Terms in this set (49)
During the Victorian period, which city became the most important city in Europe?
What did the population of London expand to?
From 2 million to 6 million
The ownership of land shifted to what?
Modern urban economy
Impact of __________ and increase in ___________.
Victorian people suffered from what, and why?
Anxiety; because they were displaced people in an age of technological advances.
Who ruled England from 1837-1901?
Queen Victoria exemplified what 3 Victorian qualities?
earnestness, moral responsibility, and domestic propriety
The Victorian period was an age of ___________, and characterized by what 2 things?
Transition; energy and high moral purpose
What was the Georgian period?
A reaction against the achievements of the Victorian Period
Which public railway opened in 1830, the first public railway line in the world?
The Liverpool and Manchester Railway
By 1900 , England had 15,195 lines of railroad and what else?
An underground rail system beneath London
What 3 things did the underground railway do for England?
Transformed England's landscape, supported the growth of commerce, and shrank the distance between cities
4 things about the Reform Bill of 1832?
Transformed English class structure, extended the right to vote to all males owning property, second Reform Bill passed in 1867, extended right to vote to working class
The Time of Troubles1830's and 1840's caused what?
Unemployment, poverty, rioting, slums in large cities, and working conditions for women and children were terrible
The industrial and political scene produced what 3 selections?
1.Charles Kingsley- "The Water Babies"
2.Elizabeth Gaskell - "North and South"; Life of Charlotte Bronte
3.Benjamin Disraeli- "Sybil"
The mid-Victorian Period was a time of what 4 things?
prosperity, improvement, stability, and optimism
What did the Crystal Palace display?
The exhibits of modern industry and science at the 1851 Great Exhibition
What was one of the first buildings constructed according to modern architectural principles?
The Crystal Palace
What did the Crystal Palace symbolize?
The triumphs of Victorian industry
What happened to India in 1857?
Parliament took over the government, and Queen Victoria became empress
Many British people saw the expansion of empire as what?
A moral responsibility
Missionaries spread Christianity throughout what 3 countries?
India, Asia, and Africa
How did evangelical movement emphasize spiritual transformation of the individual?
By conversion and a moral Christian life
People of the evangelical movement had a view of life that was identical to who?
The High Church Emphasized the importance of what 3 things?
Tradition, ritual, and authority
The Oxford Movement was let by who?
The Broad Church was open to who?
What is Utilitarianism?
Derived from the ideas of Jeremy Bentham and his disciple James Mill, the father of John Stuart Mill
Utilitarianism failed because why?
It failed to recognize people's spiritual needs
What were some challenges to Religious belief in Science?
Huxley, Darwin-The Origin of Species and The Descent of Man
What were some more challenges to religious belief?
Examination of the Bible as a mere text of history, source studies, geology, astronomy
What 5 things happened during the late Victorian Period?
Decay of Victorian values, British imperialism, Boer War, the Irish question, and Socialism
What 2 major allies became and rival power during the Late Victorian Period?
Bismarck, Germany and The United States
Economic depression in the Late Victorian Period led to what?
What were the Factory Acts?
Regulations of the conditions of labor in mines and factories
What was the Custody Act?
Gave a mother the right to petition the court for access to her minor children and custody of children under seven and later sixteen
What did the Divorce and Matrimonial Causes Act establish?
A civil divorce act
First women's college established in 1848 where?
London; By the end of Victoria's reign could take degrees at twelve university colleges
Bad working conditions and underemployment drove thousands of women into what?
What was the only occupation at which an unmarried middle class women could earn a living and maintain some claim to gentility?
The reading public expected what to illuminate social problems?
"I held it truth with him who sings
To one clear harp in divers tones
That men may rise on stepping stones
Of their dead selves to higher things"
In Memoriam A. H. H. lines 1-4 in section 1
"I hold it true, what e'er befall;
I feel it, when I sorrow most;
'Tis better to have loved and lost
Than to never have loved at all."
In Memoriam A. H. H. lines 13-16 in section 27
"The sea is calm to-night
The tide is full, the moon lies fair
Upon the straits; on the french coast to the light"
Opening lines of Dover Beach
"Ah, love, let us be true
To one another! for the world, which seems
To lie before us like a hand of dreams,
So various, so beautiful, so new..."
Last stanza of Dover Beach
Culture and Anarchy divides English society into what three categories?
Who was largely responsible for establishing the pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood? (Music and Literature)
Charles Dante Gabriel Rossetti
"And I must mock you to the last,
Ashamed of my own shame,--aghast
Because some thoughts not born amiss
Rose at a poor fair face like this?
..........Only one kiss. Goodbye my dear
Last stanza from Jenny