90 terms

Weekly Japanese Chapter 4

STUDY
PLAY
well (often used as a preliminary to inviting)
saa
[noun] or something
[noun] demo
to drink
nom.u
let's drink
nomimashou
shall we drink
nomimashou ka?
yes (only used in fairly informal situations)
un
somewhere
doko ka
place
tokoro
bar (drinking place, pub)
nomiya
to do
suru
to do
shimasu
to decide on/ have [noun]
[noun] ni suru
what will you have
nan ni shimasu ka?
What will you have
nani ni shimasu ka?
proprietress (of a bar)
mama-san
welcome (stock greeting for a customer)
irasshaimase
please (give me) [noun]
[noun] o kudasi
That'll be beer for me too.
Boku mo biiru da
(lit.) I have understood
wakarimashita
here you are
hai, douzo
cheers
kanpai!
every evening
maiban
that sort of [noun]
sonna [noun]
time
jikan
busy
isogashi.i
daytime/during the day
hiruma
company/the office
kaisha
to work (labour)
hatarak.u
night-time/at night
yoru
study/work (educational sense)
benkyou
to study
benkyou suru
well
maa
for the time being
toubun
there's no alternative/it's inevitible
shikata ga arimasen
its' so-so
maamaa desu
this time
kondo
when
itsu
until [time]
[time] made
next week
raishuu
again
mata
to meet
a.u
telephone number
denwa bangou
to teach/inform
oshie.ru
(lit.) I humbly request
o-negai shimasu
What's this?
are?
plain negative of aru
nai
(informal) variant of ne(, used primarily by men)
[sentence] na
(informal) variant of ne(, used primarily by men)
[sentence] naa
Please (write it) with my pen
Boku no pen douzo
excuse me...
anou
to eat
tabe.ru
there is (animate), stay
i.ru
to see
mi.ru
there is (inanimate)
ar.u
to understand
wakar.u
to finish
owar.u
to cut
kir.u
to drink
nom.u
to read
yomu
to write
kak.u
to buy
ka.u
to speak
hanas.u
to wait for
mats.u
masu replaces ru
formal ending for ru verbs
imasu replaces u
formal ending for u verbs
to come
kuru
to come
kimasu
masen replaces masu
formal negative verb ending
mashou replaces masu
volitional verb ending
indicates verb object
o
shows location (of the action of a sentence occurs or the means of communications)
de
desu is ommited
plain form of i adjective
da
plain form of desu
da replaces desu
plain form na adjectives
nai replaces i desu
plain negative form of i adjectives
nai replaces desu
plain negative for na adjectives
nai
plain negative form of arimasu
however
shikashi
this sort of [noun]
konna [noun]
that sort of [noun] (over there)
anna [noun]
what sort of [noun]
donna [noun]
what (used before ga o mo)
nan
what (used before no, de, da/desu)
nani
to this extent
konna ni
someone
dare ka
somewhere
doko ka
something
nani ka
sometime
itsu ka
bill
kanjou
register
reji