Government chapter 2
Terms in this set (35)
A government in which supreme author ity is invested in one who rules for life
A leader of a government who rules for life and whose absolute authority is sometimes checked by other governmental bodies
A form of monarchy in which the government usually is run by a democrati cally elected parliament and the monarch is merely a ceremonial head of state
A monarchy that operates with hereditary succession
An authoritative form of government in which the government acts without the people's con sent or input
System of government in which an elite ruling class (such as the military, the wealthy, or a powerful family) wields absolute power, often seeking to control every aspect of the people's lives
A form of dictatorial government in which one person rules with supreme authority
A form of dictatorial government in which an elite group rules; the group is sometimes self appointed and divides the governmental departments among its members.
Condition in which a state has no functioning national government
System of government in which citizens participate and political power resides with the people, rather than with a monarchy or an elite group
Also called pure democracy; a form of government in which the people directly affect a government's policies and actions through gatherings and voting
Also called representative democracy; form of government in which the people elect their peers to operate the government on their behalf
State in which the supreme power rests in the people and their elected officials
A system in which the people give authority to one centralized level of government that then creates other levels of government to help ad minister the law
1. System in which governmental power is divided into two or more levels, usually a central, national government and component state governments.
2. System in which a nation's power is divided among national, regional, and local governments, which simultaneously assert authority over the people.
System in which regional governments retain supremacy while delegating a few tasks to the national government
A system in which the people directly elect the head of the executive branch independently of the legislative branch; the two branches are both separate and equal.
A system in which the legislative and executive branches are inseparably linked; the candidate whose party wins the most votes in a district becomes that district's representative, and the majority party in the legislature appoints the executive head, the prime minister.
Powers specifically given to the national government by the Constitution; define the limits of the government's authority
At the federal level, the legislative branch of American government; a bicameral legislature composed of a lower house called the House of Representatives and a higher house called the Senate
House of Representatives
The lower house in Congress; representation is based on state population.
Upper house in Congress; representation is equal for each state, with each having two senators.
The chief executive officer and head of the executive branch
The highest court of the judicial branch of the nation or a state
Form of government in which the people participate and have a voice in how they should be ruled
A list of demands that King John of England was forced to sign in 1214; restored the feudal rights of English barons and contained principles that caused it to become a foundational document of constitutional government
Certain legal rules that the government must follow to protect the rights of the accused
English Bill of Rights
A document signed by William and Mary in 1689; limited the monarchy's power and asserted the people's rights; the most important development in constitutional government since the Magna Carta
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution; protects citizens' democratic rights by limiting the power of state and national governments
The system used to elect the U.S. president; each state has a number of electors equal to that state's representation in Congress; at least 270 electoral votes are needed to win the presidency.
A principle of government asserting that a numerical majority of the electorate can make decisions that bind the entire electorate
The majority of all citizens or at least the majority of all voters who participate in their government through free elections
A majority of elected officials
A society in which differing opin ions and parties coexist freely
As a democratic principle, political or legal parity characterized by equal justice and an equal right to vote