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44 terms

Cells/ Organelles

Organelles Quiz
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Cell Membrane
Thin covering around the celll that controls what enters and leaves the cell
-maintains cell fluidity and provides shape and protection
Cytoplasm
-Jelly like fluid
-holds organelles
Nucleus
Role: contains genetic information of the cell (DNA) directs all cell activites
- Surrounded by a double membrane called the NUCLEAR ENVELOPE
Ribosomes
Tiny spherical bodies that manufactures proteins for the cell
found in cytoplasm and on rough ER
Mitochondria
oval shaped organelle that converts food to energy
Chloroplasts
Role: Site of photosynthesis
*only found in plant cells
Cell Wall
Thick and firm outer boundray that provides- Protection/ support/ maintain shape
- made of cellulose
* only found in plant cells
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Role: Transports materials in membranous tubules
*ROUGH ER- ribosomes attached
Vacuole
Air bubble looking sacs that store food , water and waste and chemicals.
plant cells have a bigger one than animal cells
DNA
Found inside chromosomes in the nucleus; contains the instructions for growth reproduction and development of the cell
Organelles
Tiny structures located inside the cell that perform necessaray functions for the cell
Chromosomes
Found in the nucleus and is Made of DNA and is rod shaped
Mitochondria
Golgi Body
Animal Cell
Plant Cell
Nucleus
Chloroplast
Endoplasmic Reticulum
What is the largest organelle in a plant
chromosomes
contain genetic material such as DNA
DNA
the genetic material in chromosomes
ribosomes
place where proteins are made
nucleus
Where a substance would be if it passed through the cell wall or cell membrane and then passed thru the cytoplasm
vacuoles
nicknamed a freezer because it stores alot of things for the cell
plant
What type of cell contains chloroplasts and a cell wall
Cell theory basically states
All living things are made of cells
chlorophyll
What is the green colored substance that makes chlorplasts look green.
DNA
Found in the nucleus and is wrapped around the chromosomes and provides the instructions for the growth of all living things.
mitochondria
organelles that provide energy for the cell
Organelles
found inside the cell and carry out specific life processes
plant cell
Which type of cell can make its own food
ribosomes
organelles that produce protein
Nucleus and Mitochondria
Parts of a cell that could be compared to a automobile engine
Explain why green tic tacs were used to represent chloroplasts inm the cell lab
They have the same shape and same color as chloroplasts
plant cell
Which type of cell has a very large vacuole
Inference
What is an educated guess that you can back up with data or experiments
Animal cells
What type of cell would you fine centrioles
Chromosomes
Where is DNA found inside a cell
Protein synthesis
process of making proteins
chlorphyll
The pigment that traps the suns energy to make a plants food
lysosomes
The organelle that breaks down and recycles worn out cells
46
The number of chromosomes that are in the first cell of a new developing baby
What is the levels of organization in living organisms
CELLS
TISSUES
ORGANS
SYSTEMS
ORGANISMS