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250 terms

Medical Prefixes S-Z

STUDY
PLAY
SPERM/O-
sperm
SPHER/O-
ball, globe, round
SPHINCT/O-
that which binds together
SPHYGM/O-
pulse
SPHYXI/O-
pulse or lack of pulse
SPIN/O-
thorn or thorny
SPIR/O-
breathe or breathing
SPLANCHN/O-
organ
SPLEN/O-
spleen
SPONDYL/O-
vertebra
SPRAIN
to wring out or press out
SQUAM/O-
scaly
-STALSIS
to contract
STAPED/O-
stirrup
STAPHYL/O-
grape or grape-like clusters
-STASIS
stoppage, standing, location
-STAT
to stop or immediately
-STAXIA
dripping or trickling
STEAT/O-
fat
STEN/O-
narrowing
STEREO-
three dimensional or solid
STERN/O-
chest, sternum, or breastbone
STETH/O-
chest
-STOLE
contract
STOMAT/O-
mouth
STRABISM/O-
to squint or squinting
STRAIN
to draw tight
STRAT/I-
layer
STREPT/O-
twisted or twisted chain
STRI/A-
stripes or threads
STRICT/O-
drawing or binding
STY/E
raised
SUB-
beneath, under, less or lesser
SUDORIFER/O-
sweat
SULF/O-
sulfur
SUPER-
above or upon
SUPINAT/O-
to throw backward
SUPRA-
above or upon
SUR/A-
on calf of leg
SURG/I-
working by hand
SUTURE
sewing together
SYM-
together
SYN-
together
SYNCOPE
to faint or fainting
SY/STOL/O-
to draw together or contract
TACHY-
fast or swift
TAL/O-
ankle
TARS/O-
broad flat surface
TART/O-
dregs, sediment or particles
TAX/O-
arrange, to order, to organize, locate
-TAXIA
muscle coordination
TEL/O-
end or outward
TEMPOR/O-
temple
TEN/O-
tendon
TENS/O-
to stretch or stretches
TERAT/O-
monster
TERES
round
TERM
end, place at the end, boundary
TERT/I-
third
TEST/E-
shell or seed producer
TETAN/O-
spasm or spasms
TETR/A-
four
THANAT/O-
death
THEL/O-
nipple
THEN/O-
palm of hand or sole of foot
THEO-
GOD
THERAP/O-
treating or curing
THERM/O-
heat, hot or warm
THORAC/O-
chest
THROMB/O-
clot, clump together, curdle
THYM/O-
soul, emotion, flowery smell
THYR/O-
shield or shield shaped
TIBIA-
shinbone
-TIC
capable of, or state of
TINEA-
fungus
TINNITUS
jingling, tinkling, ringing
-TION
process of or procedure of
-TIVE
nature of or quality of
TOCI/O-
birth, giving birth, birthing
-TOM/E
cutting instrument
TON/O-
tension, tone, pressure
TONSILL/O-
almond shape
TOP/O-
location
TORSI-
twisted
TOX/O-
poison
TRACHE/O-
rough
TRACT/O-
to draw or pull
TRANS-
across or through
TRAUMA
wound
-TRESIA
perforation or opening
TRI-
three
TRIAGE
to sort or classify
TRICH/O-
hair
-TRIGO-
rubbing
TROCHLE/O-
pulley or pulley like
TROP/O- (TROP/IN)
stimulate or to turn
TROPH/O-
development, nourishment or nutrition
-TRIPSY
to crush
TRYPAN/O-
borer, to bore, drill
TUB/O-
canal or tube
TUBERCUL/O-
swelling, nodule, tubercule
TUM/O-
swelling or tumor growth
TURGOR/O-
swelling
-TUSSIS
cough
TYMPAN/O-
eardrum
TYPH/O-
stupor
ULCER-
sore
-ULE
small or lesser
ULN/A-
elbow
ULTRA-
beyond
UMBILIC/O-
navel
UNGUIN/O-
nail
UR/O-
urine
URETER/O-
small canal
URETHERO-
canal
URTICARI/O-
hives or nettles
UTERO-
womb
UVE/A-
grape
VAG/O-
wanderer (the longest cranial nerve)
VAGIN/O-
sheath
VALG/U-
inward
VALVUL/O-
tiny fold or small valve
VAR/U-
outward
VARIC/O-
twisted
VARICELLA
tiny spot
VAS/O-
vessel
VEN/O-
vein
VENTR/O-
belly
VERA-
true
VERMI-
worm
VERRUCA/E-
wart
-VERSION
turn or to turn
VERTEBR/O-
jointed
VERTIGO
whirling
VESIC/O-
sac or small blister
VILL/I-
shaggy hair
VIR/O-
poison
VISCER/A-
organ
VIT/O-
alive, life, living
VITILIG/O-
to corrupt
VOLV/O-
to twist, twisting, rolling
VULV/O-
covering
WHEAL
round or circle
WHITLOW
white flow
XANTH/O-
yellow
XEN/O-
strange or foreign
XERO-
dry
YAWS
raspberry appearance
-Y
procedure of or process of
ZYGO-
union
A & A
awake and aware
A & O
alert and oriented
A & W
alive and well
ACL
anterior cruciate ligament
ad. lib.
