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153 terms

SC World War II

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September
Month in which WWII began
Munich
City in which Britain, France and Germany did a deal over Czechoslovakia in September 1938
Appeasement
Term for policy of giving Hitler what he wanted so as to avoid war.
Chamberlain
British PM at beginning of WWII
1933
Year in which Hitler came to power
Stuka
Famous German dive-bomber
Fighter
Messerschmitt 109 was a: dive-bomber, fighter, bomber
1939
Year in which Hitler occupied the whole of Czechoslovakia
SA
Abbreviation for Nazi Brownshirts
Pogrom
Was Kristallnacht a pogrom, a putsch or a synagogue?
Semitism
Hatred of Jews: Anti-___________
Isolationist
In the interwar period was the USA interventionist, abolitionist or isolationist?
League
Failed international organisation between the wars: the ________ of Nations
Mussolini
Dictator of Fascist Italy
Versailles
This 1919 treaty greatly embittered many Germans
Austria
Anschluss refers to Germany's occupation of ______________
Blitzkrieg
German word meaning 'lightning war'
Tank
Panzer means______
Phoney
The lull on the Western Front in 1939-40 was called the ________ war
Line
The Maginot ________ was in France
Ardennes
Forest through which the Germans launched a surprise attack in May 1940 and December 1944
Dunkirk
Port from which British and French troops were evacuated to Britain in 1940
Gaulle
Commander of the Free French: Charles de ________
Vichy
The French puppet government established in 1940 was based on the town of ___________
Finest
'This was their __________ hour'
Blitz
The heavy bombing of British cities in 1940-1 was known as the ________
bomber
The ___________ will always get through
Sealion
Germany's plan to invade Britain was called Operation ________
Hurricane
Two main types of British fighter in Battle of Britain: Spitfire and ________
Aircraft
Were Heinkel, Dornier and Junkers famous as: Nazis, aircraft or battles?
Goering
Head of the German air force
Goebbels
Head of Nazi propaganda
Italy
At the beginning of WWII, which country controlled Libya?
London
Was Germany's defeat in the Battle of Britain sealed when they switched to attacking London, radar stations or airfields?
Bardia
Which was the first battle of the war involving Australian soldiers? Sedan, Alamein, Bardia, Tobruk
Rommel
Who commanded the Germans in the desert war?
Montgomery
British commander at El Alamein
9th
Was the Australian division that fought at Tobruk and Alamein the 6th, 7th, 8th or 9th?
Rats
The defenders of Tobruk called themselves the '________ of Tobruk'
Greece
Australian and New Zealand troops could not prevent the fall of this country in 1941
Morshead
Commander of the 'Rats of Tobruk'
Crete
Island captured by German paratroops
Korps
The German troops in North Africa were called the 'Afrika _______'
Besiegers
The Australians in Tobruk were told to 'besiege the ________'
U-boat
German word for submarine
Bismarck
Great German battleship sunk in 1941
Stalin
In August 1939 Hitler signed a non-aggression pact with _________
Scorched
Policy of denying resources to an enemy: _________ earth
Oil
Hitler wanted the Caucasus region of the USSR for its ________
Volga
Stalingrad lay on the ________ River
Leningrad
Hitler's chief objectives in 1941 were the cities of Moscow and _______________
Zhukov
Stalin's best general
June
Germany invaded the USSR on 22 ________ 1941
Exterminate
Was the role of Einsatzgruppen to administer, fight or exterminate?
Communist
Was 'Bolshevik' another name for Communist, Jew or Commissar?
Guerrillas
In WWII were 'partisans' police, pilots or guerrillas?
50
Rough percentage of Soviet POWs who died in captivity: 25, 33, 50, 80
Paulus
General who surrendered at Stalingrad - ________
Sniper
Was Vasili Zaitsev a famous pilot, sniper, general or politician?
34
A type of Soviet tank which shocked the Germans in 1941 was the T-___
Luftwaffe
German air force
Kursk
Was the greatest tank battle in history Normandy, Kursk, the Bulge or Alamein?
Tanks
What type of weapons were the Tiger and Panther?
Italy
Which country did Churchill describe as the 'soft underbelly of Europe'?
1943
In which year did Italy surrender to the Allies?
Area
Instead of Precision bombing, did the RAF concentrate on 'power', 'tactical' or 'area' bombing?
Range
Was the P-51 Mustang's most significant asset its range, firepower, speed or altitude?
Fortress
Hitler talked of his Atlantic Wall, or '_______ Europe' in the lead-up to D-Day
6
D-Day was ___ June 1944
Overlord
Was the D--Day operation codename 'Anvil', 'Torch' or 'Overlord'?
Normandy
Was D-Day in Brittany, Paris, Dunkirk or Normandy?
Beaches
Gold, Juno and Sword were British________
Omaha
The landing which came closest to defeat on D-Day was at _________ Beach.
Centre
While the fighting in France went on in 1944, the Red Army destroyed the German Army Group ____
Warsaw
Eastern European city which rose against the Germans in August 1944
Rhine
The capture of the bridge at Arnhem was an attempt to cross the _______
Missile
Was the V-2 a plan, a jet or a missile?
Radar
Which did the Germans NOT invent: jet, assault-rifle, snorkel, radar
Bulge
Hitler's offensive in December 1944 is usually called the Battle of the ______
Bastogne
Great defensive battle won by the Americans in the Ardennes: Arnhem, Carentan, Cassino, Bastogne
Roosevelt
Leaders of the Big Three for most of the war: Stalin, Churchill and ______________
Valkyrie
Codename for plot to kill Hitler - name of a movie about that subject
Berlin
Chuikov was a Soviet general who led Red Army troops to famous victories in Stalingrad and ______
April
Hitler killed himself on 30 ______ 1945
Japan
The members of the Tripartite Pact (1940) were Germany, Italy and ________
1941
Year in which Pearl Harbor was attacked
7 December
Was Pearl Harbor attacked on 22 June, 11 September, or 7 December?
