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89 terms

Terms

pp. 60 - 69
STUDY
PLAY
Empathy
__ may be either basic, additive, or subtractive.
psychoanalysis
Treatment using ___ focuses on the client's past
unconditional positive regard
When counselors accept and value clients without reservation, they demonstrate __ __ __
reality therapy
insists that clients take full responsibility for their actions.
self-actualization
Humanistic counselors believe that clients are inherently moving towards ___
consultation
The ___ relationship is voluntary, professional, and egaltarian.
genuineness
Counselors who consistently behave in accordance with their own values and perceptions are exhibiting the trait called ___.
eclectic
The ___ counselor has a personal style that incorporates methods and techniqus from a variety of theories and approaches.
TA view
According to the __ ___ , clients' current behaviors, feelings, and actions are based on their life scripts.
Carkuff
___ developed scales for measuring empathy, genuiness, and respect. Counselor response scales.
intimacy
Counselors who fear rejection or fear closeness and affection may have difficulty developjng __ in the helping realtionship.
reflection
When counselors use accurate __ of content and feeling, clients feel that they really have been understood.
Beck
The approach used by ___ is very effective for treating depression. Cognitive therapy
attending
Counselors who apply their complete thinking, feeling, and behavior toward the client are using the helping skill referred to as __
gestalt
The __ approach tries to explore what is affecting the client in the here-and-now.
listening, attending, and inquiring
___, ___, and ___ are exampls of helping skills
Adler
__ recognized the importance of a person's position in the family constellation. Individual Psychology.
transference
When the client directs toward the counselor feelings that were once attached to a significant other, __ takes place.
Bandura
__ introduced the concept of observational learning. Social Learning Theory.
Systematic desensitization
__ __ is a process of eliminating anxiety by pairing the anxiety-evoking situation with the relaxing response.
behavior modification
A basic premis of __ __ is that people are influenced by the consequences of their behavior.
Client-centered view
The __ __ __ holds that individuals are essentially good in nature with a tendency toward growth and productivity.
implosive therapy
Flooding the client with anxiety-producing stimulie within a safe setting is called __ __
trustworthiness
Counselors who keep confidentiality, are reliable, and are dependable slowly develop ____
Jung
The concept of collective unconscious was introduced by ___
Berne
TA
Caplan
mental health consulatation
Egan
helping skills: listening, attending, and inquiring by ___
Ellis
RET
Frankl
paradoxical intention
paradoxical intention
is a therapeutic strategy in which the client is encouraged to engage in, and even intensify, the problematic, or inappropriate behavior(s).
Gendlin
focusing: "is a processin which you make conscious contact with a special kind of internal bodily awareness... (or) felt sense... (where) you will discover the body finding its own way provides its own answers to many of your problems"
Glasser
reality therapy
Horney
neo-Freudian who
Ivey
microskills
Kurpius
consultation modalities
Moreno
Psychodrama
Parsons, Frank
father of guidance
Perls
Gestalt
Rogers
Person-Centered
Schein
process consultation
Skinner
behavior modification
Wolpe
Behavior Therapy
psychological problems arise from irrational thought patterns
Albert Ellis has developed a system of hlping known as rational-emotive therapy. A basic premise of this theory is that
explore the client's problems in the here-and-now.
Gestalt therapy (counseling), developed by Perls, is based on a number of principles. One of these is ...
the counselor and client work together as equals to solve client problems.
A mojor belief associated with psycholanalytic therapy holds that
identity
Glasser's reality therapy focuses on ...
Wolpe
Systematic desensitization is a technique whereby a client resolves irrational fears through gradual exposure to the fear producting stimulus. It was first developed as a therapy technique by ___
psychological problems arise from irrational thought patterns
Albert Ellis has nas devleoped a stystem of helping known as rational-emotive therapy. A basic premise of this theory is that ...
explore the client's problems in the here-and-
Gestalt therapy (counseling), developed by Perls, is based on a number of principles. One of these is
the counselor and client work together as equals to solve client problems
a major belief associated with psychoanalytic therapy holds that
identity
Glasser's reality therapy focuses on __
Wolpe
Systematic desensitization is a technique whereby a client resolves irrational fears through gradual exposure to the fear producing stiumulus. It was first developed as a therapy technique by __
accent and/or contradict verbals.
