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Yellow Journalism

A sensationalized form of newspaper from the late 19th century featuring color, pictures and comics.


A form a journalism from the early 20th century, concerned with reforming government and business conduct.

Print Press

A traditional form of mass media, comprising newspapers, magazines, and journals.

Electronic Media

The broadcast and cable media, including television, radio and the Internet.


An association of broadcast stations that share programming through a financial arrangement.


Local Television Stations that carry the programming of a national network.

Wire Service

An electronic service, such as the Associated Press, which gathers and nationalizes the news.

Press Release

A document offering an official comment or position.

Press Briefing

A relatively restricted session between a press secretary and aide, or the press.

Press Conference

An unrestricted session between an elected official and the press.

On background

Information provided to a journalist that will be attributed only to a vague source

Deep Background

Information provided to a journalist that will not be attributed to any source.

Off the record

Information provided to a journalist that will not be released to the public.

On the record

Information provided to a journalist that can be released and attributed by name to the source

New York Times Co. vs. Sullivan

The Supreme Court concluded that "actual malice" must be proved to support a finding of libel against a public figure.

Media effects

The influence of public News Sources on public opinion.

Content Regulation

Government attempts to regulate the electronic media.

Equal Time Rule

The rule that requires broadcast stations to sell air time equally to all candidates in a political campaign if they choose to sell it to any.

Fairness Doctrine

Rule in effect from 1949 to 1985 requiring broadcasters to cover events adequately and to present contrasting views on important public issues.

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