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23 terms

AP GOPO Chapter 13 Vocab

STUDY
PLAY
general election
election in which voters decide which candidates will actually fill elective public offices
primary election
election in which voters decide which of the candidates within a party will represent the party in the general election
closed primary
a primary election in which only a party's registered voters are eligible to cast a ballot
open primary
a primary election in which party members, independents, and sometimes members of the other party are allowed to participate
crossover voting
participation in the primary election of a party with which the voter is not affiliated.
runoff primary
a second primary election between the two candidates receiving the greatest number of votes in the first primary
midterm election
an election that takes place in the middle of a presidential term
electoral college
representatives of each state who cast the final ballots that actually elect a president
elector
member of the electoral college
electorate
the citizens eligible to vote
incumbency
already holding an office
recall
an election in which voters can remove an incumbent from office prior to the next scheduled election
reapportionment
the reallocation of the number of seats in the House of Representatives after each decennial census
prospective judgment
a voter's evaluation of a candidate based on what he or she pledges to do about an issue if elected
retrospective judgment
a voter's evaluation of a candidate based on past performance on a particular issue
ticket-splitting
voting for candidates of different parties for various offices in the same election
turnout
the proportion of the voting-age public that casts a ballot
unconventional political participation
political participation that attempts to influence the political process through unusual or extreme measures, such as protests, boycotts, and picketing
conventional political participation
political participation that attempts to influence the political process through well-accepted forms of persuasion such as voting or letter writing.
referendum
an election whereby the state legislature submits proposed legislation or state constitutional amendments to the voters for approval
initiative
an election that allows citizens to propose legislation or state constitutional amendments by submitting them to the electorate for public vote
mandate
a command, indicated by an electorate's votes, for the elected officials to carry out a party platform or policy agenda
front-loading
the tendency of states to choose an early date on the nomination calendar