to understand a person you must understand their views of reality and is the most important psychological fact about you
1. Focuses on Phenomenology 2. Focuses on the meaning of life 3. Asks interesting Questions
Awareness is everything. It is the study of subjective experience. Sometimes assuming that immediate and conscious experience is all that matters. Everything that has happened in the past or right now or in the future can affect your thoughts and feelings at the moment.
Central insight of humanistic psychology
one's conscious experience of the world is psychologically more important than the world
Four forces in psychology
1: psychoanalysis and its modifications 2: behaviorism and its various forms 3. Humanistic and existential theories 4. Transpersonal theories
Maslow is what force in psychology?
3rd (humanistic and existential theories)
Assumes a person is motivated by a need, people have potential to grow toward psychological health. you must satisfy lower needs (hunger,safety, love and esteem) to attain self-actualization.
View of Motivation
he has a holistic approach, Motivation is usually complex, people are motivated by one need or another, everyone is motivated by the same basic needs, needs can be put in a hierarchy.
Hierachy of Needs
Conative or Basic Needs: Physiological, safety, love and belongingness, esteem, and self-actualization. Aesthetic Needs: need for order and beauty Cognitive Needs:need for curiosity and knowledge Neurotic Needs: unproductive relating to people
free from psychopathology, have progressed through hierarchy of needs, embracing of the B-value, full use of talents, capacities, and potentialities.
Values of Self-actualizers
motivated by eternal verities or B-values, metamotivation
Philosophy of Science
should stress the importance of individual procedures, should put values,emotion, and ritual back into their work and be creative in their pursuit of knowledge.
abnormal syndrome defined as fear of being or doing one's best, probably all of us have timidity about seeking perfection or greatness.
is for clients to embrace the being-values, clients must be freed from their dependence on others so there so their natural impulse to grow can become active, must not be value free
Critique of Maslow
very high on organizing knowledge, high on guiding action, moderate on generating research, internal consistency, and parsimony, low falsfiability.
concept of humanity
free choice over determinism, optimism over pessimism, teleology over causality, conscious over unconscious, unique over similarity