According to Dante, the fundamental root of imperial majesty is to help ensure
a life of happiness
According to Wyclif
there should be only few laws because many laws leads to confusion
According to Whyclif, the King should not feel any obligation to obey the law
According to Christine de Pizan, the third estate is
artisans and agricultural workers
According to William of Ockham, a law must be just, or it is not really a law
According to Dante, the emperor
is subject to the natural limits that God has placed on him
According to William of Ockham
the King grants confers temporal property to the churches, but this can be revoked
According to Christine de Pizan,
social classes should work in harmony, each doing their own thing
Machiavelli argued that old wrongs are soon forgotten if they are replaced with recent benefits.
According to Machiavelli, the main types of states are
Republics and Princedoms
According to Machiavelli, only ecclesiastical princedoms are secure and happy.
Machiavelli notes that the Turk and the King of France govern in the same way—with all other subjects as mere slaves.
Machiavelli argues cruelties should be done little by little, so people don't notice.
Machiavelli argues that those who become the ruler of a free city and do not destroy it can expect to be destroyed by it.
Machiavelli argues that the common people are more honorable than nobility.
Machiavelli argued that it is good to build up allies who are stronger than your own state, so they can protect you.
Machiavelli noted that it it is the nature of men to incur obligation as much by the benefits they give as by those they receive.
Machiavelli states that leaders should seek to be seen as cruel, even without cause.
Machiavelli notes that the prince should never ask advice.
Machiavelli argues against the use of mercenaries.
Machiavelli argues that rulers should do all they can to gain a reputation for liberality.
Machiavelli argues that you cannot have good laws without good arms
Machiavelli argues that a ruler of one city that takes over a new area should disarm most of the conquered people.
Machiavelli argues that all should be allowed to openly criticize the prince, in order to avoid the pitfall of flattery.
Leaders should expect to be hated by their subjects.
Machiavelli argues that leaders should always keep their word.
Machiavelli urges leaders to be neutral in the disputes of others.
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