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51 terms

Ch. 30 Q. 5

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Cyrus Vance
Who was Carter's Secretary of State?
Camp David Accords
Carter's most important achievement. A peace treaty between Israel and Egypt where Egypt agreed to recognize the nation state of Israel.
Panama Canal
A canal built by the United States in order to create shortcuts through Central America
Nicaragua
Nation with a brutal dictator, Somoza, who was overthrown. New government pleaded for help and Congress turned down Carter's request of $75 million in aid.
El Salvador
Nation with Archbishop Romero, who was assassinated. U.S. still followed through with repressive government and AMerica pleaded Carter to withhold future military aid.
Andrew Young
UN ambassador for Africa who couldn't persuade Carter to recognize APARTHEID government of ANGOLA that invited Cuban troops to fight against South African rebels.
Carter Doctrine
Warning that any attempt by outside forces to gain control of the Persian Gulf would be met with military force from the US; created because Soviets were in Afghanistan and too close to Persian Gulf oil.
Moscow
Where did the Olympics take place in 1980?
Farmers
What sector of society do you suppose Carter angered with?
Iran
In 1977, President Carter visited this country and declared it "AN ISLAND OF STABILITY IN ONE OF THE MORE TROUBLED AREAS OF THE WORLD."
SAVAK
The Shah's secret police.
Khomeini
Who led the fundamentalist revolution that overthrew the shah's government in 1979?
Teheran
Where did the seizure of the U.S. embassy in Iran take place?
Sandstorm
What type of natural disaster affected the helicopter rescue and killed 8 Americans?
60%
By how many percent did the price of oil rise?
Malaise Speech
The speech Carter delivered in response to the energy crisis, it was most notable for Carter's bleak assessment of the national condition and his claim that there was a "crisis of confidence" that had struck "at the very heart and soul of our national will". The speech helped fuel charges that the president was trying to blame his own problems on the American people.
Four
Ronald Reagan's key question: "Are you better of now that you were ____ years ago?"
George H.W. Bush
Who was Reagan's VP?
Supply-Side Economics
Reagan's economic policy based on increasing supply. (^ supply means ^ output).
New Conservatism
A movement led by Ronald Reagan. Not the New Deal but the ___ ____________ .
Defense
Despite cuts in the programs (MEDICARE, MEDICAID, SOCIAL SECURITY), the government increased spending ($2 TRILLION) in what area in particular?
Strategic Defense Initiative
Popularly known as "Star Wars," President Reagan's SDI proposed the construction of an elaborate computer-controlled, anti-missile defense system capable of destroying enemy missiles in outer spaced. Critics claimed that SDI could never be perfected.
Economic Recovery Tax Act
largest tax reduction in the US history.
New York City
3/4 million demonstrated a halt to spending on deployment of nuclear weapons in this city.
Department of Interior
Assigned JAMES G. WATT to this department that opened protected wild and wet lands to private developers.
Department of Transportation
Assigned DREW LEWIS to this department that eliminated regulations passed in 1970s that reduced pollution. It also improved fuel efficiency
Alan Greenspan
Who did Reagan appoint to the be the head of the FEDERAL RESERVE BORD? He encouraged trends toward dominance of speculation in market trading.
Walter Mondale
He was the vice president of Carter and when he won the democratic nomination he was defeated by a landslide by Reagan. He was the first presidential candidate to have a woman vice president, Geraldine Ferraro.
Ivan Boesky
He was an investment broker who illegally manipulated the stock market and in the process redefined the crime of insider trading(1985).
Michael Milken
He perfected corporate raiding through creative manipulation of debt.
Dow Jones
This fell and crashed and lost 23 and of its value on Oct. 19, 1987.
South Boston
Where did the FORCED BUSING occur?
White Flight
The process by which whites move away from areas as ethnic minorities begin to move in.
Crack Cocaine
A drug that was available to the urban poor, fueled turf wars among the new growing urban street gangs, provided super-profits for international narco-traffickers, and all that good stuff.
AIDS
The health issue that destroys your immune system. Ignored by Reagan because it had a sense of homosexual prejudice.
Evil Empire
Reagan's nickname for the Soviet Union, illustrated an end to detente.
Reagan Doctrine
U.S. would support freedom fighters trying to overthrow Communist regimes; applied in Nicaragua, Angola, Cambodia and Afghanistan.
Grenada
U.S. Marines invade this country and claimed it was a Cuban military base and was a threat to the hemisphere.
Sandinista
Communist government of Nicaragua that fought the Contra.
Contras
Guerrillas who fought against the Sandinistas in Nicaragua.
Boland Amendment
An act passed by congress in the World Court that said the president could not support the Contras; Reagan ignored it during the Iran-Contra affair
Arms-for-hostages
U.S. offered Iran weapons for use against Iraq in exchange for help in securing release of Americans held hostage by Islam groups in Lebanon. What is this called?
Oliver North
National Security Council member involved in the clandestine sale of weapons to Iran. formulated the 2nd part of the plan: diverting proceeds from the arms sales to support the Contra rebel group in Nicaragua.
Glasnost
Policy of openness initiated by Gorbachev in the 1980s that provided increased opportunities for freedom of speech, association and the press in the Soviet Union.
Perestroika
Gorbachev's policy of "restructuring" of economics, allowed for development of Free Enterprise System.
Mikhail Gorbachev
Who was the Soviet President?
Washington D.C.
Where did Reagan and Gorbachev meet?
Berlin Wall
This was brought down. A 30 year old Cold War symbol.
Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia
Which Baltic republics declared their independence from the USSR?
Commonwealth of Independent States
USSR dissolved and was called ____________________ __ ___________ __________.
Boris Yeltsin
He was the leader of the new Russia.