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Brain Drain

Depletion or loss of intellectual and technical personnel.

Chain Migration

Migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there.


Short-term, repetitive, or cyclical movements that recur on a regular basis.


Net migration from urban to rural areas in more developed countries.


Migration from a place (especially migration from your native country in order to settle in another).


The area subject to flooding during a given number of years according to historical trends.

Forced migration

When a migrant has been compelled to move by cultural factors.

Guest workers

Workers who migrate to the more developed countries of Northern and Western Europe, usually from Southern of Eastern Europe or from North Africa, in search of higher-paying jobs.


Migration into a place (especially migration to a country of which you are not a native in order to settle there).

Internal migration

Permanent movement within a particular country.

International migration

Permanent movement from one country to another.

Interregional migration

Permanent movement from one region of a country to another.

Intervening obstacle

An environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that hinders migration.

Intraregional migration

Permanent movement within one region of a country.


The movement of persons from one country or locality to another.

Migration transition

Change in the migration pattern in a society that results from industrialization, population growth, and other social and economic changes that also produce the demographic transition.


All types of movement from one location to another.

Net migration

The difference between the level of immigration and the level of emigration.

Pull factor

Factors such as freedom or employment opportunities that attract a person to a country.

Push factor

Factors, such as unemployment or the lack of freedom of speech, that makes people want to leave their country and move to another one.


Established limits by governments on the number of immigrants who can enter a country each year


People who are forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group, or political opinion.

Undocmented immigrants

Migrants that enter a country illegaly, and without permission.

Voluntary migration

Permanent movement undertaken by choice.

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