64 terms

Weather 天氣

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Composition

組成
what something is made up of

什麼東西是由什麼組成的
Air pressure

空氣
the force of air pressing down on a given area

空氣在特定區域被壓下
Altitude

高度
distance above sea level

海拔高度
Atmosphere

大氣層
the layer of gases that surround a planet

圍繞行星的氣體層
Troposphere

對流層
is the layer of the atmosphere closest to the surface, gets colder as it gets higher, and has most weather systems

是最接近表面的大氣層,隨著它變得越來越冷,並且具有大多數天氣系統
Stratosphere

平流層
is the layer of the atmosphere that contains the ozone layer, gets warmer as it gets higher, and has airplanes fly at its lowest regions

是包含臭氧層的大氣層,隨著溫度越來越高而變暖,並且飛機在最低的區域飛行
Mesosphere

中間層
is the layer of the atmosphere that is the coldest, gets colder as it gets higher, and protects earth from meteors

大氣中最寒冷的部分
當你走得更高,更冷
保護地球免受流星侵害
Thermosphere

熱層
is the outer layer of the atmosphere where gas are extremely limited, gets warmer as it gets higher, and is where Aurora Borealis are formed.

外層氣氛很少
當你走得更高時溫暖
Aurora在這裡形成
Ionosphere

電離層
is an ionized layer of the atmosphere that is within the thermosphere.

在熱層內的大氣層的電離層
Exosphere

外逸層
is the the outermost layer of the atmosphere, contains only the lightest gases and satellites that are in orbit.

最外層的大氣層
氣體很少
軌道上的衛星
Meteorologist

氣象學家
a scientist who studies atmosphere, weather, and climate.

研究大氣,天氣和氣候的科學家
The Water Cycle

水循環
is the movement of water through the oceans, atmosphere, land, and living things.

水通過海洋,大氣,土地和生物的運動
Condensation

縮合
process in which a substance changes from a gas to a liquid

氣體變成液體
Evaporation

蒸發
process in which a substance changes from a liquid to a gas

液體變成了氣體
Precipitation

沉澱
water that falls from the sky to the Earths surface; may take the form of rain, snow, sleet, hail, or freezing rain.

水從天空落到地面



冰雹
凍雨
Runoff

徑流
precipitation that falls on land and flows over the surface of the ground.

降落在陸地上並流過地表的降水
Transpiration

蒸騰
release of water vapor into the air through the leaves of plants

通過植物的葉子將水蒸氣釋放到空氣中
Infiltration

浸潤
water that seeps into the ground

水浸泡在地上
Groundwater

地下水
water that is beneath the Earth's surface

地球表面下方的水
Weather

天氣
condition of earth's atmosphere at a particular time and place (constantly changing)

在特定時間和地點的地球大氣狀況
不斷變化
Humidity

濕度
amount of water vapor in the air

空氣中的水蒸氣量
Water Vapor

水蒸氣
water in the atmosphere that is in the form of a gas.

大氣中的水,以氣體的形式存在
Low Pressure System

低壓系統
A low pressure system is a whirling mass of warm, moist air that generally brings stormy weather with strong winds

旋轉溫暖濕潤的空氣
帶來風暴和強風
High Pressure System

高壓系統
A high pressure system is a whirling mass of cool, dry air that generally brings fair weather and light winds.

旋轉涼爽的干燥空氣
帶來晴朗的天氣和平靜的風
Front

天氣鋒線
The meeting place between two air masses with different characteristics

不同類型的氣團相遇的地方
Cold Front

冷鋒
A front in which a cold air mass pushes a warm air mass upward

冷空氣將溫暖的空氣推得更高
Warm Front

溫暖的前線
A front in which a warm air mass overtakes a cold air mass

暖空氣超過冷空氣
Stationary Front

固定的前方
A front in which cold air and warm air does not move.

冷暖空氣不動
Occluded Front

封閉的前方
A front in which a warm air mass gets caught between two cooler air masses.

冷空氣陷阱溫暖的空氣
Wind

It is the horizontal movement of air from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure.