Counselors need to pay attention not only to verbal but also to nonerbal behavior. They need to be aware that nonverbals ...
most behavior is learned, and therefore subject to change through specifically designed techniques
A counselor whose theoretical orientation comes from behavioral counseling believes that ....
c. insight
Carkhuff has developed scales for measuring the core conditions for effective counseling. Which of the following is not one of the core conditions? a. empathy, b. respect, c. insight, d. genuineness
Perls
Particular counseling activities are usually associated with their primary proponents. For example, psychodrama is to Moreno as hot seat is to ____
a. summarizing
Some counseling techniques are appropriate for individual counseling, whereas others apply more to group counseling. Which of the following counselor skills applies to individual as well as group counseling? a. summarizing, b. consensus taking, c. moderating, d. linking
Adler, Sullivan, and Horney
Which of the following are new-Freudians?
counseling is a clearly defined helping relationship
The counseling profession is based on some general philosophical propositions. Which is not one of them?
restatement of content
Which counselor intervention most closely follows client verbalizations?
psychodynamics
Which is not one of the core elements of the helping relationship?
human processes
According to Schein, the path to increasing organizational effectiveness is to focus on
satisfy lower-order needs
Maslow believes that individuals are unable to reach self-actualization until they
eclectic
Counselors who choose their approach and techniques according to the needs and capacity of each individual client are said to be __
concreteness, genuineness, self-disclosure, and respect.
Carkhuff has defined the core dimensions of counseling. Some of these are ...
triadic
The mediator is an important dimension of which type of consultation?
additive empathy
When a counselor's response includes congruent ideas and feelings from another frame of reference to facilitate client exploration, Ivey would say that the counselor is using ...
testing automatic thoughts, identifying maladaptive assumptions, generating alternative responses and behaviors.
What applies to Beck's cognitive therapy
attending to feelings
What does not apply to Beck's CT?
responding with questions back to the client
When clients ask decision-oriented questions, counselors serve them best by
indirect helping
Consultation is an example of __ __
two important elements are the helper's self-image and the client's perceptions of the helper.
What applies to the social influence core of the helping relationship?
personal responsibility, goodness of human nature, meaning of life
Compatible with the existential approach
predestination
not compatible with the existential approach
empathic response
reflect the content, emotional tone, and language style of the client.
subtractive empathy
the counselor reponse subtracts from the helping process and takes something away from the client.
basic empathy
the counselor response parallels the client statement
Hershenson and Power
offer four general tenets that form the philosophical bases of mental helath counseling.
first tenets (Hershenson and Power)
behavior is an interaction between client and their environments at a particular point in time.
second tenet (Hershenson and Power)
human development naturally tends toward healthy growth.
third tenet (Hershenson and Power)
the helping relationship consists of a partnership of counselor and client working together to solve client problems by activating client assets, developing client skills, and utilizing environmental resources so as to decrease client problems and increase client coping skills.
fourth tenet (Hershenson and Power)
counselors seek to help clients by using skills, techniques,and methods that research has shown to be effective.
BASIC ID (Multimodal therapy)
Behavior (activity, busyness) Affect (focus on emotions, depth), Sensation (attention to pleasure and pain, bodily sensations), Imagery (fantasy, daydreaming, thinking in pictures), Cognition (thinking, analyzing, planning, reasoning) Interpersnal (social relations, intimacy, involvement with others), Drugs/Biology (health habits, medication, substance use)
Arnold Lazarus
Multimodal therapy
Kurpius
defines four core elements on which this relationship is built: 1. human relations, 2. social infulence, 3. skills, 4. theory
guidelines for formulating empathic responses
Carhuff and Rodgers ... key element in the helping relationship... rank of 3 out of 5 is acceptable on the scale
genuineness
implies being true to self in the client-counselorrelationship. The genuine counselor's ideas, feelings, and behaviors remain consistent with his or her value system, theroietical orientation, and philosophical position. This counselor maintains confidence and remains comfortable with self-disclosure. Measured too on a 5 point scale with 3 as a minimum for being acceptable
Social influence
The __ __ core represents another arean of importance in the heloping relationship. THis core includes helper self-image- competence, power, and intimacy- and helpee receptiveness to helper- trustworhtiness, attractiveness, and expertise.