Hawaii
Island on which Pearl Harbor is a base
Singapore
Australia's defence against Japan was initially based on the '________ Strategy'
8th
Australia lost most of the ____ Division in the defence of Malaya, Singapore and other islands
February
15 ________ 1942 was the date on which Singapore fell to the Japanese
Bennett
The Australian commander in Singapore, Gordon ________, controversially escaped from the island before it surrendered.
Third
Proportion of Australian POWs who did not survive Japanese captivity: one-________
1942
The first air raid on Darwin occurred on 19 February ________
Curtin
Australian Prime Minister for most of WWII: John________
250
Was the death toll from the bombing of Darwin approximately: 50, 250, 700 or 1200?
64
During the course of the war how many air raids did Darwin endure? 24, 44 or 64?
3
How many Japanese midget submarines entered Sydney Harbour in May 1942?
Ferry
Did the midget submarines in Sydney sink a ferry, a cruiser or nothing?
Newcastle
Japanese submarines bombarded Sydney and which other Australian town?
Philippines
Immediately before he came to Australia, where had General MacArthur been in command?
AIF
Which of these terms was NOT used for Australian troops whose sole task was to defend Australian soil: AIF, CMF, militia
Coral
Port Moresby was saved from capture by the battle of the ________ Sea
Midway
At the battle of ________ Japan lost four aircraft carriers
Kokoda
The Japanese tried to capture Port Moresby by crossing Papua on the ________ Track.
Milne
Japanese ground forces suffered their first major defeat at the battle of ________ Bay in August-September 1942
1943
Were the Australians MacArthur's spearhead force in 1943, 1944 or 1945?
29
Main US bomber used against Japanese home islands from late 1944: the B-___
mopping
In the last stages of the war Australian troops were reduced to '________-up' isolated but hard-fighting Japanese garrisons.
Kamikaze
Japanese suicide missions
All
Were one, none or all of these places on the Kokoda Track? Isurava, Imita, Deniki
Fuzzy
________ Wuzzies was a term given to locals who helped the Australians in Papua
Buna
Which of these places was a Japanese base in New Guinea: Truk, Tarawa, Buna
6
The Nazis murdered approximately ________ million Jews
Holocaust
Shoah is a term used by Jews for the wartime ________
Race
Is 'eugenics' a term connected with tactics, race, codebreaking or rationing?
Kristallnacht
German term for Night of the Broken Glass, November 1938
Ghettos
Term for small urban areas where Germans confined Jews
Auschwitz
Most famous Nazi extermination camp:________
Einsatzgruppen
SS killing squads in Russia were called '________'
Final Solution
At Wannsee in January 1942 the Nazis decided on a '______ __________ to the Jewish question'
Star
Under the Nazis, all Jews were required to wear a ________ of David
Potsdam
The ________ Declaration of July 1945 threatened Japan with destruction if it did not surrender
Manhattan
Codename for the American project to build the atomic bomb: The ________ Project
Einstein
Two physicists, Leo Szilard and Albert ________ encouraged Roosevelt to build the bomb
Truman
US President who permitted the dropping of the A-bombs
Flag
The battle of Iwo Jima is remembered largely because of a photo of marines holding a ________
Okinawa
Japanese island taken in bloody and huge-scale fighting in April-June 1945: ________
Downfall
The Allied plan to invade Japan in 1945 was called 'Operation __________'
Boy
The first atomic bomb dropped on Japan was called 'Little ______'
Nagasaki
The atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and ________
August
Month in which the atomic bombs were dropped
Hirohito
Name of the emperor of Japan in World War II
RAAF
Which was most appealing to early Australian recruits: AIF, CMF, RAAF, RAN?
Chocos
What was the derogatory nickname given to militiamen, who were said to 'melt in the sun'?
Total
War involving all aspects of society came to be called '________ war'
Geneva
The ________ Convention offered protection to prisoners of war
Burma
An infamous building proect involving POWs was the ________ Railway
Dunlop
'Weary' ________ was an Australian doctor famous for courageously helping and protecting prisoners of the Japanese
Security
The National ________ Act gave the Federal government strong powers in wartime
Brisbane
Brawl between Australian and Amercan servicemen in November 1942: the Battle of ________
Internment
Confining people associated with an enemy nation to camps is called:________
Women
The WAAAF, AWAS, and WRANS were all organisations for ________
agriculture
Was the Australian Women's Land Army chiefly concerned with agriculture, administration or manufacture?
European
Aborigines could join the armed forces only if they were of 'substantially ________ descent'
Saunders
Reg ________ was the frst Aboriginal to become an Australian army officer
Pilot
Len Waters was the RAAF's only Aboriginal ________
Chifley
Was Australia's PM at the end of WWII Curtin, Menzies, Lyons or Chifley?
Evatt
A leading figure in the establishment of the United Nations was the Australian, 'Doc' ________
Changi
The main POW camp in Singapore was called ________
massacre
Was Sandakan the site of a battle, massacre or conference?
Zero
The main Japanese fighter plane, the ________ outperformed all its opponents early in the Pacific War
Guadalcanal
At the same time as the Kokoda campaign, were the Japanese fighting the Americans at Guadalcanal, Leyte or Tarawa?