移動空氣
高壓到低壓
Global Winds

全球風
Winds that blow steadily from specific directions over long distances

世界各地的長距離風
Local Winds

當地的風
Winds that blow over only short distances

吹得很短的風
Jet Stream

急流
A fast flowing river of air high in the atmosphere where air masses of two very different sets of humidity and temperature move past each other

快速移動的空氣河
在大氣中很高
Coriolis Effect

科里奧利效應
The way in which the rotation of the earth causes the winds to curve

地球的旋轉使風曲線
Land Breezes

陸風
A wind that blows from land to sea when the ocean is warmer than the land

夜風從陸地到大海
海洋比土地溫暖
發生在晚上
Sea Breezes

海風
A wind that blows from sea to land when the land is warmer than the ocean

風從海上吹到陸地
土地比海洋溫暖
在白天發生
Latitude

緯度
Location of a place between the north and south poles relative to the equator

位置北或南
Doldrums

低迷
An area of calm weather

平靜的天氣
Trade Winds

信風
Air movements toward the equator. They are warm, steady breezes that blow almost continuously and look as if they are curving west.

風向赤道
溫暖而穩定
曲線西
Clouds

tiny water or icy particles that are grouped together in the atmosphere when water vapor condenses

當水蒸氣凝結時,微小的水或冰冷的顆粒在大氣中聚集在一起
Cirrus

卷雲
wispy, feathery clouds made of ice crystals. They form high in the troposhere and don't usually produce precipitation

小束,羽毛狀,薄
很高
無雨
Stratus

層雲
...clouds that form in flat layers, covering the sky in a dull grey color

扁平的灰雲
覆蓋天空
Cumulus

積雲
white, puffy clouds that may grow very tall, anywhere from 2km to 18km tall.

白色的浮雲
非常高
Thermometer

溫度計
a thin glass tube with a bulb on one end that contains a liquid that measures air temperature

儀器測量溫度
Barometer

晴雨表
instrument used to measure changes in air pressure

儀器測量氣壓的變化
Wind Vane

風向標
instrument that determines wind direction

儀器找到風向
Psychrometer

乾濕表
instrument used to measure relative humidity (consisting of a wet bulb thermometer and a dry bulb thermometer).

儀器測量相對濕度
Anemometer

風速表
instrument used to measure wind speed

儀器測量風速
Rain Gauge

雨量計
an instrument used to measure the amount of precipitation

儀器測量降水量
Radar

雷達
instrument in which the echo of a pulse of microwave radiation is used to detect and locate distant objects

儀器檢測遠處的物體
Satellite

衛星
any object that orbits around another object in space

任何在太空軌道運行的物體
Isobar

等壓線
lines that connect points of equal pressure

線連接相等的壓力
Isotherm

等溫線
lines that connect points of equal temperature

連接溫度相等的點的線
Relative Humidity

相對濕度
is a comparison between how much water is already in the air compared with how much water the air is able to hold at a certain temperature.

對照
空氣中有多少水
空氣能容納多少水
Conduction

傳導
Heat moving through an object from direct contact (touch)

熱量通過觸摸移動
Convection

對流
Heat circulating through a fluid, such as air or water

流體中的熱循環
空氣或水
Radiation

輻射
Heat moving between objects that are not touching

物體之間沒有接觸的熱量移動
Climate

氣候
based on observations of weather that have been collected over many years (long term weather patterns)

基於多年的天氣
Continental Arctic Air Mass

大陸北極氣團
cA; Extremely cold and dry; forms poleward of 60 degrees North or South

極度寒冷和乾燥
在北極形成
Continental Polar Air Mass

大陸極地氣團
cP; Cold and dry; forms over land in northern latitudes (ex. Northern Canada and Siberia)

又冷又乾
遠在北方的土地上形成
Maritime Polar Air Mass

海上極地氣團
mP; Cold and moist; cold, cloudy, damp weather; forms over the ocean in northern latitudes

又冷又濕
陰天
在遠北和遠南的海洋上形成
Continental Tropical Air Mass

大陸熱帶氣團
cT; Hot and dry; forms over land in the tropics (close to the equator)

又乾又熱
在熱帶土地上形成
Maritime Tropical Air Mass

近海熱帶氣團
mT; Hot and moist; forms over the ocean in the tropics (near the equator)

又熱又濕
形式在海洋上
Storm Surge

風暴潮
A rapid rise in water level in a coastal area that occurs when a hurricane pushes a huge mass of ocean water, often leading to flooding and widespread destruction

海岸水位快速上升
造成洪水和破壞

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