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Deoxyribose (in DNA)
Ribose (in RNA and ATP)
What 5-carbon sugars would you expect to find in a nucleotide?
Any one of these:
Adenine (DNA, RNA, & ATP)
Guanine (DNA & RNA)
Cytosine (DNA & RNA)
Thymine (only DNA)
Uracil (only RNA)
What nitrogenous bases would you expect to find in a nucleotide?
Monosaccharides (1 sugar big such as glucose)
Disaccharides (2 sugars big, such as sucrose)
Polysaccharides (many sugars big, such as starch or cellulose)
Carbohydrates can be classified into 3 groups based on size. What are they?
(simple sugar or monosaccharide)
Identify this molecule.
What class of biomolecules does it belong?
Basic energy or fuel source
(This molecule is converted to ATP so the cell can do work)
How does this molecule function in cells?
1. Chloroplasts (plant cells)
2. Mitochondria (all cells)
1. Where in the cell is this molecule produced?
2. Where in the cell is this molecule converted to cellular energy or ATP?
2. Dehydration synthesis ("building larger by taking away water")
1. What must be removed for two or monomers to join together to make a larger molecule (polymer)?
2. What is this called?
2. Hydrolysis ("breaking by adding water"
1. What must be added to a polymer to break it down into smaller pieces?
2. What is this called?
1. Primary energy source (glucose)
2. Structure (cellulose)
3. Short-term storage (starch, glycogen)
How do carbohydrates function?
If you put many of these molecules together (by removing water), what larger molecule will they form?
Which group of biomolecules function in building tissues, structure maintenance, and repair?
The "meat" you eat (beef, chicken, ham, etc) is actually ___ and therefore, which type of biomolecule?
Proteins that are produced by white blood cells and circulate in your blood stream help to defend your body against foreign invaders. What type of biomolecule are antibodies?
This lipid has both a polar and non-polar region. It's non-polar regions face the aqueous cytoplasm and extracellular fluid making it an excellent boundary for the cell. This molecule is known as a(n) ___.
1. Triglycerides (true fats) such as fats, oils, & waxes
List 3 types of lipids.
Bottom one - unsaturated fatty acid
(*Note - double bonds between some of the carbon atoms)
Which of these 2 molecules tends to be liquid at room temperature like a vegetable oil?
2. Cell membrane (or other membranes)
1. Identify this molecule.
2. Where would you expect to find it?
The molecules surrounded by blue circles are removed when this lipid is formed. The process is called_________ ____________.
1. What is the sugar in the molecule on the left?
2. What is the sugar in the molecule on the right?
Which nucleic acid translates DNA's message into an amino acid sequence resulting in a protein?
The test tube on the left; Iodine turns from amber to blue-black in the presence of starch
Iodine is an indicator for starch which is a polysaccharide or complex carbohydrate. Which test tube has starch in it?
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