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1-2 Understanding the Research Process
Terms in this set (46)
The purpose of this study is to...
The group being studied is/are
Research studies in Psychology should have both an ______ and a ____________
An aim and a target population
People who take part in a study
A step by step process used to carry out a study
State how the researcher interpreted the data
A research example is:
The Pygmalian Effect
What four factors contribute to The Pygmalian Effect
"When teachers expect students to excel or fail. Is that what is going to happen" this is an example of the
What is a sample?
A sample is a subset of the entire population
Name the types of samples
Whoever is available
Individuals volunteer for a study
Existing subjects recruit future subjects
Each subject had an equal probability of being chosen
Researcher divides the population into separate groups, and then recruits percentages from each group that match the overall population
Name the Research Ethics
-protection from harm
Once a research study is completed it is...
Evaluated for any practical applications
Research Studies are evaluated with regard to their _________ and ___________
Validity and reliability
The degree to which a test or measurement accurately measures or reflects what it purports to measure
The ability of a measurement instrument to measure an attribute consistently, which is important in assessing the validity of data acquired using that instrument
To what degree does this study represent what happens in real life? Is it conducted in the field or in a laboratory?
Cross Cultural Validity
Is this study related to other cultures?
A belief or value grounded in a single culture
Can the results be replicated by others who follow the exact procedure? Has the procedure been standardized?
Questions a Researcher Should Always Ask 1-6
1. Is the sample representative?
2. Was the research conducted in a laboratory or natural setting?
3. How real life were the tasks?
4. Are the findings supported by other research?
5. Is there any practical relevance to this research?
6. Were all ethical guidelines followed?
All research studies should have an ______ and a ________
Aim and a target
A step by step process used to carry out research is called a.....
Others beliefs about a can influence our own beliefs, leading to a self-fulfilling prophesy. This is called the _______
_____________ sampling occurs when participants are selected in groupings that represent similar ratios in the larger population.
Confidentiality, informed consent, and debriefing are all examples of________
The development of antidepressant medication is a ___________ application of psychological research.
The measurements in a study are all near each other, but as a group of target. This is an example of __________ reliability and ___________ Validity.
High reliability and low validity
___________ is a belief unique to a specific culture or group.
What is considered the most reliable sampling and why
Random sampling because it is assumed that if the sample is large enough, it is most likely to contain all the characters of the population
Generalize in sampling
The behaviors observed in the random sample are assumed Robbie representative of those in the larger population
Participants must be informed about the nature of the study and agree to participate
If the researcher does not want the participants to know the exact aim they may use slight deception as long as it does not cause stress or harm and at the end of the study any deception is explained
At the end of all studies, the true aims and purpose of the research must be revealed to the participants
Withdrawal from a study
At the beginning of a study, participants should be told they have the right to leave the study at any time and that they may withdraw their data at the end
All information obtained in a study must be confidential
Protection from physical or mental harm
Important not to harm participants, or humiliate or force them to reveal private information
How a theory or empirical study is used, what it results in
Give an example of application
Several studies of the role of chemicals in the brain have led to the development of drugs which have successfully treated disorders such as depression and schizophrenia
If results can be replicated it is
If it does what is claims to do it is....
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