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19 terms

Major Human Endocrine Glands And Some Of Their Hormones

Caddo Parish Magnet High School Ms. Blackwell 2012-2013
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hormones released by the posterior pituitary and hormones that regulate the anterior pituitary
hypothalamus
oxytocin
posterior pituitary; peptide; stimulates contraction of the uterus and mammary gland cells; nervous system
antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
posterior pituitary; peptide; promotes retention of water by the kidneys; water/ salt balance
growth hormone (GH)
anterior pituitary; protein; stimulated growth (esp. bones) and metabolic functions; hypothalamic hormones
prolactin (PRL)
anterior pituitary; protein; stimulates milk production; hypothalamic hormones
follicle- stimulating hormone (FSH)
anterior pituitary; protein; stimulated production of ova and sperm; hypothalamic hormones
luteinizing hormone (LH)
anterior pituitary; protein; stimulates ovaries and testes; hypothalamic hormones
thyroid- stimulating hormone (TSH)
anterior pituitary; protein; stimulates thyroid gland; thyroxine in blood; hypothalamic hormones
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
anterior pituitary; protein; stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete glucocorticoids; glucocorticoids; hypothalamic hormones
melatonin
pineal gland; amine; involved in rhythmic activities (daily and seasonal); light/dark cycles
thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3)
thyroid gland; amine, stimulate and maintain metabolic processes; TSH
calcitonin
thyroid gland; peptide; lowers blood calcium level; calcium in blood
parathyroid hormone (PTH)
parathyroid glands; peptide; raises blood calcium level; calcium in blood
thymosin
thymus; peptide; stimulates T cell development; not known
epinephrine and norepinephrine
adrenal gland, adrenal medulla; amine; increase blood glucose; increase metabolic activities; constrict certain blood vessels; nervous system
glucocorticoids
adrenal cortex; steroid; increase blood glucose; ACTH
mineralocorticoids
adrenal cortex; steroid; promote reabsorption of Na+ and excretion of K+ in the kidneys; K+ in blood
insulin
pancreas; protein; lowers blood glucose; glucose in blood
glucagon
pancreas; protein; raises blood glucose; glucose in blood