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39 terms

Ch. 3 Key Terminology

a universal symbol; personified abstraction; ex: death portrayed as "grim reaper"
repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases or clauses
address or invocation to something that is inanimate
recurrent designs, patterns of action, character types, themes or images which are identifiable in a wide range of literature; ex: femme fatale
a style in which conjunctions are omitted, usually producing a fast-paced, more rapid prose; ex: Caesar's famous lines, "I came, I saw, I conquered"
figure of speechin which the order of the terms in the first of two parallel clauses is reversed in the second; ex: "Pleasure's a sin, and sometimes sin's a pleasure"
a comparison of two unlikely things that is drawn out within a piece of literature, in particular an extended metaphor within the poem; ex: Hair might be spun gold, teeth like stars or pearls, etc.
what is suggested by a word, apart from what it explicity describes, often referred to as the implied meaning of a word; ex: awesome, sweet, gay, f*ggot
stressed syllable followed by two unstressed ones; ex: can-a-da, hol-i-day, cel-e-brate
a direct and specific meaning; the "dictionary meaning" of a word
lament upon the death of a particular person
the continuation of a sentence from one line or couplet of a poem to the next
part of the structure that sets the scene, introduces and identifies characters, and establishes the situation at the beginning of a story or play
falling action
unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one; ex: for-give, re-morse, re-peat
the location of one thing as being adjacent with another; this creates a certain effect, reveals an attitude or accomplishes some purpose of the writer
figure of speech that emphasizes its subject by conscious understatement; ex: "not bad" as a comment about something especially well done
DOES NOT use "like" or "as"
the more or less regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
figure of speech in which an attribute or commonly associated feature is used to name or designate something as in "The White House announced today..."
recurrent device, formula, or situation that often serves as a signal for the appearance of a character or event; ex: in M. Night Shamalan's movies cold and/or red doorknobs signal presence of ghosts
statement that seems contradictory but may actually be true; ex: "fight for peace"
parallel structure
the use of similar forms in writing for nouns, verbs, phrases, or thoughts; ex: lying, crying, dying no more
periodic sentence
a sentence which is not grammatically correct until the end; ex: "The child, who looked as if she were being chased by demons, ran."
petrarchan sonnet
divides the poem into one section of 8 lines (octave) and a second section of six (sestet); 8 then 6--patriarchal
the analysis of verse to show its meter
shakespearean sonnet
divides poem into three units of four lines each and a final unit of two lines; usually abab cdcd efef gg
shaped verse
shaped to look like an object; ex: Ellen Hopkin's novels
DOES use "like" or "as"
stock character
a character who appears in a number of stories or plays; ex: cruel stepmother, femme fatale, etc.
when a part is used to signify a whole; ex: "All hands on deck!", "head of cattle"
terza rima
"three rhymes"; verse form consisting of three line stanzas in which the second line of each rhymes with the first and third of the next (or 2 line stanzas where second line of each rhymes)
stressed syllable followed by an unstressed one; ex: car-wash, out-side, day-ton, off-spring
verse form consisting of 19 lines divided into 6 stanzas--five tercets (3 lines) and one quatrain (4 lines)
blindly or excessively devoted or adoring
given to lying
a quality that arouses emotions (especially pity or sorrow)
used to describe writing that borders on lecturing; marked by a narrow focus on or display of learning especially its trivial aspects
inclined toward or displaying love