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39 terms

Test 3

STUDY
PLAY
Intelligence can be defined as a mental quality that consists of:
ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations
Seven year old takes Binet's original intelligence, what score would he get?
mental age of 9
Woman achieved an intelligence test score of 100 on a current version of the Stanford-Binet test. This indicates that relative to other adults her age
She is average
According to Spearman, ______________ underlies specific mental abilities, such that it is measured by every task on an intelligence test.
generalize intelligence
In his study of children with high intelligence scores, Terman found that
the children were healthy, well-adjusted, and did well academically.
Some people who score low on intelligence tests have an "island of brilliance," which refers to some incredible ability, such as heightened musical memory. This condition is known as
savant syndrome
In very stressful or embarrassing situations, someone who is able to maintain her poise and help others to feel comfortable shows
Emotional intelligence
Wechsler total intelligence score two standard deviations below the norm.
70
Jack takes the same test of mechanical reasoning on several different days and gets virtually identical scores. This suggests that the test has
High reliability
Brain scans reveal that identical twins have very similar _____ matter volume
Gray matter
______________ refers to the extent to which differences among people are attributed to genes
Heritability
This is demonstrated in reacting adaptively to novel situations and generating novel ideas.
Creative intelligence
This is often required for everyday tasks, which are frequently ill-defined, with multiple solutions
Practical intelligence
people explain behavior by crediting either the situation or the person's disposition.
Attribution theory
Marilyn thinks strict class attendance policy is an indication of her professor's overly controlling personality rather than a necessity dictated by the limited number of class sessions (the course meets only once a week). Her judgment best illustrates
Fundamental attribution error
This results from a person's desire to gain approval or avoid disapproval
Normative social influence
In the Milgram experiments, the level of obedience was highest when the "teacher" was __________ the experimenter and __________ the "learner."
Close to, Far from
In one study, participants who worked alongside someone who rubbed his face or shook his foot were observed to produce the same behaviors. This mimicry illustrates
Chameleon effect
Assessing the impact of different management styles on the motivation and productivity of employees best illustrates the professional concerns of
Organizational Psychology
You are interested in designing machines that work with people. You want to bring together the interaction of people and machines as one. You are seriously considering becoming a
Human Factors Psychologist
For his performance review, Professor Donnell is evaluated by his students, colleagues, department chair, and research assistants. This best illustrates
360 degree feedback
his is the subjective sense of mutual obligations between workers and employers
Psychological Contract
this is the extent to which a test actually measures what it is supposed to measure.
Validity
this type of psychologists explore how we think about, influence, and relate to one another.
Social
After hearing respected medical authorities lecture about the value of regular exercise, Ila, who has rarely exercised, begins to jog regularly. The change in Ila's behavior best illustrates the impact of
Informational social influence
Most widely used intelligence test for adults
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)
Your professor hands out the examination for which the syllabus had said the exam would be on chapters 11 and 12. You are shocked to see that the exam is covering chapters 13 and 14 instead. Your examination clearly lacks
Validity
Precent of males who spell better than females
30%
Stereotype Threat
is a self-confirming concern that you will be evaluated based on a negative stereotype
Convergent Thinking
Single correct answer
Divergent Thinking
Multiple solutions
Sternberg's Theory
3; triarchic theory
Attribution theory suggests that we tend to attribute others' behavior either to their
dispositions or situations
Fundamental Attribution Error
describes the tendency to overestimate the effect of disposition or personality and underestimate the effect of the situation in explaining social behavior.
Normative Social Influence
he influence of other people that leads us to conform in order to be liked and accepted by them
His experiments on obedience at Yale University are some of the most famous and involved deception.
Milgram
Managers who build teamwork and effectively mediate employee conflicts are said to excel in
Social Leadership
Interviewers that ask questions such as "How organized are you?" or "How well do you handle stress?" are conducting this
Unstructured interview
If eight-year-old Edie had responded to the original Stanford-Binet with the proficiency of an average ten-year-old child, she would be said to have an IQ of this
125