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21 terms

Ch 24: WW II Era (1935-1945)

Vocabulary Terms
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Josef Stalin
dictator of the Soviet Union who turned the country into a totalitarian state
totalitarian state
nation in which a single party controls the government and every aspect of people's lives
Benito Mussolini
Italian Prime Minister who turned the country into the world's first fascist state
Fascism
a political system based on militarism, extreme nationalism, and blind loyalty to the state and its leader
nationalism
pride in one's own country
aggression
warlike act by one country against another without cause
appeasement
a policy of giving in to aggression in order to avoid war
Munich Pact
an agreement in which Britain and France agreed to let the German leader occupy the Sudetenland, a portion of Czechoslovakia populated largely by German-speaking people. In return, Hitler promised that he would seek no further territory.
isolationism
a policy of staying out of other countries' affairs
Neutrality Act of 1935
this law forbade the President of the United States from selling arms, making loans, or giving any other kind of assistance to any nation involved in war
Good Neighbor Policy
U.S. foreign policy that attempted to strengthen U.S. ties with Latin America by saying that the U.S. no longer had the right to intervene in Latin American affairs
Nazi-Soviet Pact
a non-aggression agreement made between Hitler and Stalin in which Germany and the Soviet Union agreed not to attack each other and agreed to divide up Poland
Lend-Lease Act
a law that allowed the U.S. to lend or lease supplies to Britain and other nations fighting the Nazis
Atlantic Charter
an agreement made between Roosevelt and Churchill in August 1941, in which they agreed that the U.S. and Britain would seek no territorial gain from the war and emphasized the right of all people to choose their own government. In this agreement, they also called for the creation of a United Nations to replace the weak League of Nations.
Axis Powers
Germany, Italy, Japan, and six other countries
Allied Powers
Britain, France, U.S.S.R., U.S., China, and 45 other countries
total war
a conflict involving not just armies but entire nations
rationing
the act of setting limits on the amount of scarce goods people can buy
A. Philip Randolph
union leader who fought for the end of discrimination in the armed services
island hopping
an American strategy in which American forces would capture some Japanese-held islands and go around others
kamikaze mission
Japanese form of combat in which suicide pilots crashed their planes into American ships