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What are the two common assumptions about why the US fought in WWII?
To stop Hitler
To save the Jews
What are the resons for why the US had such a slow response to the Holocaust?
Wide Spread Anti-Semitism
Depression (no jobs)--> fear about new immigrants
Isolationism after WWI
What was the 'Europe First' strategy?
FDR said we would fight Hitler first then Japan. Felt like we had to prove to Russia that we would help.
What is the 'Unconditional Surrender' policy?
US will fight in Europe until they surrender with NO conditions
What was the "great success" of the Grand Alliance?
They defeated Hitler even when they were not friends
What did the Taft-Hartley Act do?
Made labor union workers publically sware that they were not a communist
How did the Cold War become a nuclear bomb war?
Russia gets the bomb in 1940. Now they are equally as powerful to us
Three things that scared us in 1949
1) Soviets develop the atomic bomb
2) China becomes communist
3) North Korea attacks South Korea
Why is the military strategy important for the success of the GRAND ALLIENCE?
because there was no treaty that ended the war
How many of Russians were killed in WWII?
at least 20 million - they lost the most lives of any country
Why does Stalin want a SECOND FRONT?
So the US will show their loyalty to the Grand Allience and to take pressure off the western front
What did Churchill think of the SECOND FRONT?
we shouldnt do it because too many people will die and its too expensive
What did the US and Britian do instead of doing the SECOND FRONT?
they attacked the Mediterranean and invade North Africa and Italy
When Truman drops the bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki what happens?
This is the first act of the Cold War
What are examples of how the US was winning the Cold War away but losing it at home?
Potsdam Conference, Truman Doctorine, Marshall Plan, National secutity Act, Tafy-Hartley Act, Hiss Case,
What is the Marshall Plan?
US sent economic aid to Europe so they wouldnt go communist (France and Germany)
What is the Rosenberg Case?
A couple was killed because they were accused of being communist spys, flimsy evidence
What did George Kennan say about Russia?
Dont fear Russia, Dont fight Russia, but put them in their place.
What happened when J.Robert Openheimer opposed the Nuclear Arms Race?
he was called a communist and fired
Good Neighbor Policy
FDR's foreign policy of promoting better relations w/Latin America by using economic influence rater than military force in the region
Detention centers where more than 100,000 Japanese Americans were relocated during World War II by order of the President.
Why didn't the United States jump right into WWII (waited until 1941 while countries in Europe were already in the war since 1939)?
Our country was "isolationist" meaning that we didn't want to get engaged in matters overseas. It all seemed so far away that we didn't feel the effects of it like those in Europe did. We were also against Communism and saw Hitler as a way to control the spread of Communism. We also had groups in the US who were anti-British.
What country did Germany invade that caused Britain and France to declare war, officially kicking off WWII in 1939?
Created by FDR in 1941; allowed sales or loans of war materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the U.S. provided that the country promises to return it all after the war
Why did the Soviet's break their secret pact with Germany in 1941?
Germany renounced his nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union and invaded that country in June 1941. The US then uses the Lend-Lease Act to provide billions of dollars of support to the Soviets.
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
Hitler's "final solution"
the Nazi Party's plan to murder the entire Jewish population of Europe and the Soviet Union
What types of things did FDR institute in order to encourage citizens to support the war effort?
incentives to spur production like low-interest loans, tax breaks, contract with guaranteed profits, created the War Production Board, War manpower Commission and the Office of Price Administration. Began withholding income taxes directly from weekly paychecks.
What effect did WWII have on the US economy?
A very positive one. Our production and manufacturing rose drastically (more jobs for everyone)
What did FDR create in 1942 to spread the propaganda that WWII was "a people's war for freedom?"
Office of War Information - used radio, film, posters, the press etc.
How did women's roles change during WWII?
They were used to fill the workforce in industrial jobs traditionally filled by men (now vacant because the men were off to war)
Economic Bill of Rights
(1944) Roosevelt's proposed new Bill of Rights. This would include a job with a living wage, freedom from unfair competition and monopolies, a home, medical care, education, and social security. While this Bill of Rights never passed Congress, its ideas were mirrored in the GI Bill of Rights, which helped many veterans get good educations and receive home mortgages.
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