20 terms

American Literature Timeline

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Native Americans
arrived 40,000-20,000 B.C.
-oral tradition
-deep respect for nature and animals
Puritanism
1600-1800 (first american colonies, salem witch trials)

-sought to purify the church of England by reforming to simpler forms of worship and New Testament
Rationalism "The Enlightenment"
1750-1800
-humans can arrive at truth (god's rules) by reasoning, rather than religion or intuition
Puritan authors
William Bradford(of Plymouth Plantation)
Anne Bradstreet (poetry)
Jonathan Edwards (SInners in the Hands of an Angry God)
Edward Taylor (Huswifery)
Rationalist Authors
Benjamin Franklin
Patrick Henry
Thomas Paine (the crisis)
Romanticism
1800-1860
-valued feeling intuition idealism and inductive reasoning
-placed faith in inner experiences and the power of imagination
Romantic Writers
Washington Irving
Emily Dickinson
Walt Whitman
Edgar Allen Poe
Nathaniel Hawthorne
Transcendentalism
1840-1860
-break away from oppressive governments and seek nature; civil disobedience
Transcendentalist Authors
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Henry David Thoreau
Realism
1850-1900
-feelings of disillusionment because of the Civil War
-represented manner and environment of everyday life as realistic as possible.
Realism Authors
Ambrose Bierce
Stephen Crane
Mark Twain
Kate Chopin
Modernism
1900-1950
-lost faith in American dream
-independence was key
-bold experimentation
Harlem Renaissance
1920-1940
- Jazz music
- Blues poetry
Native American
- Origin Myth
- Creation Myth
Puritanism
- religion= personal, inner experience
- believe in original sin and God chooses who will be saved
Rationalism
"Declaration of Independence"
"Speech at the Virginia Convention"
Romanticism
-shunned the artificiality of civilization and sought nature as a path to spirituality
Romanticism
"Devil and Tom Walker"
"Hope is a thing with feathers"
Transcendentalism
Believed in living simply
Realism
-represented manner and environment of everyday life as realistic as possible.

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