Ch. 7 Sabato; Legislative Branch
Terms in this set (39)
a legislature divided into two parts; U.S. Congress is divided into the House of Representatives and the Senate
the process of appointing congressional seats to each states based on each state's population found through decennial census.
the process of reappointing congressional seats based on shift/change in population of states
the drawing by state legislatures of congressional districts for those states with more than one more than one representative
the legislative process of redrawing legislative districts by the majority party in order to assure that the maximum number of majority party representatives can be elected to Congress
it is easy to stay in office because of the advantages of incumbency such as name recognition, easy access to the media, and campaign experience
Assistance given to constituents by congressional members, answering questions/doing favors
people who live and vote in the home district or state
Speaker of the House
the only officer specifically mentioned for the House of Reps by the U.S. Constitution and generally a member of the majority party, elected at the beginning of each new Congress
the chief officers of the majority and minority parties in each house
a proposed law
a tactic where a senator asks to be informed before a bill is brought to the floor.
the redrawing of congressional districts to match change in number of seats allotted to a state and/or population shifts within a state
President Pro Tempore
the official chair of the Senate; usually the most senior member of the majority party
tradition in which the Senator from the majority party with the most years of service on a committee becomes the chairman of that committee
committees to which bills are referred for consideration
(or special), temporary committees appointed for specific purposes like conducting an investigation or study.
includes members from both houses and conducts special studies or investigations and attempt to focus public attention on major matters
a joint committee that is meant to sort out differences between Senate and House versions of a specific legislation
a gathering at the beginning of each new Congress of members of each party --Republicans call it a conference, the Democrats a Caucus in the House--where party officers are nominated or elected, committee assignments are reviewed, party policy discussed, party themes set, party discipline imposed, etc.
a role played by elected representatives who listen to constituents' opinions and then make final decisions combining these with best judgements
the ability of members to mail letters to their constituents free of charge by substituting their facsimile signature for postage
congressional review of the activities of an agency, department, or office
Petition that, if signed by majority of the House of Representatives' members, will pry a bill from committee and bring it to the floor for consideration.
a process in which committee members offer changes to a bill before it goes to the floor in either house for a vote.
a key representative in the House or Senate who helps keep party members toe the party line, keeps tabs on votes and opinions circulating, and tries to ultimately unify the party on issues presented, acting a communications link within the party
unique to the house. Reviews most bills after they come in from a committee before they go to the full chamber for consideration and assigns a rule, which includes date for hearing, restrictions on what types of amendments can be made, and how much time will be allotted for discussion.
a formal way of halting movement of a bill in the senate by long speeches or unlimited debate.
mechanism used to end filibustering; requires sixty senators to vote to cut off debate
Pork Barrel Legislation
legislation that allows representatives to bring money and jobs to their districts in the form of public works programs, military bases, or other programs; helps a representative get reelected.
provisions tacked on to a piece of legislation that are not relevant to the bill that are supposed to help it "ride" through Congress
The activities of a group or organization that seeks to influence legislation and persuade political leaders to support the group's position
process in which Congress overturned rules and regulations proposed by executive branch agencies. Struck down in 1983.
the elected leader of the majority party in the House or Senate, second in command to the speaker in the House and regarded as the most powerful member in the Senate
funds that an appropriations bill designates to a certain purpose within a state or congressional district
a power of the House to charge the president, vice president, or other "civil officers" with "reason, Bribery, or other High Crimes and Misdemeanors."
a custom of the Senate to not confirm a presidential appointment if the senior senator from the president's party or the senators from a state of which the appointee comes from dissents
vote trading in congress; voting yea for a colleague's bill in trade for his or hers yea on a later bill
official changes to a document