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Gravity
Terms in this set (60)
add
To combine, put together two or more quantities
addend
Any number being added.
area
The measure, in square units, of the interior region of a 2-dimensional figure or the surface of a 3-dimensional figure.
bar graph
A graph that uses the height or length of rectangles to compare data.
centimeter (cm)
A metric unit of length equal to 0.01 of a meter. 100 cm = 1 m
compare
To decide if one number is greater than, less than, or equal to another number
denominator
The quantity below the line in a fraction. It tells how many equal parts are in the whole.
difference
The amount that remains after one quantity is subtracted from another.
dividend
A quantity to be divided.
digit
Any of the symbols 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, or 9.
divide
To separate into equal groups and find the number in each group or the number of groups.
divisor
The quantity by which another quantity is to be divided.
equal
Having the same value
equal groups
Groups that contain the same number of objects. Whenever you divide, you separate items into equal groups.
estimate
To find a number close to an exact amount; an estimate tells about how much or about how many.
factor
An integer that divides evenly into another.
equation
A mathematical sentence with an equals sign. The amount on one side of the equals sign has the same value as the amount of the other side.
equivalent
Naming the same number.
equivalent fractions
Fractions that have the same value
fraction
A way of representing part of a whole or part of a group by telling the number of equal parts in the whole and the number of parts you are describing.
classify
To sort into categories or to arrange into groups by attributes.
decimal point
A dot (.) separating the whole number from the fraction in decimal notation.
expanded form
A way to write numbers that shows the place value of each digit.
composite number
A number greater than 0 that has more than two different factors.
decimal
A fractional number with a denominator of 10 or a powder of 10. Usually written with a decimal point.
improper fraction
A fraction where the numerator is greater than or equal to the denominator.
foot (ft)
A customary unit of length. 1 foot = 12 inches
greater than
Greater than is used to compare two numbers when the first number is larger than the second number.
less than
Less than is used to compare two numbers when the first number is smaller than the second number.
multiple
A product of a whole number and any whole number.
inch (in)
A customary unit of length.
12 inches - 1 foot
like denominators
Denominators in two or more fractions that are the same.
parallell lines
Lines that are always the same distance apart.
pentagon
A polygon that has five sides.
numerator
The number written above the line in a fraction. It tells how many equal parts are described in the fraction.
number line
A diagram that represents numbers as points on a line.
pattern
A repeating or growing sequence or design. An ordered set of numbers or shapes arranged according to a rule.
minute (min)
one sixtieth of an hour or 60 seconds.
perimeter
The distance around a figure.
percent
A special ratio that compares a number to 100 using the symbol %.
perpendicular lines
Two intersecting lines that form right angles.
place value
The value of the place of a digit in a number
product
The answer to a multiplication problem.
quotient
The answer to a division problem.
proper fraction
A fraction less than one. In a proper fraction the numerator is less than the denominator.
remainder
The number that is left over after a whole number is divided equally by another.
rectangle
A quadrilateral with two pairs of congruent, parallel sides and four right angles.
rounding
To strategy to find about how much or how many by expressing a number closest to ten, hundred, thousand, or tenth, hundredth, thousandth, etc.
standard form
A number written with one digit for each place value.
subtract
An operation that gives the difference between two numbers. Subtraction can be used to compare two numbers, or to find our how much is left after some is taken away.
right triangle
A triangle that has one 90 degree angle.
square
A parallelogram with four equal angles AND four equal sides.
sum
The result of addition.
right angle
An angle that measures exactly 90 degrees/
triangle
A polygon with three sides and three angles
word form
A way of using words to write a number. Also called number names.
multiply
The operation of repeated addition of the same number.
prime number
A whole number greater than 0 that has exactly two different factors, 1 and itself.
second
One sixtieth of a minute. There are 60 seconds in a minute.
unlike denominators
Denominators that are not equal.
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