as desired or at liberty
ALL
allergy or acute leukocytic leukemia
AMA
against medical advice
ASTOL
as tolerated
B1
Thiamine HCL Vitamin or first degree (Stage I) burn
B2
Riboflavin Vitamin or 2nd degree (Stage II) burn
B3
3rd degree (Stage III) burn
B4
4th degree (Stage IV) burn
B6
Pyridoxine HCL Vitamin
B7
Biotin Vitamin
B8
Adenosine Phosphate Vitamin
BaE
barium enema
BID
two times per day
BP
blood pressure
BS
blood sugar, bowel sounds, before sleep, breath sounds, Blue Shield
BT
body temperature, bleeding time, brain tumor
BUN
blood urea nitrogen
BX
biopsy or Blue Cross
CBC
complete blood count
CC
chief complaint or chief component
CF
cystic fibrosis
CHF
congestive heart failure
CL
contact lenses
CNA
chart not available, certified nurse's aide
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CO
cardiac output or computer order
CP
cerebral palsy, chest pain
CVA
cerebrovascular accident
D & D
diarrhea and dehydration
DAD
drug administration device
DAT
diet as tolerated
DD
differential diagnosis
DNS
did not show
DPT
diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus
DX & PX
diagnosis and prognosis
DZ
disease or dozen
EKG
electrocardiogram
EMG
electromyography
ENT
ear, nose, and throat
ESWL
extracorporal shock wave lithotripsy
FBS
fasting blood sugar
FOD
free of disease
Fx
fracture or fractional urine
GH
growth hormone
GI
gastrointestinal or granuloma inguinal
GTT
drop, drops, or glucose tolerance test
H1
herpes simplex type 1
H2
herpes simplex type 2
HAV
Hepatitis A virus
HBV
Hepatitis B virus
HCV
Hepatitis C virus
HI, HOH
Hearing impaired or hard of hearing
I & O
intake and output
ICU
intensive care unit
ID
infectious disease, initial dose, intradermal
IV
intravenous
KUB
kidney, ureter, bladder
LBP
low blood pressure
MD
muscular dystrophy, manic depression, mental deficiency, Medical Doctor
ml
milliliter
MMR
measles, mumps, and rubella
MS
multiple sclerosis, mitral stenosis
N & V
nausea and vomiting
NPO
nothing by mouth
OTC
over the counter
PE
physical exam, pulmonary embolism, pleural effusion
PRN
as needed
PROM
partial range of motion
QD
every day or once a day
QID
four times per day
Q
every
RBC
red blood cell
ROS
review of systems
RR
respiration rate or recovery room
Rx
prescription, drug, medication, reaction
S.O.S.
if necessary, if urgently required, may be repeated once
sig.
Let It Be Written, label, instructions
SOB
shortness of breath
stat
immediate
STD
sexually transmitted disease, skin test dose
SX
symptom, sign, surgery
TBC
tuberculosis, total blood (cell) count
TENS
transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation
TIA
transient ischemic attack
TKO
to keep open
TPR
temperature, pulse, respiration
UE
upper extremity
ung
ointment
URI
upper respiratory infection
US
ultrasound, unit secretary
UTD
up to date
UTI
urinary tract infection
VO
verbal order
WBC
white blood cells or white blood count
X & D
examination and diagnosis
YO
years old