people who live by a defined territory and share a way of life
sociology's special point of view that sees general patterns of society in the lives of particular people
the stronger one's tie to society
if people can understand their society, it improves understanding of life
what can bring about social change?
what encourages social thinking
study of the larger world and our society
logical extension of the sociological perspective
high income, middle income, low income
what 3 categories of the 194 countries of the world split into?
1. where we live shapes our lives 2. societies across globe are interconnected 3. what happens when the world affects us 4. social issues are more serious in other countries 5. learn more about ourselves by thinking globally
what are the 5 causes and consequences of global wealth and poverty?
sociologists shape the laws and regulations that guide how people in communities work and live
special education, school busing, racial desegregation
3 examples of public policy
1. helps us use "common sense" 2. see opportunities and constraints in our lives 3. empower us to be active in society 4. help us live in a diverse world
how does the application of the sociological perspective make us more aware and able to think critically about our daily lives? (name 4 reasons)
rise of factories, growth of cities, and new ideas about democracy
coined the term sociology
is sociology an old or new academic discipline?
how society operates
what is the main objective of sociology?
scientific approach to knowledge based on "positive" facts as opposed to speculation
theological, metaphysical, scientific
what are the 3 stages of historical development?
beginning of human history to end of the European Ages (1350)
history in which people saw society as natural not supernatural
work of Copernicus, Galileo, and Newton (1473-1727)
statement of how and why specific facts are related
a basic image of society that guides thinking and research
what is the framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work to promote solidarity and stability
any relatively stable pattern of social behavior
the consequences of any social pattern for the operation of society as a whole
pointed out the need to keep society unified at a time when traditions were being broken
established study of sociology in French universities, agreed with Comte
compared society to the human body = social structures work together to preserve society
said that any social structure has many functions
manifest, latent, social dysfunction
what are the 3 social functions?
the recognized and intended consequences of any social pattern
unrecognized and unintended consequences of any social pattern
disrupts the operation of society
framework for building theory that sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change
the study of society that focuses on inequality and conflict between men and women
fought for change in education (hid writing under sewing machine)
founded Hull House in the slums of Chicago
the study of society that focuses on inequality and conflict between people of different racial and ethnic categories
born to a poor family, attended Harvard, 1st doctorate for a person of color, founded Atlanta sociology lab, founded NAACP
framework for building theory that sees society as the product of the everyday interactions of individuals
define our surroundings, what we think of others, shape our identities
we create reality as we:
a broad focus on social structures that shape society as a whole
structural functional, conflict
what two theoretical approaches are examples of a macro level of orientation
close up focus on social interaction in specific situations
what theoretical approach is an example of a micro level of orientation?