If you put many of these molecules together (by removing water), what larger molecule will they form?
Which group of biomolecules function in building tissues, structure maintenance, and repair?
Which group of biomolecules includes enzymes?
The "meat" you eat (beef, chicken, ham, etc) is actually ___ and therefore, which type of biomolecule?
Proteins that are produced by white blood cells and circulate in your blood stream help to defend your body against foreign invaders. What type of biomolecule are antibodies?
This type of biomolecule is nonpolar; it does not dissolve in water.
This lipid has both a polar and non-polar region. It's non-polar regions face the aqueous cytoplasm and extracellular fluid making it an excellent boundary for the cell. This molecule is known as a(n) ___.
Long-term, back-up energy storage and insulation are the functions of which biomolecule?
1. Triglycerides (true fats) such as fats, oils, & waxes 2. Phospholipids 3. Steroids
List 3 types of lipids.
Top = Saturated Fatty Acid Bottom = Unsaturated Fatty Acid
Identify these 2 molecules
Bottom one - unsaturated fatty acid (*Note - double bonds between some of the carbon atoms)
Which of these 2 molecules tends to be liquid at room temperature like a vegetable oil?
Lipid (triglyceride= glycerol +fatty acids)
Identify this molecule.
1. Phospholipid bilayer 2. Cell membrane
1. Identify 2. Where woud you expect to find this?
1. Phospholipid 2. Cell membrane (or other membranes)
1. Identify this molecule. 2. Where would you expect to find it?
The molecules surrounded by blue circles are removed when this lipid is formed. The process is called_________ ____________.
The one on the left (single sided)
Which molecule is RNA?
1. Double helix 2. Thymine is a nucleotide
How do you know the molecule on the right is DNA?
1. Ribose 2. Deoxyribose
1. What is the sugar in the molecule on the left? 2. What is the sugar in the molecule on the right?
nucleotide nucleic acid
These 3 molecules make up a(n) ___ which is a monomer of ___.
Which nucleic acid functions as the Genetic Code?
Which nucleic acid functions as the instructions for synthesizing proteins?
Which nucleic acid transcribes DNA's message and carries it out of the nucleus?
Name the substance that works as a high energy molecule used for cellular work?
Which nucleic acid translates DNA's message into an amino acid sequence resulting in a protein?
The molecule that is like a "charged" battery, capable of doing cell work is ___.
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Identify this molecule
The test tube on the left; Iodine turns from amber to blue-black in the presence of starch
Iodine is an indicator for starch which is a polysaccharide or complex carbohydrate. Which test tube has starch in it?
The test tube on the far right
The indicator used in these test tubes is Biuret solution. Which test tube below a positive test for protein?