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32 terms

Medical Terminology: Chapter 4

Bone Movement and Structure
STUDY
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Epiphysis
The ends of a developing bone
Diaphysis
The shaft of a long bone
Periosteum
The membrane that forms the covering of bones
Compact Bone
The dense, hard layer of bone tissue
Medullary Canal
A narrow space or cavity throughout the length of the diaphysis
Endosteum
A tough, connective tissue membrane lining the medullary canal and containing the bone marrow
Cancellous (Spongy Bone)
The reticular tissue that makes up most of the volume of bone
Joint
Articulation, a place where two or more bones connect
Condyle
A rounded process that enter into the formation of a joint
Crest
A ridge on a bone
Fissure
A slit-like opening between bones
Foramen
An opening in the bone for blood vessels, ligaments, and nerves
Fossa
A shallow depression in or on a bone
Head
The rounded end of a bone
Meatus
A tube-like passage or canal
Process
An enlargement or protusion of a bone
Sinus
An air cavity within certain bones
Sulcus
A groove, furrow, depression, or fissure
Trochanter
A very large process of the femur
Tubercle
A small, rounded process
Tuberosity
A large, rounded process
Abduction
The process of moving a body part away from the middle
Adduction
The process of moving a body part toward the middle
Circumduction
The process of moving a body part in a circular motion
Dorsiflexion
The process of bending a body part backward
Eversion
The process of turning outward
Flexion
The process of bending a limb
Inversion
The process of turning inward
Pronation
The process of moving a body part forward
Retraction
The process of moving a body part backward
Rotation
The procress of moving a body part around a central axis
Supination
The process of lying supine or face upward; also the process of turning the palm or foot upward