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"Give Me Liberty" textbook

Another name for WWII is...

"The Good War"

What are the two common assumptions about why the US fought in WWII?

To stop Hitler
To save the Jews

When did the US enter WWII?


What are the resons for why the US had such a slow response to the Holocaust?

Wide Spread Anti-Semitism
Depression (no jobs)--> fear about new immigrants
Isolationism after WWI

When was Pearl Harbor?


What countries were in the GRAND ALLIANCES?

Britian, US, Soviet Union

Was the GRAND ALLIANCE a success or fail?


What was the 'Europe First' strategy?

FDR said we would fight Hitler first then Japan. Felt like we had to prove to Russia that we would help.

What is the 'Unconditional Surrender' policy?

US will fight in Europe until they surrender with NO conditions

Who was the egotist leader of Britian?


Who was the egotist leader of Russia?


Who was the president of US at the time?


What was the "great success" of the Grand Alliance?

They defeated Hitler even when they were not friends

What was the "great failure" of the Grand Allience?

We lost peace between the 3 countries

What does the fail of the Grand Alliance lead to?

The Cold War

"Cold War Myths"

the Russians are only bad

What is the Red Scare?

the fear of communism

Why does the Red Scare develop?

....look in notes

National Security Act

government becomes more secrative and militaristic

What is the CIA?


What is the Pentagon?

All the military leaders in one spot

What is the NCS?

A group of people that advise the Pres. Not a public running

Who started the Taft-Hartley Act?

Big Business

What did the Taft-Hartley Act do?

Made labor union workers publically sware that they were not a communist

What is the Hiss Case?

A government worker in the US accused of being a Russian spy

Who is Alger Hiss?

A US government worker that was accused of being a Soviet spy

How did the Cold War become a nuclear bomb war?

Russia gets the bomb in 1940. Now they are equally as powerful to us

When was the Nuclear Arms Race?


What is the nuclear Arms Race?

EAch side trying to make a bigger bomb

What does MAD stand for?

Mutually Assured Destruction

Three things that scared us in 1949

1) Soviets develop the atomic bomb
2) China becomes communist
3) North Korea attacks South Korea

"One World"

freedom, democracy, prosperity, no barriers

Why is the military strategy important for the success of the GRAND ALLIENCE?

because there was no treaty that ended the war

When was Pearl Harbor?

December 7, 1941

When was the FIRST FRONT?


What is the FIRST FRONT?

When Germany attacked Russia

What percent of Hitler did Russia help defeat?

86% on the Eastern Front

How many of Russians were killed in WWII?

at least 20 million - they lost the most lives of any country

Why were there so many Russians killed by Hitler?

he saw them as Jews and slaughtered them

Who demands the SECOND FRONT?


Why does Stalin want a SECOND FRONT?

So the US will show their loyalty to the Grand Allience and to take pressure off the western front

What did the SECOND FRONT call for the US to do?

Attack France

What did Churchill think of the SECOND FRONT?

we shouldnt do it because too many people will die and its too expensive

What did the US and Britian do instead of doing the SECOND FRONT?

they attacked the Mediterranean and invade North Africa and Italy

Where does the SECOND fRONT stall?


When was the Battle of Stalingrad?


Who was in the Battle of Stalingrad?

Russia and Hitler

Who won the Battle of Stalingrad?


What does the Battle of Stalingrad do?

Begins the push og Hitler out of Russia

Where do the US and the Russian troops meet?

The Elbe River

What happens at the Eble River?

Russian and US troops shake hands

When Truman drops the bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki what happens?

This is the first act of the Cold War

What is D DAy

1944, lauching of the second front in Normandy

Which side of the GRAND ALLIENCE caused the Cold War?

both, it was a big missunderstanding

What do Americans call Stalin (Russias leader) during WWII?

Uncle Joe

Who was Joe McCarthy?

Bad Senator

How did Joe McCarthy gain popularity?

Scared Americans

What did Joe McCarthy do?

Increased the Red Scare

When did Dienbienphu happen?


Who was in Dienbienphu?

Vietman vs France

What is Sputnik

Space Satlite, Race to the Moon, Russia

Who is Alger Hiss?

Us government worker accused of being a communist spy

When does Russia get the bomb?


What are examples of how the US was winning the Cold War away but losing it at home?

Potsdam Conference, Truman Doctorine, Marshall Plan, National secutity Act, Tafy-Hartley Act, Hiss Case,

What is the Yalta Conference?


What did George Kennan write?

The Containment Theory

What is the Containment Theroy?

The US policy towards Russia

Does Truman endorse the Containment Theory?


When was the Truman Doctrine?


What did the Truman Doctorine say?

Stand up to the Soviet Union, not with War though

What is the Marshall Plan?

US sent economic aid to Europe so they wouldnt go communist (France and Germany)

Who won the election of 1948?


Who were the dixicrats?

southern, white, democrats

Did the dixicrats like Truman?

