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125 terms

Chapter 12 Reproductive System

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A gonad
ovary
Its endometrium sloughts off in menstruation
uterus
receives the sperm during intercourse
vagina
reproductive cell
ovum
usual site of fertilization
Fallopian tube
Anotheer term for menses
menstruation
another term for menopause
climacteric
First occurrence of menstruation
ovulation
Initial hormone that causes thickening of the endometrium
estrogen
An instrument used to examine the vagina and cervix walls is a
speculum
The study of cells in a Pap test is called
cytology
In a Pap smear, an alteration in the shape, growth, or number of cells that is not a sign of cancer but indicates a tendency of the cells to become malignant is called
dysplasia
A hormone that is tested to ascertain pregnancy in human chorionic
gonadotropin
Using low-powered microscopy to examine the vaginal mucosa and cervix is called
colposcopy
Direct visualization of the uterus with a hysteroscope is
hysteroscopy
A radiographic examination of the uterus and the uterine tubes after an injection of a radiopaque contrast medium is call
hysterosalpingography
Examining the pelvic cavity after making one or more small abdominal incisions is
laparoscopy
Membrane that develops around the fertilized embryo
chorion
Blood test to detect and monitor syphilis
Rapid plasma reagin
Slide-staining technique that helps identify bacteria
Gram stain
Collection and examination of cells from the vagina and cervix
Pap smear
Direct microscopic examination of fluid
Wet mounts
abnormally heavy or long menstrual periods
menorrhagia
Absence of menstruation
amenorrhea
Painful or difficult menstruation
dysmenorrhea
Uterine bleeding other than menstruation
Metrorrhagia
PMS means
premenstrual cycle
Mittelschmerz means pain in the region of the ovary during
ovulation
Failure of the ovaries to produce, mature, or release ova is
anovulation
The leading cause of death from reproductive cancer is
ovarian
PID means
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Weakening of the ligaments that hold the uterus in place is uterine
prolapse
A common uterine condition is which it is tipped backward is
retroversion
A uterine fibroid is also called a
leiomyoma
An abnormal opening between the rectum and the vagina is called a rectovaginal
fistula
Herniation of the urinary bladder through the wall of the vagina is a
cystocele
Hernial protrusion of a fallopian tube (or uterine)
salpingo/cele
Any disease of an ovary
oophoro/pathy
Inflammation of hte cervix
cervix/itis
pain of the vvagina
colpo/dynia
inflammation of the lining of the uterus
endo/metr/itis
A pharmaceutical intervention for treating the symptoms of menopause is
hormome replacement therapy.
Excision of the vulva is
vulvectomy
Surgical fixation of an ovary is
oophoropexy
When the ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes are removed, this surgery is called a total abdominal
hysterectomy
Removal of the uterus through a small opening in the abdominal wall is
laparohysterectomy
Removal of a fallopian tube is
salpingectomy
The sterilization procedure in which both fallopian tubes are constricted, severed, or crushed is called tubal
ligation
Forming a new opening into a fallopian tube is
salpingostomy
Dilation of the cervix and removal of material from the endometrium is called dilation and
curettage
Treatment using subfreezing temperature to destroy tissue is
cryotherapy or cryosurgery
Suture of the vagina
colporrhaphy
surgical fixation of a fallopian tube
salpingopexy
surgical removal of the ovaries and uterus
oophorohysterectomy
Surgical fixation of the uterus to the abdominal wall
hysteropexy
Instrument to visualize the abdomen
laparoscope
What is the meaning of epididym(o)
epididymis
What is the meaning of orchi(o)
testicle
What is the meaning of rect(o)
rectum
What is the meaning of urethr(o)
urethra
What is the meaning of vas(o)
vessel
Word pertaining to penis
penile
Word pertaining to prostrate
prostatic
Word pertaining to scrotum
scrotal
Word pertaining to seman (or spermatic)
seminal
Word pertaining to testicle
testicular
The production of sperm is called
spermatogenesis
The structure that is responsible for sperm production is the
testicle
Sperm are produced within the ?
seminiferous tubles
The major male sex hormone produced by the testicles is
testosterone
Two important hormoines that stimulate sperm production are follicle-stimulating hormone and?
luteinizing hormone
Blood test for prostatic cancer
PSA
Blood test for syphilis
RPR
Removal of tissue for microscopic study
needle biopsy
Test of semen
Semen count
The branch of medicine that specializes in the male and female urinary tract and also includes male reproductive structures is
urology
Axial rotation of the spermatic cord is testicular
torsion
Insufficient sperm in the semen is
oligospermia
A developmental defect characterized by the failure of one or both testes to descend into the scotum is
cryptorchidism
Inflammation of the epididymis is
epididymitis
A mass in the scrotum that contqins straw-colored fluid is called
hydrocele
A cluster of dilated veins above the testis is
varicocele
Tightness of the prepuce that prevents the retraction of the foreskin over the glans penis is
phimosis
inflammation of the glans penis is
balanitis
A nonmalignant increase in the size of the prostate is benign prostatic?
hyperplasia
What is azoospermia
Condition of the absence of living sperm
What is orchidalgia
Testicular pain
What is the meaning of prostatitis
Inflammation of the prostate gland
What is the meaning of anorchism
Condition of absence of the testis
What is the meaning of hypertrophy
enlargement in size
Chemical treatment of cancer
Chemotherapy
Removal of small pieces of the prostate via the urethra
TURP
Surgical repair of a testicle
orchioplasty
Surgical excision of a testicle
orchiectomy
Surgical fixation of a testicle
orchiopexy
Surgical implantation to correct erectile dysfunction
penile prosthesis
Surgical removal of the end of the prepuce
circumcision
surgical excision of a portion of the vas deferens
Vasectomy
Incision of a testis
orchiotomy
creation of a new opening in the vas deferens
vasostomy
pertaining to through the urethra
transurethral
Surgical excision of the prostate gland
prostatectomy
BPH
benign prostatic hyperplasia
Cx
cervix
D&C
dilation and curettage
FSH
Follicle-stimulating hormone
GU
genirourinary
GYN, Gyn, gyn
gynecology
hCG, HCG
Human chorionic gonadotropin
HRT
hormone replacement therapy
LH
Luteninizing hormone
LMP
last menstrual period
NIH
National Institutes of Health
Pap
Papanicolaou smear, stain, or test
PID
Pelvic inflammatory disease
PMS
premenstrual syndrome
PSA
prostate-specific antigen
RPR
rapid plasma reagin test (for syphilis)
STD
sexually transmitted disease
TAH
total abdominal hysterectomy
TSS
toxic shock syndrome
TUMT
transurethral microwave thermotherapy
TUNA
transurethral needle ablation
TURP
Transurethral rexection of the prostate
VDRL
Venereal Disease Research Laboratories