32 terms

Chapter 2: Project Management

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Terms in this set (...)

adaptive software developmet
a software development approach used when requirements cannot be clearly expressed early in the life cycle
agile
quick and coordinated in movement; a method based on iterative and incremental development, in which requirements and solutions evolve through collaboration
agile software development
a method for software development that uses new approaches, focusing on close collaboration between programming teams and business experts
champion
a senior manager who acts as a key proponent for a project
deliverable
a product or service, such as a technical report, a training session, a piece of hardware, or a segment of software code, produced or provided as part of a project
executive steering committee
a group of senio executives from various parts of the organization who regularly review important corporate projects and issues
functional organization structure
an organizational structure that groups people by functional areas such as IT, manufacturing, engineering, and human resources
human resources frame
a frame that focuses on producing harmony between the needs of the organization and the needs of people
IT governance
the authority and control for key IT activities in organizations, including IT infrastructure, IT use and project management
kill point
a management review that should occur after each project phase t o determine if projects should be continued, redirected, or terminated; also called a phase exit
matrix organizational structure
an organizational structure in which employees are assigned both to functional and project managers
offshoring
outsourcing from another country
organizational culture
a set of shared assumptions, values, and behaviors that characterize the functioning of an organization
outsourcing
an organization's acquisition of goods and services from an outside source
phase exit
a management review that should occur after each project phase to determine if projects should be continued, redirected, or terminated; also called a kill point
political frame
a frame that addresses organizational and personal politics
politics
competition between groups or individuals for power and leadership
predictive life cycle
a software development approach used when the scope of the project can be articulated clearly and the schedule and cost can be predicted accurately
project acquisition
the last two phases in a project (implementation and close out) that focus on delivering the actual work
project feasibility
the first two phases in a project (concept and development) that focus on planning
project life cycle
a collection of project phases, such as concept, development, implementation, and close out
project organizational structure
an organizational structure that groups people by major projects
scrum
the leading agile development methodology for completing projects with a complex, innovative scope of work
structural frame
a frame that deals with how the organization is structured (usually depicted in an organizational chart) and focuses on different groups' roles and responsibilities to meet the goals and policies set by top management
symbolic frame
a frame that focuses on the symbols, meanings, and culture of an organization
systems
sets of interacting components working within an environment to fulfill some purpose
system analysis
a problem solving approach that requires defining the scope of the system to be studied, and then dividing it into component parts for identifying and evaluating its problems, opportunities, constraints and needs
systems approach
a holistic and analytical approach to solving complex problems that includes using a system philosophy, systems analysis and systems management
systems management
addressing the business, technological and organizational issues associated wit creating, maintaining, and modifying a system
systems philosophy
an overall model for thinking about things as systems
systems thinking
a holistic view of an organization to effectively handle complex situations
virtual team
a group of people who work together despite time and space boundaries