No because he liked blacks

When was the Berlin Airlift?


What was the Berlin Airlift?

When Russia tried to cut off food from East Berlin

What is the Fair Deal?

Social Justice, help the poor

Why did the Fair Deal stall in Congress?

Reform= Communism, DONT LIKE COMMUNIST

What is NATO?

Military Allience, you mess with our friends then you mess with us

When does China become Communist?


When do the Soviets develop the bomb?


What is the McCarran Internal Security Act?

Made people sware they were not communist in public

When was NSC-68 implemented?


What is the Rosenberg Case?

A couple was killed because they were accused of being communist spys, flimsy evidence

When does the US explode its first hydrogen bomb?


Who is associated with "Massive Retaliation"?

John Foster

What does Massive Retaliation really mean?

If you do something we dont like then well blow you up

Does the Hungarian revolt work?


Do we help Hungry after its failed attempt to revolt?


By the 1950 the war is...

out of controll

What did George Kennan say about Russia?

Dont fear Russia, Dont fight Russia, but put them in their place.

What was Kennans main point?

Dont become like the enemy

What does NSC-68 start?

The nuclear arms race

What questions is the NSC-68 document raising?

How do we react to Russia?

What did the NSC-68 file advise to do?

dont talk to Russia until the US is stronger

What was the answer we used to gain back our power after the war?

Build more weapons

What is the Arsenal of Democracy?

After WWII we are the richest country by making weapons

Why does STL become super rich?

Mcdonals Douglas makes a ton of weapons

Who is J. Robert Openheimer?

A scientist who helped build the atomic bomb

Did J. Robert Openheimer like the nuclear Arms Race?

NOO he opposed it

What happened when J.Robert Openheimer opposed the Nuclear Arms Race?

he was called a communist and fired

Who wins the Cold War?


What happens to the Soviet Unions economy after the Cold War is over?

Their economy is destroyed

Who were the Axis?

Germany, Italy, and Japan

Why did Stalin and Churchill sign the Atantic Charter?

they wanted military aid

Who gives the Iron Curtin Speech?

Churchill, because Truman had no pull

What does the IRON CURTIN speech "Informally" announce?

The Cold War

What is the purpose for the Iron Cutin Speech?

Tell the Americans that Russia is BAD

What does the NSC-68 offer the Cold War?

A blueprint

Good Neighbor Policy

FDR's foreign policy of promoting better relations w/Latin America by using economic influence rater than military force in the region

internment camps

Detention centers where more than 100,000 Japanese Americans were relocated during World War II by order of the President.

Why didn't the United States jump right into WWII (waited until 1941 while countries in Europe were already in the war since 1939)?

Our country was "isolationist" meaning that we didn't want to get engaged in matters overseas. It all seemed so far away that we didn't feel the effects of it like those in Europe did. We were also against Communism and saw Hitler as a way to control the spread of Communism. We also had groups in the US who were anti-British.

What country did Germany invade that caused Britain and France to declare war, officially kicking off WWII in 1939?


What event caused the United States to jump into WWII?

The surprise attack on Pearl Harbor.

Lend-Lease Act

Created by FDR in 1941; allowed sales or loans of war materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the U.S. provided that the country promises to return it all after the war

Why did the Soviet's break their secret pact with Germany in 1941?

Germany renounced his nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union and invaded that country in June 1941. The US then uses the Lend-Lease Act to provide billions of dollars of support to the Soviets.


June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.

About how many Jews were exterminated in Nazi death camps?

6 million

Hitler's "final solution"

the Nazi Party's plan to murder the entire Jewish population of Europe and the Soviet Union

What types of things did FDR institute in order to encourage citizens to support the war effort?

incentives to spur production like low-interest loans, tax breaks, contract with guaranteed profits, created the War Production Board, War manpower Commission and the Office of Price Administration. Began withholding income taxes directly from weekly paychecks.

What effect did WWII have on the US economy?

A very positive one. Our production and manufacturing rose drastically (more jobs for everyone)

What did FDR create in 1942 to spread the propaganda that WWII was "a people's war for freedom?"

Office of War Information - used radio, film, posters, the press etc.

How did women's roles change during WWII?

They were used to fill the workforce in industrial jobs traditionally filled by men (now vacant because the men were off to war)

Rosie the Riveter

symbol of American women who went to work in factories during the war

Economic Bill of Rights

(1944) Roosevelt's proposed new Bill of Rights. This would include a job with a living wage, freedom from unfair competition and monopolies, a home, medical care, education, and social security. While this Bill of Rights never passed Congress, its ideas were mirrored in the GI Bill of Rights, which helped many veterans get good educations and receive home mortgages.

patriotic assimilation

-WWII created a melting pot for European immigrants and their children
-US government promoted group equaltiy
-"Persons of many lands can live together...and if they believe in freedom they can become a united people"--Pearl Buck

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