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Vocabulary Terms

Josef Stalin

dictator of the Soviet Union who turned the country into a totalitarian state

totalitarian state

nation in which a single party controls the government and every aspect of people's lives

Benito Mussolini

Italian Prime Minister who turned the country into the world's first fascist state


a political system based on militarism, extreme nationalism, and blind loyalty to the state and its leader


pride in one's own country


warlike act by one country against another without cause


a policy of giving in to aggression in order to avoid war

Munich Pact

an agreement in which Britain and France agreed to let the German leader occupy the Sudetenland, a portion of Czechoslovakia populated largely by German-speaking people. In return, Hitler promised that he would seek no further territory.


a policy of staying out of other countries' affairs

Neutrality Act of 1935

this law forbade the President of the United States from selling arms, making loans, or giving any other kind of assistance to any nation involved in war

Good Neighbor Policy

U.S. foreign policy that attempted to strengthen U.S. ties with Latin America by saying that the U.S. no longer had the right to intervene in Latin American affairs

Nazi-Soviet Pact

a non-aggression agreement made between Hitler and Stalin in which Germany and the Soviet Union agreed not to attack each other and agreed to divide up Poland

Lend-Lease Act

a law that allowed the U.S. to lend or lease supplies to Britain and other nations fighting the Nazis

Atlantic Charter

an agreement made between Roosevelt and Churchill in August 1941, in which they agreed that the U.S. and Britain would seek no territorial gain from the war and emphasized the right of all people to choose their own government. In this agreement, they also called for the creation of a United Nations to replace the weak League of Nations.

Axis Powers

Germany, Italy, Japan, and six other countries

Allied Powers

Britain, France, U.S.S.R., U.S., China, and 45 other countries

total war

a conflict involving not just armies but entire nations


the act of setting limits on the amount of scarce goods people can buy

A. Philip Randolph

union leader who fought for the end of discrimination in the armed services

island hopping

an American strategy in which American forces would capture some Japanese-held islands and go around others

kamikaze mission

Japanese form of combat in which suicide pilots crashed their planes into American ships

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