Create an account
a series of answers to a questionnaire that asks people to indicate the extent to which sets of statements or adjectives accurately describe their own behavior or mental state
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
a well-researched, clinical questionnaire used to assess personality and psychological problems
a standard series of ambiguous stimuli designed to elicit unique responses that reveal inner aspects of an individual's personality
Rorschach Inkblot Test
a projective personality test in which individual interpretations of the meaning of a set of unstructured inkblots are analyzed to identify a respondent's inner feelings and interpret his or her personality structure
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
a projective personality test in which respondents reveal underlying motives, concerns, and the way they see the social world through the stories they make up about ambiguous pictures of people
the traits of the five-factor model: conscientiousness, agreeableness, neuroticism, openness to experience, extraversion (CANOE)
an approach that regards personality as formed by needs, strivings, and desires, largely operating outside of awareness—motives that can also produce emotional disorders
an active system encompassing a lifetime of hidden memories, the person's deepest instincts and desires, and the person's inner struggle to control these forces
the part of the mind containing the drives present at birth- the source of our bodily needs, wants, desires, and impulses, particularly our sexual and aggressive drives
the psychic force that motivates the tendency to seek immediate gratification of any impulse (Id)
the component of personality, developed through contact with the external world, that enables us to deal with life's practical demands
the regulating mechanism that enables the individual to delay gratifying immediate needs and function effectively in the real world (Ego)
the mental system that reflects the internalization of cultural rules, mainly learned as parents exercise their authority
unconscious coping mechanisms that reduce anxiety generated by threats from unacceptable impulses
a defense mechanism that involves supplying a reasonable sounding explanation for unacceptable feelings and behavior to conceal (mostly from oneself) one's underlying motives or feelings
a defense mechanism that involves unconsciously replacing threatening inner wishes and fantasies with an exaggerated version of the opposite
a defense mechanism that involves attributing one's own threatening feelings, motives, or impulses to another person or group
a defense mechanism in which the ego deals with internal conflict and perceived threat by reverting to an immature behavior or earlier stage of development
a defense mechanism that involves shifting unacceptable wishes or drives to a neutral or less threatening alternative
a defense mechanism that helps deal with feelings of threat and anxiety by enabling us unconsciously to take on the characteristics of another person who seems more powerful or better able to cope
a defense mechanism that involves channeling unacceptable sexual or aggressive drives into socially acceptable and culturally enhancing activities
distinct early life stages through which personality is formed as children experience sexual pleasures from specific body areas and caregivers redirect or interfere with those pleasures
a phenomenon in which a person's pleasure-seeking drives become psychologically stuck, or arrested, at a particular psychosexual stage
the first psychosexual stage, in which experience centers on the pleasures and frustrations associated with the mouth, sucking, and being fed
the second psychosexual stage, which is dominated by the pleasures and frustrations associated with the anus, retention and expulsion of feces and urine, and toilet training
the third psychosexual stage, during which experience is dominated by the pleasure, conflict, and frustration associated with the phallic-genital region as well as powerful incestuous feelings of love, hate, jealousy, and conflict
a developmental experience in which a child's conflicting feelings toward the opposite-sex parent is usually resolved by identifying with the same sex parent
the fourth psychosexual stage, in which the primary focus is on the further development of intellectual, creative, interpersonal, and athletic skills
the final psychosexual stage, a time for the coming together of the mature adult personality with a capacity to love, work, and relate to others in a mutually satisfying and reciprocal manner
a school of thought that regards personality as governed by an individual's ongoing choices and decisions in the context of the realities of life and death
Social Cognitive Approach
terms of how the person thinks about the situations encountered in daily life and behaves in response to them
the question of whether behavior is caused more by personality or by situational factors
Locus of Control
a person's tendency to perceive the control of rewards as internal to the self or external in the environment
a person's explicit knowledge of his or her own behaviors, traits, and other personal characteristics
people's tendency to take credit for their successes but downplay responsibility for their failures
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together